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  Family 4: Layton Barb Mare

The entry for this mare in the GSB is titled "Layton (Violet) Barb Mare" with no parentage given. Five foals are listed as her known produce, all bred by James D'Arcy, which puts her as a resident of the famous Sedbury Stud, near Richmond in Northern Yorkshire.

The Layton Barb Mare was apparently a daughter of a stallion known as the Layton Barb (some sources say this was the same horse as the Shaftesbury Turk). Layton was an ancient manor near Sedgefield, County Durham, that passed to the Conyers family in marriage in the mid-sixteenth century. In the late seventeenth century and through 1714, Layton belonged to John Conyers (died 1690) and then his second son, Thomas Conyers (died 1714). This family was related, through marriage to the D'Arcy family via James D'Arcy's grandfather, Conyers, Lord Darcy, 4th Lord Conyers and heir of Hornby Castle, the owner of the mare Grey Royal apparently given him by the King's Master of the Horse, George Villiers, the (first) Duke of Buckingham. Given that information, she was probably bred by a member of the D'Arcy family although her dam remains unknown. It's worth noting that Mr. Burton's Natural Barb Mare, founder of Family #2, was also referred to as "Mr. Burton's Violet Barb Mare (in Lord D'Arcy's Stud)," which may mean the two mares were related, or one and the same.

The Layton Barb Mare's foals, sired by Dodsworth, Lonsdale Counsellor, and Brimmer place her as being alive in the latter quarter of the 1600s, which puts the identity of her alleged daughter, the filly Young Violet Layton, with her birth date listed as "about 1715", in question. Anything prior to 1700 would have made her dam a very old mare at the time of that filly's birth, so it's possible that either Young Violet Layton's birth date is very wrong (not likely due to her own produce, born between 1719 and 1736) or that she was more likely a granddaughter of the Layton Barb Mare instead of a daughter.

The Layton Barb Mare's recorded produce included three fillies and two colts. Her unnamed daughter by Dodsworth (standing at Hampton Court) produced a daughter by Place's White Turk and a filly by D'Arcy's own stallion Hautboy. The former, sometimes known as Trumpet's Dam, produced a filly by Brimmer (also bred by D'Arcy), which became the property of John Croft (erroneously referred to as Crofts in the GSB), and through which this family carries into the future, through Bay Layton, Brown Farewell, and a sister to Brown Farewell.

The Layton Barb Mare's sons included D'Arcy's Counsellor, a colt by Lonsdale Counsellor, and Burford Bull, a colt by Brimmer. D'Arcy's Counsellor was important as the sire of the mare Bay Layton, out of a Brimmer mare from this same #4 family (see above).

A second daughter of the Layton Barb Mare, a filly by Brimmer, had no produce of record. A third daughter (if indeed, not a granddaughter) of the Layton Barb Mare, foaled about 1715 and sired by D'Arcy's Chesnut Arabian, was named Young Violet Layton, in reference to her female line. For Leonard Hartley, she produced the mare Mad Darcy, by D'Arcy's Woodcock, among her eight foals.

Layton Barb Mare's Known Produce
f. by Dodsworth. Dam of
     "Trumpet's dam" f. by Place's White Turk
     f. by Brimmer
     f. by Hautboy

D'Arcy's Counsellor, c. by Lonsdale's Counsellor. Sire
Burford Bull, c. by Brimmer
f. by Brimmer
Young Violet Layton f. about 1715 by Darcy's Chesnut Arabian (May have been a granddaughter of the Layton Barb mare)


Family #4 Oaks Winners

Medora Gulnare
Medora Gulnare
Our Nell Brigatine
Our Nell Brigatine
Gamos Miss Jummy
Gamos Miss Jummy
Love in Idleness Sicarelle
Love In Idleness Sicarelle
Bella Paola Never Too Late
Bella Paola Never Too Late

