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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: H

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions






Huttons Bay Barb
Hutton's Bay Barb
SIRE: King Fergus - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: King Fergus Branch
DAM: Mare by Highflyer - Monimia by Matchem - mare by Alcides - mare by (Old) Crab - mare by (Old) Fox - Gipsy by Bay Bolton - mare by Newcastle Turk - mare by Byerley Turk -mare by Taffolet Barb - mare by Place's White Turk - Tregonwell Barb mare (Family 1) .
Bay 1792. Bred by John Hutchinson of Yorkshire. Ran for 4 years, from 1795 through 1800, one of the best horses of the 1790s. Owned by Sir Charles Turner 1795-6, for whom he won the St. Leger at Doncaster and the Cup at Newmarket spring meeting of 1795. In mid-1796 sold to Sir Harry Vane-Tempest, some of his wins to 1800 including the 1796 Cup at Doncaster, a 1,000 guineas match against Patriot; the Craven Stakes, the Doncaster Stakes, and both the first and second Great Subscription purses at York in 1799; a 3,000 guinea match against Diamond, who many considered to be the better horse even after his defeat, in 1799; the Great Subscription stakes at York in 1800. He did not run in 1798. Principal sire line descendant of the Darley Arabian line leading to St. Simon and beyond, through son Whitelock (1803); other important sons included Anticipation (1813) and Camillus (1803), who established his own branch of this sire line for a few generations. His significant daughters included Goosander (1805, Family 6); Moll-in-the-Wad (1810, Family 16); Lisette (1896, Family 19).
Hampton Court Arabian
In the 18th century there were apparently several different stallions with this name standing at the royal stud at Hampton Court, with covering dates ranging from the teens to the 1730s, spanning the reigns of Queen Anne, King George I and King George II. Offspring from a Hampton Court Arabian not specifically associated with the name Hampton Court ChestnutArabian include: Diana, dam of Vixen (1737), and the filly Chiddy (1733) from Bald Charlotte. For a list of the offspring of the Hampton Court Chestnut Arabian horse, who may have been the same as the Cyprus Arabian, see Cyprus Arabian.
SIRE: Sir Peter Teazle - Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Miss Hervey by Eclipse - Clio by Young Cade - mare by (Bolton/Old) Starling - mare by Bartlett's Childers - mare by Bay Bolton - mare by Byerley Turk - Bustler mare (Family 35).
Brown 1797. Bred by Mr. Legh and sold to the Earl of Darlington. A "...gay, nag-looking horse, with a low back and very fine action," he ran from 1799 through 1804. His jockey, Billy Pierse, claimed he had "hardly ever been on a truer four-mile horse." He won all but one of his races at 4, when he was beaten back to third in the Richmond Cup by his stable-mate Agonistes (also by Sir Peter Teazle). He beat a number of top distance horses of his time, including Chance, Cinnamon Marcia, the Highflyer son Traveller; among his victories were the Doncaster Stakes (1802) and the Great Subscription Purse at York (three times). He sired Don Cossack, Antar, the good racehorse Filho-da-Puta, and a number of unnamed mares, dams of such horses as Miss Blucher, Scandal, Firman.
Hartley's Blind Horse
DAM: Milbanke's black mare by Makeless - D'Arcy mare by White Turk - Old Grey Royal (Probably Family 13).
