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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: M

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions

Muly Moloch
Muley Moloch
SIRE: Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Rib - Mother Western by Easby Snake - mare by (Old) Montagu - mare by (Old) Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal mare (Family 12).
Grey 1773. Probably bred by Sir Thomas Gascoigne, then ran under the ownership of Miles Stapleton, later racing again for Gascoigne. A big, 16 hand colt, he ran in top company: won the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket in 1778, beating Pot-8-Os (who had run a race the day before); in 1779 was second in a 450 guineas sweep at Newmarket (to Highflyer). Does not appear to have been well patronized, standing, as he did, in the years Pot-8-Os and Highflyer were also at stud: sired Newbyth (1783), Sir Horatio (1793) and several others.
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Cassandra by Blank - Brown Basto byFlying Chiders - sister to Soreheels by Basto - sister to Mixbury Galloway (Partner's dam) by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
Brown 1770. Bred and raced by Augustus Henry Fitzroy, (3rd) Duke of Grafton. Moderately good racehorse in the years some top horses were running, he placed second to Protector in the 1400 guineas Newmarket Subscription Purse of 1775 (3 miles and 4 furlongs); ran fourth to Shark in a race at Newmarket in 1776. Stood at the Grafton stud. Got Ringwood (1782); Daffodil (1786) and her brother Dare Devil (1787, sent to U.S.); Attraction (1786, dam of Moss Rose and others) and her brothers Shoveler (1785) and Poker (1784), and the racemare Jet (1785, dam of Flageolet (1799); in all sired around 30 horses in the GSB.
SIRE: Oglethorpe Arabian. Owned by John Croft, Barforth, Yorkshire. Described as "...a horse of great eminence especially as a stallion." He was covering mares in the first two decades of the 18th century, so probably dates to the early to mid 1690s. He sired a number of daughters who are important in thoroughbred pedigrees. He got Sir Ralph Milbanke's "famous" black mare (c. 1705, Family 13); the Old Scarborough mare (Family 25, 1715, the grandam of Miss Wyndam and ancestress of Young Melbourne), the only horse known to have beaten the famous (younger) Bonny Black; the Duke of Devonshire's Makeless Mare (Family 33, dam of Old Polly and a filly who was ancestress of Dungannon); Sir Matthew Pierson's "famous" Makeless mare (Family 37), the dam of Bay Bolton (1705), and Lamprie (1715); Chestnut Thornton (Family 2), important in several branches of Family 2; Brown Farewell (1710, Family 4), dam of Miss Partner and other important mares in Family 4; Chestnut Layton, also seen in Family 4.
SIRE: Engineer - Sampson - Blaze - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Old Cade - mare by Little John - Favourite by Son of Bald Galloway - Daffodil's dam by Sir Thomas Gascoigne's Foreign horse (Family 20).
Grey 1768. Bred by John Atkinson of Yorkshire, and sold to and raced by Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor. A good racehorse with 11 wins, including the Jockey club Plate and King's Plate at Newmarket in 1775, beating some of the top horses of his day, including Florizel, Trentham and Comus. Sired Messenger (1780), who was exported to the U.S. and is considered a foundation sire of Standardbreds, and the racehorses Carlo Khan (1781) and Guildford (1784), among around 30 listed in the GSB. Some of his many daughters are Brighton Belle, dam of Skyrocket and Magpie; Grey Gawkey, dam of Prisoner and Flycatcher; Marcella, dam of Fop and Enchantress (dam of Palmyra), and the dam of Miss Pratt.
Mark Anthony
SIRE: Spectator - Crab - ALCOCK ARABIAN.
DAM: Rachel by Blank - mare by Regulus - mare by Soreheels - mare by Makeless - D'Arcy Royal Mare (Family 13).