1788 NIGHTSHADE b. 1785
(Pot-8-Os - Cytherea)

1814 MEDORA ch. 1811
(Selim - Sir Harry mare)

1827 GULNARE b. 1824
(Smolensko - Medora)

1842 OUR NELL ch. 1839
(Bran - Fury)

1869 BRIGATINE b. 1866
(Buccaneer - Lady MacDonald)

1870 GAMOS ch. 1867
(Saunterer - Bess Lyon)

1874 APOLOGY ch. 1871
(Adventurer - Mandragora)

1881 THEBAIS ch. 1878
(Hermit - Devotion)

1886 MISS JUMMY b. 1883
(Petrarch - Lady Portland)

1887 REVE D'OR ch. 1884
(Hampton - Queen of the Roses)

1888 SEABREEZE ch. 1885
(Isonomy - St. Marguerite)

1907 GLASS DOLL b. 1904
(Isinglass - Fota)

1921 LOVE IN IDLENESS br. 1918
(Bachelor's Double - Cornfield)

1956 SICARELLE b. 1953
(Sicambre - Royale Maitresse)

1958 BELLA PAOLA b. 1955
(Ticino - Rhea)

1960 NEVER TOO LATE ch. 1957
(Never Say Die - Gloria Nicky)

1974 POLYGAMY b. 1971
(Reform - Seventh Bride)

1981 BLUE WIND ch. 1978
(Lord Gayle - Azurine)

1994 BALANCHINE ch. 1991
(Storm Bird - Morning Devotion)

2001 IMAGINE 1998
(Sadler's Wells - Doff the Derby)

2007 LIGHT SHIFT 2004
(Kingmambo - Lingerie)

Family #4 Derby Winners

Blucher Thormanby
Blucher Thormanby
Kisber Common
Kisber Common
Sir Visto Rock Sand
Sir Visto Rock Sand
Durbar Coronach
Durbar Coronach

1798 SIR HARRY br. c. 1795
(Sir Peter Teazle - Matron)

1814 BLUCHER b. c. 1811
(Waxy - Pantina)

1860 THORMANBY ch. c. 1857
(Windhound - Alice Hawthorn)

1876 KISBER b. c. 1873
(Buccaneer - Mineral)

1881 IROQUOIS br. c. 1878
(Leamington - Maggie B.B.)

1891 COMMON br. c. 1888
(Isonomy - Thistle)

1895 SIR VISTO b.c. 1892
(Barcaldine - Vista)

1903 ROCK SAND br. c. 1900
(Sainfoin - Roquebrune)

1914 DURBAR b. c. 1911
(Rabelais - Armenia)

1926 CORONACH ch. c. 1923
(Hurry On - Wet Kiss)

1956 LAVANDIN b. c. 1953
(Verso - Lavande)

1984 SECRETO b. c. 1981
(Northern Dancer - Betty's Secret)

1990 QUEST FOR FAME b/br. c. 1987
(Rainbow Quest - Aryenne)

1991 GENEROUS ch. c. 1988
(Caerlon - Doff the Derby)

Family #4 St. Leger Winners

Stavely The Duchess
Stavely The Duchess
Chorister Seabreeze
Chorister Seabreeze
Throstle Woolwinder
Throstle Wool Winder
Talma Ribero
Talma Ribero

