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  Family 19: Davill's Old Woodcock Mare

The first entry in the General Stud Book for this family is for a mare by Wood's Counsellor who was a sister to Thunderbolt, the latter a well-known race horse foaled in 1723. The pedigree of this mare, provided in the GSB and confirmed in Cuthbert Routh's Stud Book (C.M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse), is that her dam was by Snake, out of a mare by Luggs, out of a mare by "Davill's Old Woodcock."

Thunderbolt (first called Badger), was bred by Mr. Egerton, who also bred his sire, Wood's Counsellor, so it is probable Thunderbolt's sister was also bred by him, although all that is known for sure is that a number of her produce were in the possession of a Mr. Meynell, who sold some of them to Yorkshire breeder Cuthbert Routh. Thunderbolt won a number of races, including the Ladies' Gold Cup at York in 1728, and a King's Plate at Winchester and a King's Plate at Newmarket in 1729, and later retired to stud. His only named produce in the GSB is a filly, Timoclea (1750), who produced several racehorses and mares that bred on. It appears the Wood's Counsellor mare, sister to Thunderbolt, was owned by Mr. Meynell, and kept at the stud of John Bartlett, owner of Bartlett's Childers, at Nutwith Cote, near Masham in North Yorkshire. Her first recorded foal in the GSB was Fig, a bay (brown, according to his purchaser, Cuthbert Routh) colt of 1733 by Bartlett's Childers, who was foaled at Nutwith Cote, and several other of her foals, including Coughing Polly, a filly of 1736 from whom this family descends to the present, were also by Bartlett's Childers. Since a number of her foals, by Bartlett's Childers and others, were good racehorses in their day, and also bred on, it's fair to say this family was developed in the vincinity of Masham in Yorkshire.

Her sire, Wood's Counsellor, was a racehorse around the turn of the century, by D'Arcy's Counsellor, and from a mare by Makeless; he was bred by a Mr. Egerton, possibly related to the Earl of Bridgewater. Wood's Counsellor was by D'Arcy's Counsellor, bred by Lord James D'Arcy, member of a family important in early thoroughbred breeding.

Her dam was by (Lister's) Snake; he was born around 1705, and out of a mare by a stallion bred and owned by the D'Arcy family, Hautboy, who was by the D'Arcy White Turk. The Snake mare's dam was by Luggs, a horse also bred by the D'Arcy family at Sedbury, Yorkshire, and who is only seen in this pedigree, and who was also by the D'Arcy White Turk. The Luggs mare was out of a mare by Davill's (or Davile) (old) Woodcock, who is the earliest traceable mare in the pedigree. There were a number of early running horses named Woodcock, some of whom may have been the same horse; in the entry for Woodcock "(Darcy's)," in the GSB, it states: "It is not known whether this is the same as Davill's Woodcock in the pedigree of Miss Mayes." See Family 18 and the discussion of the various Woodcocks in the Foundation Sires section.

The Wood's Counsellor mare produced nine foals, according to the GSB. Of these, several were purchased from Mr. Meynell by Cuthbert Routh of Snape, near Bedale in Yorkshire, an early running horse breeder of some repute, with blood and business ties to many of the early developers of the thoroughbred. Routh recorded the purchase of the Wood's Counsellor mare's first foal, Fig(g) (1733), on the 18th of February 1736-7, and in 1738 re-sold him to Lord Weymouth for 350 guineas, with a 30 guineas contingency should he win a race in 1739. In 1738 bought the brown colt he named Forfeit, "own Bro: to Figg, and like him with white in his face and 2 white heels behind, cost 30 gs." This colt was entered in Routh's trial book, and won a king's plate at Ipswich in a walk-over. The GSB also records a (undated) filly by Roundhead from this mare, and credits Routh with her breeding, noting she was "dam of Mr. Symmer's Hawk, 1753, and Mr. Scrope's Jingle Jeff, by Wilson's Arabian," but she does not appear in Routh's stud book, nor do two fillies by Cade (1747 and 1749) from the Wood's Counsellor mare, where Routh is also listed as breeder. Another brother from this mare, Merry Andrew, won races in England and later at the Curragh in Ireland.

