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  Family 13: Royal Mare (Sedbury Royal Mare)

As noted in other sections of Heritage, the appellation "royal mare" was a name used to describe a number of mares in the Sedbury stud of the D'Arcy family (both father and son, named James), and occasionally of mares derived from the Royal Stud at Tutbury (dispersed by Cromwell) or later, at Hampton Court. Most historians agree that the use of the term "royal" for at least some of these mares derives from the 1661 agreement between James D'Arcy (the elder), the king's Master of the Horse, and Charles II, for D'Arcy to provide colts to the king from mares of his (D'Arcy's) "own breed." The "names" of mares during this period were often passed from generation to generation, without change, except, perhaps for adding the prefix "Old" to the dam of a mare by the same name, or "Young" for a daughter. Thus, the term "royal" in a mare's name during the latter half of the seventeenth century, generally indicated a mare was probably a tail-female descendent of a mare from the pre-Cromwellian studs, or a mare of unknown tail-female descent--but of the "D'Arcy breed" used to produce foals as part of the agreement between Charles II and James D'Arcy the elder.

The early history of this family is recorded in the 1716 - 1752 stud book of Cuthbert Routh, a breeder in North Yorkshire, whose later stud was located near Bedale in North Riding, published by C.M. Prior in Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse (London: The Sportsman Office, 1924). In it, the pedigree of a 1716 grey mare, Creeper, whom Routh purchased from James D'Arcy (the younger) is testified by D'Arcy, who bred several generations of the family, and contradicts what is recorded in the General Stud Book. The information here and in the reference chart has been adjusted to reflect those corrections.

Grey Royal is the earliest mare noted in the D'Arcy pedigree of Creeper in the Routh stud book; according to the GSB, she was by the D'Arcy Yellow Turk and out of a "royal mare." Grey Royal probably dates to the 1680s. Her daughter, by the D'Arcy White Turk, produced four fillies who are at the roots of the family: Kitt D'Arcy's Royal Mare, a 1719 filly called Duchess by the Newcastle Turk, and two mares by Makeless, one of whom is referred to as Sir Ralph Milbanke's "famous black mare." The Kitt D'Arcy Royal mare and the Milbanke Makeless mare, and probably the second filly by Makeless, were bred by James D'Arcy at Sedbury. D'Arcy's testimony notes the Kitt D'Arcy mare and Sir Ralph Milbanke's black "Royal mare" were half-sisters, in contradiction to the GSB, which listed Milbanke's mare as a daughter of the Kitt D'Arcy mare.

A mare called Grey Royal was in the stud of Conyers, Lord D'Arcy of Hornby Castle, in 1620, as recorded "...in his own hand on the fly-leaf of his copy of Markham's Materpeece [sic](Edition of 1610)." Prior presents a case for this female line, the individuals in it probably always called Grey Royal, continuing through the generations of D'Arcys and horses to the mare, Grey Royal, recorded in the Routh stud book.

It appears from the GSB that the Milbanke Makeless mare, from whom the modern family descends, came into the possession of Captain Leonard Hartley, who is credited in the GSB as the breeder of her offspring: Hartley's Blind Horse, a filly by Soreheels, and Gipsy, a filly by King William's Black No-tongued Barb. It's probable the mare was managed by Sir Ralph Milbanke, a brother-in-law of Cuthbert Routh's, and was physically located at his stud in Halnaby, Yorkshire.

Some historians link this family with that of Family 7, Family 11, and possibly Family 4. This is briefly discussed on the Family 7 page.