Chestnut c.1712. Bred and owned by Leonard Hartley of Yorkshire, probably stood at Sir Ralph Milbanke's stud at Halnaby, Yorkshire, which is where he died in 1742. The above pedigree is from a statement by James D'Arcy (who bred Milbanke's black mare), included in Cuthbert Routh's stud-book [C.M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse], and does not agree with the GSB. Fairly popular sire who had some long-lasting influence through his daughters and the daughters of his sons. The Large Hartley mare (also Sachrissa, 1729), who stood 16 hands, produced two important racing colts and sires, Mogul (1735) and Babraham (1738), both by the Godolphin Arabian, and a 1733 filly by Hip important in Family 15. Daughter Young Nanny (Family 41), a chestnut of 1725 from Northern Nanny produced the 1738 racing colt Frolic (won at Carlisle in 1742); Stadholder (1742), winner of races in the late 1740s; Looby (1744 by Old Looby), also a winner; Soldier (1747) by Sedbury, and a filly by Traveller (1745) who produced Pussy (1763) and Comus (1758), both by Regulus. The Hartley Blind Horse also sired the mare who heads Family 67, dam of a Traveller mare, who produced Morwick Ball (1762) and Carbineer (1765). He also sired the sires and racehorses Bonny Batchelor (1730) and Oroonoko (1733, sired Venture) from Jennison's bay mare (c.1722); the racehorse Trusty from a sister to Castaway; and, from a Commoner mare, the excellent racemare and producer Cripple (1720, later Miss Neasham, then Mother Neasham) who produced a filly in 1732, was put back into racing in 1733-34, and then retired to produce a number of decent racehorses. He also sired Croft's Forester (1736), himself a prolific sire; Constable's Cottingham; Hutton's Spot (1728) (sire of mares in Family 8 and 16).
(Old) Hautboy
DAM: A Royal Mare.
Probably grey. Bred by James D'Arcy at Sedbury, Yorkshire, he purportedly ran in 1698 , beaten by Quainton in a match for 200 guineas, although it may have been his son, Grey Hautboy, who ran this race. He stood at the stud of "old" Mr. Wilkes and is seen in a number of early pedigrees. Bred to the D'Arcy Pet mare (Family 11), he got the racehorse and sire Clumsey (sire of Portmore's Fox, 1714), Sir John Parson's Wen Mare, and Grey Wilkes, ancestress of all Family 11 members, such as Venison and St. Simon. He also sired the dam of the Montagu mare (Family 12, ancestress of Eclipse); a mare important in Family 44 (ancestress of Bolton Sweepstakes); a mare important in Family 57; the dam of Lister's Snake (c. 1705), an important sire; the dam of three good racehorses and sires, Aleppo (1711), Almanzor (1713) and Terror (c.1715). He is also credited with siring Sir William Wyvill's mare, Clubfoot (Family 34) in the GSB, but this might be inaccurate, since Clubfoot was the dam of a Hautboy daughter. His two best sons were (Old) Wyndham and Grey Hautboy (see below).
(Grey) Hautboy
SIRE: (Old) Hautboy - D'ARCY WHITE TURK.
DAM: Not stated.
Bred by Sir William Strickland of Yorkshire, and probably stood at the Strickland stud. Described as a large grey horse, he covered mares between 1703 and the late teens, and was responsible for carrying the D'Arcy White Turk sire line forward through sons Bay Bolton (1705, sire of Sloven, Looby, Bolton Whitefoot and Bolton Starling) and Lamprie (1715, racehorse and sire). Other sons included Crutches (1705), Grey Ramsden (1704), and probably Wyndham (1719). He also got a full sister to Bay Bolton, dam of Spinner (1727, sire and racehorse) and his sister (172-) who was the dam of (Old) Traveller (1735), another important early sire. He may also have sired D'Arcy's Queen, an ancestress of Sampson (1745, by Blaze).