Bay or Brown 1767. Bred by the Duke of Ancaster, sold to the first Baron Clermont, who ran him. "Barely larger than a pony," he won 12 of his 20 races, all at Newmarket, to age eight, including the Beecham Well Cup and a 300 guineas match against Pumpkin in 1775 at Newmarket, with career winnings of over 5,600 Guineas. Retired to Clermont's stud after he broke down, he sired, among others, Young Mark Antony (1781); Anne (1779), dam of the racehorse and sire Mercutio, and her brother Curate (1780); the racehorses Rutland (1779) and Soho! (1789); siblings Fandango (1779) and the unnamed dam (178-) of racehorses Paynator and Jilt; and 1785 Derby winner Aimwell; the latter was the effective end of the Alcock Arabian sire line.
Markham Arabian
This bay horse was sold to King James I by Gervase Markham in 1616, and has long been given pride-of-place as the first ancestor of the thoroughbred, generally because he was, for a long time, the first known documented oriental horse to be used in the royal studs, since he and his purported purchase price were described by William Cavendish, (1st) Duke of Newcastle, in his 1658 book on horses and horsemanship, La MÈthode Nouvelle et Invention Extraordinaire de Dresser Les Chevaux. C.M. Prior [History of the Royal Studs] has since made a case for this horse probably having been born in England, possibly by an imported sire and out of a mare of any number of possible lineages, but most likely Spanish or Italian barb. Although the Duke reported his purchase price was £500, the actual document shows his price to have been £165, which Prior points out would argue against him being a pricey import, the cost alone of bringing him to England at that time would have far exceeded that amount. Further, the Markham Arabian was "...trained up for a Course, when he came to Run, every Horse Beat him," which would have been more likely for the offspring of an imported horse, rather than a valuable breeding stallion. The Duke described him as a "...Little Horse and no Rarity for shape, for I have seen Many English Horses far Finer." Further, Prior has shown that horses derived from oriental bloodlines had been imported into England from well back into the previous century, both as gifts to the royal stud and as purchase, many from the famed Gonzaga studs near Mantua and the stud of the Duke of Savoy, and were primarily derived from North African barb stock and Andalusian genet breeding. Tracing the sparse documentation over the centuries, Prior makes a case for showing most of the so-called Royal Mares seen in the GSB were descendants of such horses, periodically augmented by additional gifts and purchases, and not necessarily all of oriental breeding, certainly not imported oriental breeding. A son of the Markham Arabian, Frisell, was apparently a stallion at the Tutbury royal stud in 1649. To date, no further information regarding his influence on the breed has surfaced.
SIRE: Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: The Ruby Mare by (Hutton's) Blacklegs - mare by Bay Bolton - mare by Fox Cub - mare by Coneyskins - mare by Hutton's Grey Barb - mare by Hutton's Royal Colt - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Bustler - mare by a Barb - mare by Dodsworth.
Brown 1750. Bred by John Hutton, Marske Hall, Yorkshire and, as a foal, exchanged for a chestnut arabian with the Duke of Cumberland. Ran when Sedbury, Matchem, other good horses were on the turf. He won the Jockey Club Plate in 1754 at Newmarket in May, beating Pytho and Brilliant, and a 300 guineas match against Gower's Ginger in October there. In 1755 he was beaten by Brilliant and Syphon in a race at Newmarket, and apparently did not run the rest of that year. In 1756, at Newmarket, he was beaten in two successive 1,000 guineas matches against Snap (by Snip). Retired to the Cumberland stud until the Duke's death in 1765, when he was sold for a small sum, "...being considered a very indifferent stallion," later purchased by William Wildman for 20 guineas. When son Eclipse showed what he could do on the turf, Marske suddenly became "the most popular stallion in England," and was sold for 1,000 guineas to the Earl of Abingdon, who sent him to his stud. Although his fee increased to 100 guineas, he attracted a high class book of mares there. In addition to Eclipse, his best get included the excellent and popular sire Young Marske (see below); the good racehorses Narcissus (1771); Hephestion (1771, Jockey Club Plate, Craven Stakes); Leviathan (1771, later Mungo, also a good sire); Shark (1771, top racehorse, indifferent sire in England and sent to U.S. where he was successful as a broodmare sire), Pontac (sire of Derby winner Sir Thomas). His best daughters were Masquerade (1771), an outstanding racemare who beat the colts on many occasions; Desdemona (1770), dam of the racehorse Apothecary and third dam of Oaks and 1,000 Guineas winner Neva (1814); Magnolia (1771, Family 5), and Prosperine (1766, Family 12). Died in July of 1779.