Royal Mare's Known Produce:

Sedbury Royal Mare. Dam of
  Grey Royal by D'Arcy's Yellow Turk. Dam of
    Mare by D'Arcy's White Turk. Dam of
       Kitt D'Arcy's Royal Mare by Blunderbuss. Dam of
         Old Royal (c. 1712) by Holderness Turk
         Mare by Duke of Rutland's Grey Arabian
         Mare by Hautboy
       Mare by Makeless. Dam of
         Mare by Rutland Black Barb.
       Milbanke's Black Mare by Makeless. Dam of
         Hartley's Blind Horse (c. 1712) by Holderness Turk
         Mare by Soreheels
         Gipsy by King William's No-Tongued Barb
       Duchess (ch.f. 1719) by Newcastle Turk. Dam of
         Hampton Court Childers by Flying Childers.
         Sister to Hampton Court Childers by Flying Childers.


Family #13 Oaks Winners

Mendicant Monade
Mendicant Monade

1784 STELLA b.f. 1781
(Plunder - Miss Euston)

1799 BELLINA ch.f. 1796
(Rockingham - Anna)

1846 MENDICANT br.f. 1843
(Touchstone - Lady Moore Carew)

1962 MONADE br.f. 1959
(Klairon - Mormyre)

Family #13 Derby Winners

John Bull Beadsman
John Bull Beadsman
George Frederick Shotover
George Frederick Shotover

1792 JOHN BULL ch.c. 1789
(Fortitude - Xantippe)

1844 ORLANDO b.c. 1841
(Touchstone - Vulture)

1858 BEADSMAN br.c. 1855
(Weatherbit - Mendicant)

1874 GEORGE FREDERICK ch.c. 1871
(Marsyas - The Princess of Wales)

1882 SHOTOVER ch.f. 1879
(Hermit - Stray Shot)

2000 SINNDAR b.c. 1997
(Grand Lodge - Sinnatara)

Family #13 St. Leger Winners

Elis Fairway
Elis Fairway
  Black Tarquin
Black Tarquin

1806 FYLDENER b.c. 1803
(Sir Peter Teazle - Fanny)

1836 ELIS ch.c. 1833
(Langar - Olympia)

1928 FAIRWAY b.c. 1925
(Phalaris - Scapa Flow)

1948 BLACK TARQUIN br.c. 1945
(Rhodes Scholar - Vagrancy)

1969 INTERMEZZO b.c. 1966
(Hornbeam - Plaza)

1998 NEDAWI ch.c. 1995
(Rainbow Quest - Wajd)

Family #13 Other Family Members

Le Fabuleux
Le Fabuleux
Mr. Prospector
Mr. Prospector
Image Courtesy Tony Leonard
Palace Music
Palace Music
Scapa Flow
Scapa Flow
Seattle Slew
Seattle Slew
Image Courtesy Tony Leonard
Worden II

Dahlia ch. f. 1970
(Vaguely Noble- Charming Alibi)
Champion European 3 year old, twice Horse of the Year in England, and Champion Grass Horse in the U.S., she won 15 of her 35 races in 5 different countries during her five year career, among them the Washington D.C. International Stakes, the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (twice), the Gold Cup at York (twice), the Canadian International Champion Stakes at Woodbine, the Irish Oaks. She was also a top broodmare, dam of Dahar (Prix Lupin, stakes winner in California), Rivlia (top handicapper in U.S.), Llandaff (Jersey Stakes), Wajd (stakeswinner in France, dam of St. Leger winner Nedawi).

Darshaan b. c. 1981
(Shirley Heights - Delsy)
Good staying winner of several Grade I and Grade II races in France, including the 2400 meter Prix du Jockey Club (beating Sadler's Wells) and the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, in all 5 wins from 8 races at ages 2 and 3, becoming in 1984 Champion 3 year old in France and Champion 3 year old stayer in Europe. Sired classic winner Mark of Esteem, Key Change, Cerulean Sky and Kotashaan, and an important broodmare sire, his daughters producing horses such as Greek Dance Enzeli, Alborada, Sendawar.

Djeddah ch. c. 1945
(Djebel - Djezima)
Won eight races between the ages of two and four in France (Prix Daphnis et ChloeCriterium de Maisons-Lafitte) and England (Eclipse Stakes, Champion Stakes and others). Sent to stud in the U.S., he got the top class race filly Lalun (dam of Never Bend), and other good broodmares.

