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  Family 14: The Oldfield Mare

This family was developed at the Grimsthorpe, Lincolnshire, stud of Robert Bertie, the fourth Earl of Lindsey (1701), Marquis of Lindsey (1706) and first Duke of Ancaster (1716), and his son, Peregrine Bertie, the second Duke. The stud book of the second Duke's was unearthed in the 1930s, and published by C.M. Prior in his book, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse (London: The Sportsman Office, 1924). Its information necessitates some adjustment to the General Stud Book for this family, particularly in regard to the Lady Mare and her progeny; the following information and associated charts reflect those changes.

Family 14 Overview

Oldfield Mare by Hale's Bay Turk [14]
  Old Lady Mare (1710) by St. Martin
     Young Lady Mare (c.171-) by Pert
      Look at Me Lads (1731) by Newton's Bay Arabian
       Young Look at Me Lads (c.1740) by Grasshopper
        Mare (1755) by [Ancaster] Starling
         Mayfly (1771) by Matchem
          Brunette (17--) by Amaranthus
           Berenice (1805) by Alexander [14-D]
           Boadicea (1807) by Alexander
            Etiquette (1820) by Orville
            | Maid of Honor (1829) by Champion
            |  Honoria (1836) by Camel [14-F]
            |  Daphne (1837) by Laurel
            |   Mare (1841) by Pantaloon
            |    Chaperon (1855) by Flatcatcher
            |     Wallflower (1869) by Rataplan
            |      Eye-pleaser (1876) by Brown Bread
            |       Gaze (1886) by Thuringian Prince
            |        Admiration (1892) by Saraband [14-B]
            |         Pretty Polly (1901) by Gallinule [14-C]
            Bertha (1821) by Rubens [14-E]
            Banter (1826) by Master Henry [14-A]

In the General Stud Book, the family is first noted under the "Lady Mare," who was "Got by (Old) Pert (son of the Ely Turk), her dam by St. Martin, grandam by Sir E. Hale's Turk, out of the Oldfield Mare, of which nothing is known, but she was described as highly bred." The GSB then lists three of her offspring, an unnamed filly by the Newton Arabian; Driver, a colt dated 1727 by Wynn Arabian; and a unnamed filly by Merlin. An error in this mare's line was created by the GSB in assigning her grandaughter, Romp and all her progeny (by Lord Walpole's Turk), to the Somerset Mare family (#28), which was also largely developed at Grimsthorpe. The corrected version of this mare's progeny, according to the Ancaster stud book, is shown in the Reference Chart. A number of great racehorses descend from this mare, including Touchstone and Macaroni.

(Old) Pert was actually a son of Champion, who was sired by Sir Littleton's Osberton Arabian; the Ely (Bay) Turk (sired by the Lister Gray Turk), to whom (Old) Pert was assigned in the GSB, was covering mares in the Duke of Ancaster's stud, as is shown in his stud book, but (Old) Pert was not one of his get. (Old) Pert played a significant role in the early development of the family at Grimsthorpe.

Not much is known of Sir Edward Hales' Bay Turk; Sir Edward Hales, 3rd Baronet, of Hales Place, Tenterden, Kent, was a favorite of King James II, with a number of appointments, including deptuy governor of the cinque ports (the federation of southern English towns organized to repel invaders from the sea), member of the privy council, and lieutenant-governor of the Tower of London. He supported James during the revolt, and fled to France after over a year's confinement in the Tower. His eldest son, Edward, was killed fighting for James at the Battle of the Boyne (1690); perhaps, like the Byerley Turk and the Lister Grey Turk (belonging to James II's natural son, James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick), Hales' Bay Turk took part in that battle as a calvary charger. Sir Edward died in France in 1895, five years after his son Edward, and was succeeded by his second son, John.

The Oldfield mare, whose history is still not known, was bred to the Lister Grey Turk, producing the Black Lister Mare. The Lister Turk stood nearby, at Matthew Lister's stud near Louth, in Lincolnshire. Thereafter, the Oldfield mare was bred to St. Martin and (Old) Pert at Grimsthorpe. .