(Young) Marske
SIRE: Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: mare by Blank - Bay Starling by Bolton Starling - Meynell by (Old) Partner - mare by Greyhound - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian - mare by Whiteshirt - mare by Old Montagu - mare by (Old) Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal Mare (Family 12).
Bay 1771. Bred by John Holmes of Yorkshire, raced (briefly) by Augustus Henry Fitzroy, (3rd) Duke of Grafton, sold to John Hutton who installed him at Marske Hall stud, Yorkshire, the birthplace of his famous sire. Lamed in his first race, but it did not stop a highly successful stud career and a long life; he died at age 29 in October of 1800. Among the more successful of his many offspring were a 1786 unnamed mare important in Family 7; Sylvia (1783), Catherine (1786) and Mary (1797) seen in different branches of Family 8; a 1785 mare seen in Family 16; Contessina (1787) in Family 19; Moorpout (1777, dam of Zanga and Sportsman) in Family 49; the racehorses and sires Ruler (1777, winner of the St. Leger), Fortitude (1778), Patriot (1787), and Shuttle (1793). Others of over 30 listed in the GSB include brothers Abba Thulle (1786) and Spanker (1787), who were both sent to Russia; Columbine (1783) and her brother the good racehorse Prince Lee Boo (1784).
SIRE: Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Partner- Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1748.
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: mare byTartar - mare by Mogul - mare by (Bolton) Sweepstakes - sister to Sloven by Bay Bolton - mare by (Old/Curwen's) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb Vintner mare (Family 9).
Chesntut 1778. Bred by Dennis O'Kelly out the great Tartar mare who also produced Whitenose, Volunteer and Queen Mab. Sold to the third Earl Egremont, for whom he ran as a moderately successful racehorse, in 1783 winning a 4 mile sweep at Basingstoke, placing third in the Craven Stakes at Newmarket, and winning a King's Plate at Lewes, in the latter beating Diomed, who broke down during that race. As a stallion at Egremont's seat, Petworth, he was a good sire of classic winners and other top racehorses, including Gohanna (1790, also sire); Hippolyta (1787, Oaks winner); Platina (1792, Oaks winner); Proteus (1788); Rogue (1792); Hermes (1790); Silver (1789, good racehorse, later sent to U.S.), and a dozen or so more. Often crossed on mares by Herod or his son, Woodpecker.
(Old) Merlin
DAM: Not Stated.
Bred by Sir Matthew Pierson of Yorkshire (breeder of the great Bay Bolton), and run by Pierson and/or his neighbor and racing confederate Sir William Strickland (breeder of Grey Hautboy, sire of Bay Bolton). Probably born about 1694 or earlier, since he was a stud at least as early as 1703, his earliest listed son (Bethell's) Castaway having been born in 1704. Won a famous match, after a "secret" trial, against an unnamed horse of Tregonwell Frampton's, possibly Spider or Poutz ("famous Newmarket horses"), at Newmarket, the date of the race unrecorded, but believed to have been run around 1702. The match has passed into racing legend, and is the subject of a verse, "Little Merlin," its importance lying in the vast sums that were wagered and lost, and in the rivalry between the northern supporters of Merlin and the southern supporters of his unnamed foe. Purportedly the ruinous effects on so many people who bet on this race spurred an Act of Parliament limiting the recovery of excessive sums bet upon horse racing. Merlin also ran against Bay Bolton at Newmarket, after the latter's sale to the Duke of Bolton, a race he lost. Retired to Strickland's stud. Sired the aforementioned Castaway, thus great-grandsire of the famous racemare Bald Charlotte (1721, Family 40) and her siblings; Woodcock (one of several with that name), and the foundation mare of Family 26. Probably also the sire of the foundation mare of Family 55.
(Ancaster) Merlin (sometimes Marlin)
DAM: Not Stated.