Duchess ch.f. 1719
(Newcastle Turk - Grey Royal)
Probably bred by the D'Arcy family, she is one of the earliest known mares in the family. Successfully raced by the Duke of Devonshire at Newmarket in the 1720s, she was retired to the Duke's stud, where she produced the useful sire, known as the Hampton Court Childers (by Flying Childers) and his unnamed sister, who was sold to Ireland and there produced the influential champion Irish stallion Ground Ivy (1737).

Fairway br. c. 1925
(Phalaris - Scapa Flow)
High-strung winner of the St. Leger, Champion Stakes (twice), Jockey Club Cup, Eclipse Stakes, and seven other races between ages 2 and 4. Despite standing at the same time and in the same stud as Hyperion, he was leading sire in England four times. His offspring included four winners of the 2,000 Guineas--Pay Up, Blue Peter (also Epsom Derby), Kingsway, and Garden Path; his other classic winners included Tideway (1,000 Guineas); Watling Street (Derby); Fair Trial (top sprinter and sire of Palestine and Court Martial, among others); Honeyway (Champion Stakes, good sire); Fair Copy (Middle Park Stakes, got Sayani, Orfeo, Pactole, and other top runners); The Yuvaraj, (good sire in Argentina).

Highflyer b.c. 1774
(Herod - Rachel)
Unbeaten racehorse and most significant stallion of his era.

Le Fabuleux ch. c. 1961
(Wild Risk - Anguar)
Best of his generation in France at age 3, his wins included the Prix du Jockey Club. Tall horse, 17 hands, sturdily built, and with a huge stride. Leading sire of Broodmares in France, his offspring included the unbeaten three year old Meneval (Irish St. Leger and the Nijinsky Stakes); the decent handicapper Effervescing; French race filly and producer Fabuleux Jane (dam of Fabuleux Dancer).

Mendicant b.f. 1843
(Touchstone - Lady Moore Carew)
Won the 1,000 Guineas and the Epsom Oaks at age 3, and several races at age 4, including a match race against Conspiracy (filly, a match race specialist). Sent to Sir Joseph Hawley's stud, where she produced Beadsman (Derby, and sire of Blue Gown, Rosicrucian, Greensleve, The Palmer and Pero Gomez, among others), and daughter Vaga, who bred on (second dam of Derby winner Shotover).

Mr. Prospector b. c. 1970
(Raise a Native - Gold Digger)
Long-lived dominant U.S. sire of latter years, he won seven of his fourteen starts, including setting a track record at Gulfstream for six furlongs that stood until 1999. In the stud, leading sire in the U.S. in 1987 and 1988, also top of the list of sires of juveniles twice, his foals' primary metier being the mile. His many significant offspring include Conquistador Cielo (1982 Horse of the Year, sire of Marquetry and others); It's in the Air (champion 2 year old filly in U.S.); Fappiano (Metropolitan Handicap, sire of champion Unbridled, and sire of sires); Crafty Prospector (consistent sire of stakes winners); Miswaki (brilliant two year old, sire of 1991 Horse of the Year Black Tie Affair and others); Seeking the Gold (top sire, including son Dubai Millennium); Woodman (sire English champions Bosra Sham, Mujtahid, and many others); Forty Niner (Travers Stakes, sire of Coronado's Quest, Editor's Note and others); Gone West (Dwyer Stakes, sire of Zafonic); Machiavellian, Kingmambo, El Condor Pasa and many others.

Myrtlewood b. f. 1932
(Blue Larkspur - Frizeur)
Speedy filly won fifteen races betwen the ages of two and four, including the Hawthorne Sprint Cup twice, Lakeside Handicap, Quickstep Handicap, and others. Top broodmare in the U.S., she produced the good race filly Miss Dogwood who in her turn was a producer of top running fillies, including Bella Figura; the excellent producer Spring Beauty; Duranza, Champion Two Year Old filly in the U.S. and a good producer; Crepe Myrtle, dam of the top juvenile Myrtle Charm, dam of good stakeswinners and ancestress of Seattle Slew.