Oldfield Mare's Known Produce:

Oldfield Mare by Sir Edward Hales' Bay Turk. Dam of
  f. Black Lister Mare by Lister Grey Turk. Dam of
     f.Peg Mare (17--) by Old Pert.
     f. Young Peg Mare (17--) by Old Pert.
f. Old Lady Mare (c. 1710) by St. Martin. Dam of
     f. Young Lady Mare (17--) by Old Pert.
     c. Ginger (1716) by Old Pert
 f. Blink-Eyed Mare (c. 1711) by St. Martin. Dam of
     f. by Favourite Mare (17--) by Old Pert
     f. Creeping Kate (1722) by Ancaster Merlin
     f. Grey Mare (1723) by Alcock's Arabian
     f. Chestnut Mare (1724) by Alcock's Arabian
     c. Horse (1725) by (Ancaster) Ball
     c. Horse (1726) by Wynn's Arabian
  c. (Ancaster) Ball (1712) by Old Pert


Family #14 Oaks Winners

Hippia Pretty Polly
Hippia Pretty Polly

1867 HIPPIA b.f. 1864
(King Tom - Daughter of the Star)

1882 GEHEIMNISS br.f. 1879
(Rosicrucian - Nameless)

1904 PRETTY POLLY ch.f. 1901
(Gallinule - Admiration)

1943 WHY HURRY ch.f. 1940
(Precipitation - Cybiane)

1963 NOBLESSE ch.f. 1960
(Mossborough - Duke's Delight)

1987 UNITE ch.f. 1984
(Kris - Pro Patria)

2000 LOVE DIVINE b.f. 1997
(Diesis - La Sky)

Family #14 Derby Winners

Macaroni Volodyovski
Macaroni Volodyovski
St. Amant St. Paddy
St. Amant St. Paddy

1863 MACARONI b.c. 1860
(Sweetmeat - Jocose)

1901 VOLODYOVSKI b.c. 1898
(Florizel II - La Reine)

1904 ST. AMANT b.c. 1901
(St. Frusquin - Lady Loverule)

1960 ST. PADDY b.c. 1957
(Aureole - Edie Kelly)

1961 PSIDIUM ch.c. 1958
(Pardal - Dinarella)

1993 COMMANDER IN CHIEF br.c. 1990
(Dancing Brave - Slightly Dangerous)

2010 WORKFORCE b.c. 2007
(King's Best - Soviet Moon)

Family #14 St. Leger Winners

Touchstone Launcelot
Touchstone Launcelot
Tehran Premonition
Tehran Premonition

1834 TOUCHSTONE br.c. 1831
(Camel - Banter)

1840 LAUNCELOT br.c. 1837
(Camel - Banter)

1841 SATIRIST br.c. 1838
(Pantaloon - Saracasm)

1904 PRETTY POLLY ch.f. 1901
(Gallinule - Admiration)

1944 TEHRAN b.c. 1941
(Bois Roussel - Starfaralla)

1950 SCRATCH ch.c. 1947
(Pharis - Orlamonde)

1953 PREMONITION b.c. 1950
(Precipitation - Trial Ground)

1960 ST. PADDY b.c. 1957
(Aureole - Edie Kelly)

1988 MINISTER SON ch.c. 1985
(Niniski - Honey Bridge)

2003 BRIAN BORU b.c. 2000
(Sadler's Wells - Eva Luna)

Family #14 Other Family Members

Black Maria
Brigadier Gerard
Brigadier Gerard
Coronation V
Coronation V

Banter br. f. 1826
(Master Henry - Boadicea)
Banter, who heads her own branch of this family, was described by "The Druid" as a "low lengthy mare standing 15.2 hands." Bred in the Grosvenor stud, she won two races. Purchased by the Marquis of Westminster and placed in his stud, she got a succession of good horses, including top racehorses Touchstone and Launcelot (both by Camel), and the fillies Sarcasm (dam of 1841 St. Leger winner Satirist) and Pasquinade (tail female ancestress of Rabelais), Jocose (tail female of Polynesian, Macaroni, Black Maria) and a filly by Pantaloon (tail female Grand Flaneur and Double Jay).

Black Maria bl. f. 1923
(Black Toney - Birdloose)
Good American racemare at age 4, and best 3 year old filly of her generation, who won, among others, Kentucky Oaks, Illinois Oaks stakes, Whitney Stakes, Ladies Handicap (twice), the Metropolitan, Edgemere and Acqueduct Handicaps. In all she won 18 races in 52 starts. Produced one foal, Black Queen, who was a winner and producer of stakes winners.

Brigadier Gerard b. c. 1968
(Queen's Hussar - La Paiva)
16.2 hands, a handsome horse, unbeaten at ages 2 and 3 and winner of all but one of his eighteen races. Notable wins were the 2,000 Guineas, St. James' Palace Stakes, Champion Stakes (twice), and the York Gold Cup. Moderately successful sire of 29 stakes winners from 308 foals.

Coronation V b. f. 1946
(Djebel - Esmeralda)
Inbred 2 x 2 to Tourbillon, high-strung, at the age of 3 she was winner of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and placed second in both the Epson and Irish Oaks, and tied in the French Oaks. At age 2 she won three of her five starts in England and France. She did not breed on.