A sister to Fig and Forfeit, Coughing Polly (1736), won races in Yorkshire, including a King's Plate. She became second dam of Doncaster Cup winner Tuberose (1772 filly, by Herod), the conduit through which the family descends to the present. Her sister, Miss Mayes (actually, a mare owned by Miss Maye, 1737 by Bartlett's Childers), was the dam of Skim (originally called Farmer, 1746), who won the first Great Subscription Plate at York in 1751 and later went on to sire some good horses.

Davill's Old Woodcock Mare's Known Produce:

f. Mare by Luggs. Dam of
  f. Mare by Snake. Dam of
     f. mare by Wood's Counsellor. Dam of
       c. Fig (1733) by Bartlett's Childers
       c. Merry Andrew (1735) by Bartlett's Childers
       f. Coughing Polly (1736) by Bartlett's Childers
       f. Miss Mayes (1737) by Bartlett's Childers
       c. Forfeit (1738) by Bartlett's Childers
       f. (17--) by Roundhead
       f. (1747) by Cade
       f. (1748) by Regulus
       f. (1749) by Cade


Family #19 Oaks Winners

Snow Marten
Snow Marten

1915 SNOW MARTEN b.f. 1912
(Martagon - Siberia)

Family #19 Derby Winners

Sir Hugo Spion Kop
Sir Hugo Spion Kop

1892 SIR HUGO ch.c. 1889
(Wisdom - Manoeuver)

1920 SPION KOP b.c. 1917
(Spearmint - Hammerkop)

1934 WINDSOR LAD b.c. 1931
(Blandford - Resplendent)

Family #19 St. Leger Winners

Ebor Reveller
Ebor Reveller
Tracery Windsor Lad
Tracery Windsor Lad

1817 EBOR b.c. 1814
(Orville - Constantia)

1818 REVELLER b.c. 1815
(Comus - Rosette)

1859 GAMESTER br.c. 1856
(Cossack - Gaiety)

1912 TRACERY br.c. 1909
(Rock Sand - Topiary)

1924 SALMON TROUT b.c. 1921
(The Tetrarch - Salamandra)

1934 WINDSOR LAD b.c. 1931
(Blandford - Resplendent)

1938 SCOTTISH UNION b.c. 1935
(Cameronian - Trustful)

1971 ATHENS WOOD b.c. 1968
(Celtic Ash - Belle of Athens)

Family #19 Other Family Members

Count Schomberg
Count Schomberg
Golden Boss
Golden Boss
Never Bend
Never Bend
Salmon Trout
Salmon Trout
Scottish Union
Scottish Union
Sea Sick
Sea Sick

Ancestor b. g. 1949
(Challedon - Bloodroot)
Champion U.S. steeplechaser from the Phipps stable in the 1950s, ran on the flat and over jumps from ages two to ten, with 26 wins in over one hundred starts. On the flat, won the 1952 Discovery Handicap and six other races; at age 5 sent over jumps where he became an annual contender for top 'chaser honors; among his wins the New York Turf Writers Cup; Temple Gwathmey Steeplechase; the Harbor Hill Handicap (twice); the Brook Steeplechase (carrying 30 lbs. more than the lowest weighted horse in the field). His dam, Bloodroot, was a top broodmare, producing Bric a Brac (San Juan Capistrano and Tijuana Handicaps, sire in Japan); Be Faithful (Hawthorne Gold Cup, dam of Kentucky Oaks victor Lalun and second dam of Never Bend (see below)); Bimlette (Frizette Stakes, dam of Maharajah).

Colin br. c. 1905
(Commando - Pastorella)
Unbeaten at both ages 2 and 3, among the best American racehorses in the twentieth century. His wins included the Withers Stakes, Belmont Stakes, Saratoga Special, Matron and Champagne Stakes. At age 4 tendon trouble forced his retirement. Got only 81 foals, his best On Watch (21 wins, sire).

Coroado br. c. 1930
(Colorado - Trustful)
A top-class sprinter, ran ages two to four; his wins included the Champagne Stakes, Newcastle Autumn Handicap, July Cup, and eight other top races, often carrying top weight. Damsire of Fraise du Bois II (Irish Sweeps Derby, second Doncaster St. Leger, broke leg running in the Doncaster Cup).