Orlando b. c. 1841
(Touchstone - Vulture)
"Singularly elegant and Handsome," he won the Derby Stakes, the Riddlesworth, Ham and July Stakes at ages 2 and 3, broke down running in the Emperor of Russia's Plate at Ascot. In the stud got a number of top horses, mostly milers: Teddington (Derby, Ascot Gold Cup, Doncaster Cup), Trumpeter (Biennial at Newmarket; sire of Queen's Messenger and other good racehorses), Fitz-Roland (2,000 Guineas, St. James Palace Stakes), Imperieuse (1,000 Guineas and St. Leger), Eurydice (Cambridgeshire Stakes), and other stakes winners and producers.

Palace Music ch. c. 1981
(The Minstrel - Come My Prince)
Striking chestnut who won or placed in 15 of his 21 starts, including winning the Dubai Champion Stakes at Newmarket (G1), the Bay Meadows Handicap (G2), and the John Henry Stakes (G1), and placing second in the Breeders' Cup Mile. A good middle-distance runner who won on dirt and turf, known for his finishing sprints. Champion sire in the U.S. in 1995, largely due to son Cigar; sired horses in the U.S., New Zealand and Australia, including Naturalism (AJC Derby, VRC Derby, etc., sire), Anthems, Ready to Explode.

Scapa Flow (ch. f. 1914)
(Chaucer - Anchora)
Highly influential broodmare, she herself won only 3 events, the most significant being the Scarborough Stakes at Newmarket. Produced Fairway (St. Leger, Leading sire in England), Fair Isle (1,000 Guineas winner), Pharos (leading sire in France and Great Britain, see above) and other winners and producers.

Seattle Slew dk.b./br. c. 1974
(Bold Reasoning - My Charmer)
Won 14 of his 17 races in top company, ages 2 to 4, placed twice. Winner of the U.S. Triple Crown, and Champion at age 2, age 3, and age 4. Sons included Horse of the Year and Champion 3 year old A.P. Indy (also sire); Champion 3 year old and Champion older horse Slew O' Gold (also sire); Champion 3 year old Swale (also sire); Champion 2 year old Capote (also sire); Champion 2 year old Digression (also sire). Daughters included Champion 2 year old filly Landaluce and top race filly Surfside. A proven sire of sires and top broodmare sire, he also got a number of other multi-million dollar stakes winners and top racehorses who won in Europe, Japan, the U.S.

Sir Archy b.c. 1805
(Diomed - Castianira)
Champion racehorse and significant early American sire.

Tourbillon b. c. 1928
(Ksar - Durban)
Near, but not the top of his generation in France, he won 6 of his 12 races at ages 2 and 3, including Prix Greffulhe, Prix Lupin, and the Prix du Jockey Club. Highly influential sire world-wide, he headed the sire list in France three times. Offspring included Ambiorix (Grand Criterium, Prix Grefulhe, Prix Lupin, sire in the U.S.); Djebel (2,000 Guineas, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, leading sire in France); Goya II (winner in France, Germany and England, and good sire); Tornado (top of his generation in France); Le Volcan (sire in Columbia); Caracalla (Grand Prix de Paris, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe); Coarze (Prix du Jockey Club, sire in France and Brazil); Timor (Prix Hocquart, sire in Argentina).

Worden II ch. c. 1949
(Wild Risk - Sans Tares)
Attractive, with high running action, he won in France, Italy and the U.S., including the Washington International at Laurel Park. Among the top sires in France, later sent to stud in Great Britain; leading broodmare sire in France and England, his get included the top french racehorse of his generation, Angers; Barquette (Prix de Diane); Armistice (Grand Prix de Paris); Golden Fire (Chester Cup, Goodwood Stakes, Cesarewitch); Delmare (Ascot Stakes), and many others.

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