Donatello II ch. c. 1934
(Blenheim - Delleana)
Top of his generation in Italy, winning the Gran Premio di Milano, the Gran Premio del Re Imperatore, and two more of his five starts that year (second in the Grand Prix de Paris). Bred by Federico Tesio, his dam, Delleana won a number of races, including the Gran Premio de Italia. Donatello was purchased to stud in England where he stood at Brickfield Stud in Newmarket. Leading Broodmare sire in 1953 in Great Britain, his progeny included Orestes (Coventry and Middle Park Stakes); Picture Play (1,000 Guineas); Alycidon (Jockey Club Stakes, Doncaster Cup, Ascot Gold Cup etc.); Supertello (Ascot Gold Cup); Acropolis (Newmarket Stakes); Crepello (2,000 Guineas, Derby); Donatrice (dam of The Dude); Pasqua (dam of Pinza); Saracen (dam of Washington D.C. International winner Wilwyn); Walkyrie (dam of Tatan, top winner in Argentina); Angelola (dam of Aureole); Madonna (dam of Tudor Monarch), and many others.

Kamar b. f. 1976
(Key to the Mint - Square Angel)
Lovely filly, champion Canadian filly at age 3. Top broodmare in the U.S., dam of Key to the Moon (Canadian Champion 3 year old colt); of Gorgeous (Grade 1 winner of over 1 million dollars and producer); Seaside Attraction (Kentucky Oaks winner, producer of Champion 2 year old filly Golden Attraction, and stakes-winning sons Red Carnival and Cape Town); producer Hiaam. Kamar's sister, Love Smitten, was also a good race filly and produced Swain, Thief of Hearts and Water Point.

Leamington br. c. 1853
(Faugh-a-Ballagh - Mare by Pantaloon)
Won the Goodwood Stakes and the Chester Cup (twice), then sent to Rawcliffe to stud, where he did not do well along side the more successful Newminster. Purchased to America, he became leading sire in the U.S. for 4 years; got Iroquois, first American-bred to win the Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes; his brother, Harold, top two year old and winner of the Preakness Stakes at 3; and sister Jaconet who was dam of Sir Dixon and The Niece. Also sire of the legendary Longfellow (leading sire), Aristides (first Kentucky Derby winner), Equirer (damsire of Domino), and champions such as Onondaga, Parole, Spinaway, Saunterer.

Luthier br. c. 1965
(Klairon - Flute Enchantee)
Won four of his ten races at ages 2 and 3, including Prix Lupin and Prix Noailles. Highly successful sire, leading sire in France four times, and leading sire of broodmares twice. Among his top youngsters, all of whom won good races in France, were Guadanini, Jalapa, Yawa, Twig Moss, Tip Moss, Warfever; top race filly Riverqueen, French Thousand Guineas and Grand Prix de Saint Cloud winner at age 3, and good producer; the good Italian race filly Right Bank.

Macaroni b. c. 1860
(Sweetmeat - Jocose)
A product of the Westminster stud, he was short-backed and deep in the girth, with a long, sloping shoulder. He was unbeaten at age 3, winner of the 2,000 Guineas and the Derby (not entered for the St. Leger), the Doncaster Cup, and other good races, after which he was retired to the Rothschild stud farm at Mentmore. Sired Oaks winner Bonny Jean, Oaks and 1,000 Guineas winner Camelia, Oaks winner Spinaway, and sires Macaroon and MacGregor (2,000 Guineas). Also got Lily Agnes, dam of Ormonde and Ornament; Mavis, the dam of Galliard; Vista, the dam of Bona Vista; and Frivolity, second dam in female descent of Plucky Leige.

Orsini b.c. 1954
(Ticino - Oranien)
Germany's 1958 Horse of the Year. The best of his generation at 2 in Germany, this tough and successful racehorse ran for 3 more years in races all over Europe and in the U.S., winning the German 2,000 Guineas and German Derby, the Oslo Cup, the Stockholm Cup, and the Grand Prix de l'Exposition. In all, he won 14 of his 26 starts, placing 4 times. Leading sire in Germany 5 times, and leading broodmare sire twice. Sired German classic winner Ozer, Roman Wedding (Newbury Plate), Nuclea II (top German juvenile), Aurea II (good two year old), Ilix, Don Giovanni, Marduk and Elviron (all Germany Derby winners).