Count Shomberg ch. c. 1892
(Aughrim - Clonavarn)
Sturdy stayer won the Goodwood Cup twice, the Jockey Club Cup, Ascot Gold Vase, and the Chester Cup. His fillies better than his colts, daughter Black Arrow was a good winner; Flying Countess won at 2 miles; daughter Contessina, sent to America, dam of Reigh Count; daughter Ours was second dam of good winners, including Commanderie (Prix de Diane, Grand Prix de Paris).

Ebor b. c. 1814
(Orville - Constantia)
Good racehorse, but lucky winner of the St. Leger in which he beat Blacklock due to poor jockyship. Ebor also won the Produce Stakes and a sweepstakes at York, and ran at distances from 2 to 4 miles with equal ease.

Gallinule ch. c. 1884
(Isonomy - Moorhen)
Big, powerful-looking colt, he only won three races, all at age 2, even though he ran to age 5, troubled by bleeding severe enough to be pulled up in some races. In the stud, leading sire in England twice and leading sire of broodmares five times. Of his impressive foals, his best was Pretty Polly (Oaks, St. Leger, 1,000 Guineas); also got Wildfowler (St. Leger), White Eagle (top juvenile, at 3 Sussex Stakes and St. Leger and others, good broodmare sire), Slieve Gallion (Craven Stakes, 2,000 Guineas, sire in Australia), Phaleron (Jockey Club Stakes), Hammerkop (July Stakes, Great Yorkshire Handicap and 11 other races in 51 starts, dam of Derby winner Spion Kop), Sirenia (Jubilee Handicap, dam of Siberia, Electra, Cellini and Figaro).

Golden Boss ch. c. 1920
(The Boss - Golden Hen)
Top sprinter, unbeaten in both his three and four year old years, a fast horse who won the King Stand Stakes at Ascot, York's Nunthorpe Stakes and others. Sired Gold Bridge, another good sprinter, winner of 9 races, with 9 placings in 22 starts and sire of Rough Shod and Vilmorin. Sold to the U.S., where he was used as a remount stallion.

Hugh Lupus b. c. 1952
(Djebel - Sakountala)
French-bred horse was good at 2, winning the Railway Stakes and Testimonial Stakes in Ireland; at 3, took the Irish 2,000 Guineas and was second in the Irish Derby, but did not contest the English classics. At four he won 5 of his 8 races; he could win at any distance up to 1 1/2 miles. Even with low fertility he got Pourparler, winner of the 1,000 Guineas, Koblenza (French 1,000 Guineas) and Hethersett (St. Leger, Great Voltigeur Stakes)

Isonomy b. c. 1875
(Sterling - Isola Bella)
Genuine, stocky horse won ten of his fourteen races, ages 2 through 5, unplaced only once; did not run in the classics, instead decisively won his only race at 3, the Cambridgeshire Stakes, and then proved to be a top older horse, winning the Ascot Gold Cup, the Ascot Gold Vase, the Goodwood Cup, and the Doncaster Cup, and the Great Ebor Handicap, the latter races under top weight. In the stud, near the top of the leading sire lists three times, and sire of two English triple crown winners -- Isinglass and Common. Other offspring included Gallinule (see above); Janissary (St. James Palace Stakes), Sandfly (influential mare in Germany and the U.S.), Satiety (dam of Satirical), Seabreeze (top juvenile, Oaks Stakes, St. Leger, Coronation Stakes).

Monarque b. c. 1852
(The Emperor - Poetess)
Versatile and game racehorse, undefeated in ten consecutive races at age 3, including the French 2,000 Guineas and the Prix du Jockey Club. Significant influence in French breeding, he got, among others, the great French-bred triple crown winner Gladiateur; French 2,000 Guineas and Prix du Jockey Club winner Consul; Trocadero, good stakeswinner in France, Germany (G.P. Baden-Baden, Furstenberg Rennen) and England (Queen Alexandra Stakes) and sire of Fra Diavolo; La Favorite, dam of Flageolet; Reine (Epsom Oaks, 1,000 Guineas).

Never Bend dk.b. c. 1960
(Nasrullah - Lalun)
In his famous sire's last crop, he was top of his generation at age 2, and at age 3 won two early races, placed second in the Kentucky Derby and the Woodward Stakes; in all won thirteen of his twenty-three starts. Sired 60 stakes winners from 360 foals, his best included Mill Reef (Horse of the Year in England, leading sire there), and Riverman (leading sire in France), J.O. Tobin (Champion 2 year old in England, Champion springer in U.S. at age 4), and daughters Anne Campbell (dam of Desert Wine), Hula Bend (dam of Hula Chief in Australia). His dam, Kentucky Oaks winner Lalun, also produced Bold Reason (Travers, American Derby, Hollywood Derby).