1805 STAVELY b. c. 1802
(Shuttle - Drone mare)

1816 THE DUCHESS b. f. 1813
(Cardinal York - Miss Nancy)

1820 ST. PATRICK ch. c. 1817
(Walton - Dick Andrews mare)

1831 CHORISTER b. c. 1828
(Lottery - Chorus mare)

1872 WENLOCK b. c. 1869
(Lord Clifden - Mineral)

1874 APOLOGY ch. f. 1871
(Adventurer - Mandragora)

1881 IROQUOIS br. c. 1878
(Leamington - Maggie B.B.)

1888 SEABREEZE ch.f. 1885
(Isonomy - St. Marguerite)

1891 COMMON br. c. 1888
(Isonomy - Thistle)

1894 THROSTLE b. f. 1891
(Petrarch - Thistle)

1895 SIR VISTO b.c. 1892
(Barcaldine - Vista)

1903 ROCK SAND br. c. 1900
(Sainfoin - Roquebrune)

1907 WOOL WINDER b.c. 1904
(Martagon - St. Windeline)

1926 CORONACH ch. c. 1923
(Hurry On - Wet Kiss)

1951 TALMA ch. c. 1948
(Pharis - Thaouka)

1967 RIBOCCO b. c. 1964
(Ribot - Libra)

1968 RIBERO b. c. 1965
(Ribot - Libra)

2002 BOLLIN ERIC b. c. 1999
(Shaamit - Bollin Zola)

Family #4 Other Members of the Family

Alice Hawthorne
Alice Hawthorne
Courtesy Tony Leonard
Flower Bowl
Flower Bowl
Gallant Fox
Gallant Fox
Mad Hatter
Mad Hatter
Man O' War
Man O'War
Sir Dixon
Sir Dixon
Whisk Broom II
Whisk Broom II

Alice Hawthorn b.f. 1838
(Muley-Moloch - Rebecca)
Top runner from 1841-1845, winning stakes and cups throughout England. Established significant branch line through daughter Lady Hawthorne; also dam of Thormanby.

Assault ch.c. 1943
(Bold Venture - Igual)
American Triple Crown winner, ran from ages 2-7, with 18 wins from 42 starts. Horse of the Year in 1946. Infertile with thoroughbred mares, although he sired a few foals when pastured with Quarter Horse mares at King Ranch in Texas.

Boudoir II gr.f. 1938
(Mahmoud - Kampala)
A refined race filly placed in Cur ragh's Irish 1,000 Guineas, in America she bred nine winners, including Flower Bed, My Host, Your Host and Your Hostess.

Bruleur (Fr) b.c. 1910
(Chouberski - Basse Terre)
Top European colt of his generation, he won the Grand Prix de Paris and the Prix Royal Oak, went on to become a significant sire. His progeny include Ksar, Pot au Feu, Brulette, Samos, Madrigal II, Finglas.

Cozzene gr.c. 1980
(Caro - Ride the Trails)
From ages 3-5 he won 10 of 24 starts, including the Breeder's Cup Mile and number of important stakes races. Has emerged as a strong American sire, his get includes Alphabet Soup, Environment Friend, Haste to Add, Cozzene's Prince.

Dan Cupid ch.c. 1956
(Native Dancer - Vixenette)
Sent to France to race, he won, among others, the Prix de Sablonville and the Prix de St. James. Sired 14 stakes winners, including the great Sea Bird, Dankara, Gift Card.

Epinard (Fr) ch.c. 1920
(Badajoz - Epine Blanche)
Top European winner of such races as Longchamp's Grand Criterium and the Steward's Cup at Goodwood, and valiant runner-up in two famous 1924 International Special races against America's best. Sire of many good stakes winners in U.S. and Europe, including Rodosto, Marica, Epithet, Hygro.

Fall Aspen ch.f. 1976
(Pretense - Change Water)
Won 8 of 20 starts from 2-4, including the Matron Stakes and the Prioress Stakes. KTDF Broodmare of the Year for 1994, she was dam of 9 stakes winners, including Colorado Dancer, Fort Wood, Timber Country, Hamas and Native Aspen.

Fanfreluche b.f. 1967
(Northern Dancer - Ciboulette)
Winner of 11 stakes races in the U.S. and Canada, including the Alabama Stakes. Champion 3 year old filly in America and Canada, her 12 winning foals included Medaille D'Or, L'Enjoleur, and La Voyageuse.

Flower Bowl b.f. 1952
Alibhai - Flower Bed)
Won at ages 3 and 4, including the Delaware Handicap and the Ladies Handicap at Aqueduct; she only had five foals, four of which won, including top juvenile filly Bowl of Flowers, Graustark (see) and His Majesty (see).