Chestnut c.1705. Stood in the stud of the fourth Earl Lindsey, later Duke of Ancaster (1716), whose seat was in Lincolnshire. Important in Family 28, where is his daughters are erroneously ascribed by some sources to (Old) Merlin. He sired the sisters Virgin (1712, dam of Miss Hip--racemare and ancestress of Emilius; the winning colt Grey Ward; and the unnamed ancestress of Lady Thigh) and the Darling Mare (17--, dam of the Turnstall mare), the sisters Sweetlips mare (17--, dam of Dainty by (Old) Pert) and Rusty mare (17--, dam of the racehorse and sire Young Pert, 1719, sometimes called Buckhunter). He is also early seen in Family 14, largely generated in the Ancaster stud, in the Merlin One-Eyed mare (1723) and Creeping Kate (1722). He also sired the racemare Miss Pert (1725) from the Musick Mare, also in the Ancaster stud.
SIRE: Second - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare (sister to Blank) by Godolphin Arabian - Amoret (Little Hartley mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Williams' Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - GreyWhynot by (Old) Whynot - Royal mare (Family 15).
Bay 1748. In-bred 3 x 3 to Darley Arabian. Bred and raced by Sir John Moore. Ran in the mid 1750s: fell lame in the first heat of the King's Plate for six year olds at Canterbury in 1754, won by Cato. May have stood at the stud of first Baron Chedworth. Sired Young Merlin (1757, racehorse, sire); Leopardess (1760, dam of Termagant and Comedy); the racehorse and sire Prospero (1758); the racehorse Petit Maitre (1766), the unnamed dam of Meteor (see below) and her sister, dam of the good racemare Sappho (1778, by Turf), and about dozen more.
SIRE: Mambrino - Engineer - Sampson - Blaze - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line. DAM: Mare by Turf - sister to Figurante by Regulus - mare by (Ancaster) Starling - mare (Snap's dam) by Fox - Gipsey by Bay Bolton - mare by Duke of Newcastle's Turk - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Taffolet Barb - mare by Place's White Turk - Tregonwell Natural Barb mare (Family 1).
Grey 1780. Probably bred by Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor, who owned his sire and dam, although his breeding is sometimes credited to John Pratt of Askrigg, who was an original member of the Jockey Club. Sold to Thomas Bullock and ran for him 1783-1785, primarily in matches at distances around 2 1/2 miles, seldom more, beating such horses as Spectre and Pyrrhus. Imported into the U.S. in 1788 by a "Sir Thomas" Benger, who established a residence in Bristol, near Philadelphia; sold around 1793 to Henry Astor of New York, later owned in partnership, and then solely by Cornelilus Van Ranst. Recognized as a superior sire while still living, he was buried with great pomp on Long Island when he died at age 28. Sired the good race horses Tippoo Saib (1795), (Van Ranst's) Potomac and other colts. His nearly undefeated daughter, Miller's Damsel (1802) went on in the stud to produce American Eclipse (1814). Having inherited the ability to sire fast trotting and coach horses in the sire line back to Blaze, he eventually was recognized as the most important progenitor of the American Standardbred, (Rysdyk's) Hambletonian (1849) being a tail-male descendant who carred two other strains of Messenger.
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch.
DAM: Mare by Merlin - Mother Pratt by Marksman - mare by Brother to Mixbury - mare by Bald Galloway - mare by King William's No-tongued Barb - mare by (Rutland's) Blacklegs (Family 7).
Chestnut 1783. Bred and run by Richard, (1st) Earl of Grosvenor. Long-running and successful son of Eclipse, on the turf between 1786 and 1790, five years. Placed second to Noble in the Derby of 1786; at age 4 he won a sweep at Newmarket over three miles for 300 guineas, and beat Fidget in several matches; at age 5 He won a Gold Cup at Oxford over 4 miles and the Prince of Wales' Stakes at Newmarket Second Spring. In 1789, age 6, he had a heavy schedule, his wins including the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket, a subscription plate at Brighton; the King's Plate over 4 miles at Lewes, and also at Lewes won a Subscription Race over 4 miles, followed immediately by the 4 mile Ladies' Plate, which he also won, both times carrying heavy weight. In 1790 he won a match against Scotia at Newmarket. Retired in 1791 to Grosvenor's stud. Sired, among other horses, Madame Corde (1793), Moonshine (1794), Sparkler (1794), Meteora (1802, Oaks winner), Musidora (1804, second dam of Pantaloon (1824)).