Plaisanterie ch. f. 1882
(Wellingtonia - Poetess)
Top racemare debuted at age 2, winning at Caen, and went on to win sixteen of her eighteen races at all distances, including the Cesarewitch Stakes and the Cesarewitch Cup, and the Grosser Preis von Baden-Baden. She also proved a good producer: Childwick (Cesarewitch Stakes, sire of Negofol, General Symons); Raconteur (Dewhurst Stakes); Topiary (dam of Trap Rock and Tracery).

Reveller b. c. 1815
(Comus - Rosette)
Ran for six years, his best wins included the St. Leger, the Great Subscription Purse at York (three times), The Lancaster Gold Cup (twice), running in top company. In the stud, he got a number of good racehorses, including Rioter, Lady Vane, Lucetta, Gallopade, Galantine, Lucetta, Datura, Voluptuary.

Salmon Trout dk.b. 1921
(The Tetrarch - Salamandra)
He won, in addition to the St. Leger, five other races at ages 2 and 3, including the Hastings Stakes and the Dewhurst Stakes. Offspring included Salmon Leap (Coronation Cup, Goodwood Cup), Salar (Irish Oaks), and King Salmon (Great Yorkshire Stakes, runner up in the 2,000 Guineas and Derby; top broodmare sire in Brasil).

Scottish Union b. c. 1935
(Cameronian - Trustful)
Very good runner, won the Rous Memorial Stakes and Middle Park Stakes at age 2; at age 3 won the St. Lewger and St. James' Palace Stakes, second in both the 2,000 Guineas and the Derby Stakes; went on at age 4 to win the Coronation Cup. Did not make a mark at stud.

Sea Sick b. c. 1905
(Elf II - Saf Saf)
Top three year old in France, his wins included the Prix du Jockey Club, the Grand Prix de Saint Cloud, and other top french races. Best known as the sire of Quarantaine, dam of Battleship, winner of the Aintree and U.S. Grand Nationals; he also got Antivari and Battersea.

Skim gr. c. 1746
((Old) Starling - Miss Mayes )
Won a Great Subscription Plate at York; seen today through daughters, predominantly in Families 4 and 5.

Solferino b. c. 1940
(Fairway - Sol Speranza)
Game winner of the Irish St. Leger and fair sire of horses such as unbeaten three year old Solonaway. His dam won the Irish 1,000 Guineas and Irish Oaks, among others, her half-sister, Resplendent was also an Irish 1,000 Guineas winner and dam of Derby and St. Leger winner Windsor Lad.

Spion Kop b. c. 1917
(Spearmint - Hammerkop)
Won the Derby Stakes and Spelthorne Stakes at age 3, his only wins ages 2-4. At stud he got Felstead (Derby, sire of Rockfel); Kopi (Irish Derby); Spiral and Spy-Ann, both Irish 1,000 Guineas winners; Bongrace (Doncaster Cup, Jockey Club Cup, producer), and others.

The Dikler b. g. 1963
(Vulgan - Coronation Day)
Popular and long-running steeplechaser in England, winner of the Cheltenham Gold Cup.

Vedette br. c. 1854
(Voltigeur - Mrs. Ridgway)
Awkward-looking yearling, plagued by rheumatism. Unbeaten at age 3, he won the 2,000 Guineas easily -- he was not entered in the Derby Stakes -- the Great Yorkshire Stakes, the Fitzwilliam Stakes, and the Doncaster Cup, beating the top horses of his day, including Saunterer and Fisherman. At age 4 he won the Great Ebor Handicap and the Doncaster Cup again. Retired to stud, he became a sire of some significance, getting Galopin (Derby Stakes, leading sire in G.B., including sire of St. Simon), Speculum (Goodwood Cup, sire of Rosebery, Hagioscope, top broodmare sire), Crossfire (ancestress of Princess Dorrie and Sunstar), Gardevisure (Woodcote and Cambridgeshire Stakes), and the great racemare Vex (Steward's Cup at Goodwood, one of the top money winners of the mid 19th century).

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