Graustark ch.c. 1963
(Ribot - Flower Bowl)
Injury ended his stakes-winning career (6 wins of 7 starts), possibly terminating his potential as "another Man O' War." Leading Broodmare Sire in England 1985. Sire of Key to the Mint, Avatar, Caracolero, Tempest Queen, Prove Out.

Habitat b.c. 1966
(Sir Gaylord - Little Hut)
Won 5 of 8 starts at 3, his only season, including Wills Mile and Prix Quincey. As a sire, a source of brilliant speed, Leading Sire of Broodmares in England 7 times. His best progeny include Habibti, Bitty Girl, Steel Heart, Steinlen, Rose Bowl, Blue Note.

Hail To Reason dkb/br.c. 1958
(Turn-To - Nothirdchance)
Won 9 of 18 starts at 2; injury forced his retirement to stud at three. Leading sire in the U.S. in 1970, offspring included Admiring, Bold Reason, Roberto, Straight Deal, Regal Gleam, Personality, Trillion, Proud Clarion, Halo. A noted source of soundness and durability.

His Majesty b.c. 1968
(Ribot - Flower Bowl)
Ran from 2 to 5, winning 5 of 22 starts, including the Everglade Stakes. Leading sire in the U.S. in 1982, offspring included Battonier, Cormorant, Mehmet, Pleasant Colony, Valiant Nature, Cetewayo, Majesty's Prince, Brother to Graustark.

Hourless br.c. 1914
(Negofol - Hour Glass II)
One of the best of his generation, won the Grand Union Hotel Stakes and the Belmont Stakes, among others. Among his 21 stakes winners were Helvetia, Runaway Lass, Yearning, Late Date, Mike Hall, Horometer.

Iroquois br.c. 1878
(Leamington - Maggie B.B.)
First American-bred horse to win the Derby and St. Leger, he also won the St. James's Palace Stakes and the Prince of Wales's Stakes. Leading sire in America in 1892, offspring included Tammany, G.W. Johnson, Rancocas, Huron and Nettie B.

Kincsem liv.ch.f. 1874
(Cambuscan - Water Nymph)
The toast of Europe, this Hungarian-bred mare was the unbeaten winner of 54 races in 5 different countries, including the Preis der Jockey Club, the Goodwood Cup, The Grand Prix de Deauville. Descendents Waldcanter and Wicht (brothers) both the top of their generations in the 1950s.

Le Sancy gr.c. 1871
(Atlantic - Gem of Gems)
Genuine racehorse won the Grand Prix de Deauville twice, among other races, and highly esteemed French sire, offspring included Le Samaritain, Ex Voto, Toison D'Or.

Little Hut b.f. 1952
(Occupy - Savage Beauty)
Won 5 of her 55 starts. She continued her line, known for producing courageous horses, with offspring including Guest Room, Habitat, Lodge and Northfields.

Mad Hatter br/b.c. 1916
(Fair Play - Madcap)
Won the Jockey Club Gold Cup among other races. Although plagued by poor fertility, sired 23 stakes winners from 177 foals, including Rosern, The Nut and Zelide.

Maggie B.B. b.f. 1867
(Australian - Madeline)
One of the most important matrons of the American turf, she produced Francesca, Harold, Iroquois, Jaconet (dam of Sir Dixon), Panique and Red and Blue.

Mahubah b.f. 1910
(Rock Sand - Merry Token)
Speedy, but generally unsuccessful runner, she produced five foals, all sired by Fair Play: Man O'War, Masda (ancestress of Assault), Mirabelle, Playfellow and My Play.

Man O' War ch.c. 1917
(Fair Play - Mahubah)
Winner of all but one of his 21 starts, probably the most famous horse of the American turf. Leading American sire in 1926. With limited opportunity, he sired 64 stakes winners from 379 foals, including War Admiral, Crusader, American Flag, Battleship, War Relic, Maid at Arms, Edith Cavell, Bateau, Clyde Van Dusen, Scapa Flow, Annapolis.