Mixbury (also Mixbury Galloway)
DAM: Mare by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
Brown/Bay c. 1704. Bred by Henry Curwen - Charles Pelham partnership (see Family 9). Sold to Richard Minshull of Buckinghamshire. He was a "very highly formed Galloway...only 13 hands 2 inches high, and yet there were not more than two horses of his time that could beat him." Sired the 13 hand-3 inch Harlequin (1719), probably a racehorse, and sire of a horse called Little-Thought-On (1736). Also got the dam of a Morton's Arabian mare (1753, Family 8), ancestress of Beeswing (1833) and, through a different branch, Tipple Cyder (1788). This same Mixbury daughter also produced the racehorse and sire (Bay) Ranger (1749), who stood at the Hutton stud at Marske in Yorkshire, and sired the colt (Hutton's) Arbitrator (1766). Mixbury's full (unnamed) sisters are prominent in Family 9, one the dam of (Old) Partner and Soreheels, the other of (Bolton) Sloven and Quiet, and another sister, Whiteneck was a racehorse and later broodmare in the second Earl of Godolphin's stud, grandam of the racehorses Doctor and Flirt. His brother, (Chedworth's) Brother to Mixbury sired the mare Little Bowes who produced some good racehorses for the Marske stud and was ancestress to Dormouse (1757) and Hyder Ally (1765), and also got an unnamed daughter who was the dam of Mother Pratt (1748) by Marksman.
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Sachrissa (Large Hartley Mare) by Hartley's Blind Horse - Flying Whigg by Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by (Old) Whynot - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bay 1735. Bred by Lord Godolphin at Babraham, Cambridgeshire, and sold to the Duke of Bolton in 1739. Sired Lord Rockingham's Whistlejacket, a racehorse immortalized in the famous painting by Stubbs; Young Mogul from the dam of Bolton Sweepstakes; a mare early in line descent in Family 64.
DAM: Mare by Curwen's Bay Barb - mare by Byerley Turk - an Arabian mare.
Bay 1725. Bred by the third Viscount of Lonsdale, and raced under his colors. In 1730 he beat Fearnought, Polly and other good horses in a 700 guineas (or 800 or 900, depending on the source reporting) sweep at Newmarket for 5 year olds. In 1731 he won the King's Plate at Knavesmire, York. Although some sources say he only ran twice, he was slated to run a 300 guineas 4 mile match against Looby in 1735, which was settled by his forfeit of 150 guineas. Purchased to the U.S. in 1737 by Nathaniel Harrison of Virginia; stood at the Harrison estate at Brandon for some years, later sent to North Carolina. Seen in early American pedigrees, one daughter a taproot of Family A31.
(Old) Montagu
See Old Montagu.
SIRE: (Hutton's) Blacklegs - HUTTON BAY BARB (MULSO BAY TURK).
DAM: Mare by Surley - mare by Coneyskins - the Fen Mare by Hutton's Royal Colt - mare by Blunderbuss - Old Thornton mare by Place's White Turk - a Barb mare.
Grey 1740. Bred by John Hutton at Marske, Yorkshire, sold to the Earl of Portmore, later to Mr. Rogers. Successful racehorse, as was his brother, Black Chance (1732), he ran between 1744 and 1749, winning at York, Grantham (Lincs.), Nottingham, Huntingdon, Oxford, Windsor, Berkshire, Odsey Herfordshire, Epsom, Lincoln, Wells--two of his more important wins were a 300 guineas match against Blank at Newmarket when he was 7, and the Town Plate at Salisbury, when he was 8. Sired a colt, also named Moorcock, for Sir William Middleton, who ran in 1755 at Derby.