Polynesian br. c. 1942
(Unbreakable - Black Polly)
Difficult to train--he required farm vacations between races-- the American Elmendorf-bred colt won 27 of his 58 starts between ages two and five, and placed second 10 times. He won the Preakness Stakes, most of his other wins in the top Handicap sprints in the U.S. Leading sire in the U.S. in 1953, his best including the top race horse and sire Native Dancer, good race filly Alanesian (dam of Boldnesian), stakeswinner Polly's Jet (dam of Turbo Jet), Banquet Bell (dam of Chateaugay and Primonetta), and stakeswinners Imbros and Barbizon (champion at age two).

Psidium ch. c. 1958
(Pardal - Dinarella)
Showy golden chestnut was an above-average juvenile, and at three was the upset winner of the Epsom Derby, his only win that year. Stood at stud in England until 1970, then sent to Argentina. He got St. Leger winner Sodium, Richmond Fair (Goodwood Cup, Churchill Stakes, and others); Presidial (Woodbine Cup, Toronto Cup Handicap, International Handicap and other races in Canada); Crocus (good handicapper, winner of Richmond Handicap, Haydock Park Stayers' Handicap, and others).

Rabelais b. c. 1900
(St. Simon - Satirical)
Won at ages 2 and 3, his best wins of six in his relatively short career,the Goodwood Cup and the National Breeder's Produce Stakes. Leading sire in France three times, and second on the list five times, he got Durbar II (Epsom Derby), Italian winner and ten-time leading sire in Italy (also leading sire of jumpers) Havresac II, Medora II (dam in the U.S. of Beatrice and Little Chief), the speedy, long-running Rialto, and other good horses. It was through son Havresac II that the St. Simon tail-male line continues, via his descendant, the great Ribot; a daughter of Havresac II's, Nogara, was dam of the other Italian crack horse, Nearco.

Rosaletta b. f. 1778
(Nabob - Rosetta)
Ran briefly before being retired to stud, where she produced the good racehorses Pilgrim and Young Diomed; her daughter, Young Rosaletta produced Banker, a useful racehorse. Known today because she was painted by George Stubbs.

Satirist br. c. 1838
(Pantaloon - Sarcasm)
A sturdy 15.2 hand bay, he won all but one of his races at age 3, including the Doncater St. Leger, beating the favored Coronation, and the two mile Queen's Vase at Ascot. At age 4 began to lose form, winning the Trial Stakes at Ascot, placing second in the Chester Cup and the Craven Stakes (beaten by fillies both times) and then stepping down in class for other wins. Was not a successful sire.

Sheshoon ch. c. 1956
(Precipitation - Noorani)
Best staying son of his staying sire, won the Ascot Gold Cup, the Grand Prix de Saint Cloud and the Grosser Preis von Baden-Baden; he won 7 1/2 of 16 races in three countries altogether. He got the good French stayer, Samos III; Sassafras, the powerful Arc winner who beat Nijinsky; unbeaten French 2 year old Stintino; the good French race filly Vela, and many other successful horses.

Tetratema gr. c. 1917
(The Tetrarch - Scotch Gift)
Rated 12 stone above the next best of his two year old year, the speedy Irish-bred colt won all his races that year in a canter, and at age 3 took the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, but failed to stay for the Derby. Went on at age 4 to win the top speed events, including the Newmarket July Cup and the King George Stakes (second time). Highly successful sire of Fourth Hand (Irish 2000 Guineas), Four Course (1,000 Guineas), Mr. Jinks (2,000 Guineas), and many speedy horses, such as Royal Minstrel (Eclipse Stakes), the brilliant leading juvenile Myrobella, later dam of Big Game, and others who bred on. Leading sire in England in 1929.

Touchstone br.c. 1831
(Camel - Banter)
According to "The Druid," a "very peculiar horse," with turned-out hocks, a bad fetlock and a "strange" way of going, but speedy individual of great stamina. Ran for 5 years, his most important wins the Doncaster St. Leger, the Palatine Stakes, the Doncaster Cup (twice) the Ascot Gold Cup (twice). Sire of significance to the breed who got foals almost up to his death at age 31, 4 times leading sire in Great Britain, offspring included Newminster (St. Leger, Goodwood Cup, leading sire in Britain twice), Orlando (Derby), Cotherstone (2,000 Guineas, Derby), and Surplice (Derby and St. Leger).

Trumpator bl. c. 1782
(Conductor - Brunette)
Good winner of several stakes and influential sire of important offspring, including Didelot (Derby), multiple leading sire Sorcerer, and Penelope, one of the most influential broodmares in the breed, dam of Whisker, Whalebone, Web and etc.

Turf b. c. 1760
(Matchem - Mare by (Ancaster) Starling
Modest racehorse, but his daughter by Regulus produced Messenger, exported to America, who was a foundation sire of American standardbreds and Tennesee Walking Horse breed, and who was dam sire of American Eclipse.

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