Marguerite ch.f. 1920
(Celt - Fairy Ray)
Important American broodmare, dam of the classy colts Fighting Fox, Foxbrough, Gallant Fox and Petee-Wrack. The great race mares Trillion and Triptych descend from her daughter, Margery.

Matchem b.c. 1748
((Old) Cade - (Old) Partner mare)
One of the pillars of the Thoroughbred breed, won matches in 1755 and 1756 and went on to become one of four stallions to have major influence on the breed. Sire of Tetotum, Hollandaise, Conductor, Alfred, and many others.

Mineral ch.f. 1863
(Rataplan - Manganese)
Modest winner of four races over four and five furlongs at age three, she proved an excellent broodmare, dam of Derby winner Kisber (later leading sire in Germany three times); St. Leger winner Wenlock, later a good broodmare sire, and several other winners that bred on.

Nearco br.c. 1935
(Pharos - Nogara)
Wilful unbeaten winner of the 14 races he ran at ages 2 and 3, including the Gran Prix de Paris. One of the most influential sires of the 20th century, he was Leading Sire in England three times in the late 1940s. Offspring include Amerigo, Sayajirao, Rivaz, Arctic Star, Dante, Masaka, and Nasrullah, the latter, in his turn, becoming a highly significant sire.

Neckar bl.c. 1948
(Ticino - Arjaman)
Won the German Derby and the Prix de Chantilly among 4 other races prior to injury forcing his retirement. Leading sire in Germany five times; Leading Broodmare sire three times. Sire of Kronzeuge, Wilderer, Waidwerk, Zank.

Nogara b.f. 1928
(Havresac II - Catnip)
Top winner to 1600 meters at 2 and 3 in Italy, including Criterium Nazionale and Premio Parioli. Dam of top horses Nearco, Niccolo Dell'Arca, Nakamuro, Naucide.

Ribot b.c. 1952
(Tenerani - Romanella)
Perhaps the best racehorse of the 20th century, he was unbeaten in 3 years of racing. His wins included the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (twice), the Premio del Jockey Club e Coppa d'Oro, the King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes. Sire of 67 stakes winners from 423 foals in England, Italy and the U.S., including Arts and Letters, Graustark, Tom Rolfe, Roi Soleil, Ribocco, Ribero, Romulus, Ragusa, His Majesty.

Sir Dixon b.c. 1885
(Billet - Jaconet)
Stakes winning American, including Belmont Stakes, Withers Stakes, Carlton Stakes and Travers Stakes. Leading American sire of 1901, his fillies were better than his colts, and he became an outstanding broodmare sire. Noted offspring include Kilmarnock, Agile, Running Water, Audience, Martha Gorman, Yankee Girl.

Storm Bird b.c. 1978
(Northern Dancer - South Ocean)
Canadian-bred winner of 5 of 6 races at 2 and 3, including the National Stakes and Dewhurst Stakes; imported to America, became a top sire, offspring including Storm Cat, Indian Skimmer, Acushla, Bluebird, Mukaddamah, Balanchine, Lonely Bird and Summer Squall.

Tredennis ch.c. 1898
(Kendal - St. Marguerite)
Did not win at the track, but became a leading sire. Offspring included Bachelor's Double, Clodagh, Honey Bee, Lady Wembley, Red Dennis, Soldennis, Tregaron, Wet Kiss.

Whisk Broom II ch.c. 1907
(Broomstick - Audience)
Won 7 of 17 races in England, then back to the U.S. to win three important handicaps. Retired at age 7 to sire a number of stakes winners, including Diavolo, John P. Grier, Swing On, Upset, Panasette, Victorian, Whiskaway, Whiskery.

English Foundation Mare Family Quick Links
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