SIRE: Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Georgina by Matchem - mare by Snap - Diana by Cullen Arabian - (Grisewood's) Lady Thigh by (Old) Partner - mare by (Old) Greyhound - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian - mare by Whiteshirt - mare by Old Montagu - mare by Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal mare (Family 12).
Bay 1791. Bred by Augustus Fitzroy, (3rd) Duke of Grafton; ran for a Mr. Sitwell. Ran at Newmarket (first called Galileo) in the 1790s against top company, not as successfully as his pedigree promised. Sired the good race colts and brothers Ptarmigan (1800) and Plunder (1803), Heathpoult (1801), the filly Danceaway (1801).
Morwick Ball
SIRE: Regulus - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Traveller - Young Nanny by Hartley's Blind Horse - Northern Nanny by Highland Laddie - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 41). This horse did not have Grasshopper, erroneously shown in GSB, in his pedigree.
Chestnut 1762. Bred and raced by Stephen Vevers who had a stud in Yorkshire, his dam purchased at the sale of Cuthbert Routh's Yorkshire stud after Routh's death. Well-known racehorse in the north, almost always ridden by Michael Mason, he ran at Kanvesmire, York, and elsewhere, against horses like Gimcrack, up through 1769. Moderately successful sire, he got Young Morwick (1775, sire of Curanto 1791, Gustavus, 1785 and a dozen others), the dam (c.179-) of Prince de Cobourg, Parlington (1780), Pellegrine (1784), Doctor Nim (1784), Miss Tippet (1782), Myrtle (1780), No-no (1784) and Icelander (1773, won 18 races, near 16 hands "of great bone, size, strength and beauty.").
SIRE: (Chedworth's) Foxhunter - (Cole's) Foxhunter - Brisk - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: mare by Portland Arabian - mare by Richard's Arabian.
Chestnut 1746. Bred by the first Baron Chedworth. Sired the racehorse Pharoah (1753), the top racehorse and sire Otho (1760), and the filly Bay Susan (1759, dam of Carlisle's Squirrel and Herodia by Herod), plus a few others.
SIRE: Fitz Herod - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Infant - Miss Slamerkin by Whittington -sister to Othello by (Old) Crab - Miss Slamerkin by Young True Blue - mare by Oxford Dun Arabian - Black-legged Royal Mare (Family 7).
Bay 1783. Bred by the Prince of Wales and sold to Richard Vernon at age 3. Ran for seven years, 1786-1792, excepting 1789. Won matches at ages 3 and 4 at Newmarket; in 1788 won the Craven Stakes at Newmarket and a 450 guineas match against Fidget at Newmarket First Spring, losing later that spring to the same horse in a second match. Sold in 1789 to the Duke of Bedford, and did not run that year. Between 1790 and 1792, he won several high stakes matches, a handicap sweep at Newmarket October of 1790, and the Craven Stakes at Newmarket in 1791. Retired in 1792, age 9, from the turf. Sired Ballarina (1797), Earby (1798) in England; sent to the U.S. in 1799, purchased by John Tayloe of Virginia.
Muley Ishmael (Cumberland Grey Arabian)
History not noted in GSB. Owned by the Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, got a filly (1754) from Miss Barforth, and a racehorse, Muley (1753, won one race) and his unnamed sister (1756) from Young Ebony, all for the Duke.
Muley Moloch
SIRE: John Bull - Fortitude - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mistletoe by Pot-8-Os - Maid of the Oaks by Herod - Rarity by Matchem - Snapdragon by Snap - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - mare by Honeywood's Arabian - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 3).
Chestnut 1798. Bred by the Earl of Darlington. Ran from 1800-1803. At age 2 won a sweep for 100 guineas; at age 3, won 90 guineas at Catterick over two miles, a 2 mile match for 200 guineas against Doodle at York, a 60 guinea purse at the Spring Meeting, and a sweep for 200 guineas, beating Quiz and other good horses. At age 4 he won a handicap sweep at Newmarket, and the four mile Cup at Pontrefract. He lost his first race in 1803, a match against Bobtail, and retired. Got a filly, Madam (1755), from a Young Belgrade mare, and not much else.

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