Helmsley Turk
This early stallion was in the stud at the great estate at Helmsley in Yorkshire. Thomas Fairfax, (3rd) Baron Cameron, was granted the estate in 1651, which was formerly owned by George Villiers, (1st) Duke of Buckingham and intimate of James I, by Oliver Cromwell for his services as parlimentarian general during the Civil War. In 1657, three years before the Restoration, George Villiers, (2nd) Duke of Buckingham, regained Helmsley by marrying Fairfax's daughter, Mary. It is not known if the horse was imported by Fairfax, or if he was a descendant of the fine imported horses Villiers (1st Duke) probably stocked Helmsley with during his tenure as Master of the Horse for James I. The GSB says the Helmsley Turk was "from the stud of Lord Fairfax, Helmsley, and became the property of the Duke of Buckingham [2nd]." Fairfax died in 1671, and we do not know the extent of his involvement with the Helmsley stud, if any, after it passed into the hands of his son-in-law, and since information about the Helmsley Turk's offspring indicates he was covering mares in the 1680s, it seems likely he was probably born between 1650 and 1671, probably more towards the latter year, and probably at Helmsley, rather than imported. His daughter, Vixen (Family 32, ancestress of Challacomb, Fitz-Gladiator, Fearnought) was from a mare (Dodworth's Dam) imported from Tangiers during the reign of Charles II (1660 -1685), and Vixen's birth date is estimated by the GSB as around 1686. A son, Hutton's Royal Colt, was sold by his breeder, Sir William Ramsden, to John Hutton (II) in 1700, and although we do not know his age at the time of his sale, it doesn't seem likely he was born prior to 1680. In addition to Vixen and the Royal Colt (seen as a sire in Family 8), he sired an unamed son who got the sire Morgan's Dun. His principal contribution to the breed, however, was his son Bustler, who got the famous Bustler mares of Families 8, 35, 37 and 44, and three important sons, Blunderbuss, (Old) Merlin and D'Arcy's Woodcock.
SIRE: Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Cypron by Blaze - Selima/Salome by Bethell's Arabian - mare by Champion - mare by Darley Arabian - (Old) Merlin (Family 26).
Bay 1758.
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Rachel by Blank - mare by Regulus - mare by Soreheels - Milbanke's Black Mare by Makeless - D'Arcy mare by White Turk - Old Grey Royal (Probably Family 13).
Brown 1774.
SIRE: Aleppo - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: mare by (Wharton's) Careless - mare by Old Smithson - mare by (Argyle) Wanton Willy. Bay 1724. Bred by S. Goodall and owned byEdward Coke (owner of the GODOLPHIN ARABIAN), Longford Hall, Derbyshire. He was a top racehorse who ran in matches and stakes over four miles, beating such horses as Conqueror, Miss Pert, and Eaton; his most important win was probably a stakes race at Newmarket on October 26, 1729, the third year of a 20 guineas sweepstakes in which some of the most important racehorses at Newmarket ran, such as Miss Halifax, Foxhunter, Jenny and Wellbeck. He was retired to Coke's stud, and was willed to Lord Godolphin upon Coke's death, thereafter standing at the Godolphin Gogmagog stud in Cambridgeshire. He got Shakespeare, another top race horse and later a good broodmare sire; Phantom, a good runner whose races were primarily in the north of England; Trimmer, who won some King's Plates at various venues and later was sent to Ireland. His daughters were good producers, and some ran well. Daughter Shireborn (1739) produced the highly influential Selima (Family 21), who was imported into America; Mab (1742 (Family 2) won top good races at Hambleton and Newmarket and later produced the sire Silvio (1754, by Cade) and his brother (1755); Brown Betty (1737), dam of the top race horse Mirza (1749, by Godolphin Arabian) and a principal founder of Family 21.
Holderness Turk
Imported around 1704 from Constantinople during the reign of Queen Anne, he apparently stood at the royal stud at Hampton Court, although his name suggests an association with Robert D'Arcy, (3rd) Earl of Holderness, of Hornby Castle and kinsman to James D'Arcy of Sedbury. Influential through the daughters of his sons, Hartley's Blind Horse (see above), and Old Royal, the latter the sire of Bald Charlotte (1721, Family 40). Also sired a filly from a Rutland Black Barb mare for Leonard Hartley of Yorkshire, the dam of a number of foals produced between 1723 and 1729, and a mare for the Duke of Leeds, grandam of Osmar (1761, by Bajazet) and Cassandra (1754, by Whitenose).
Honywood Arabian (Williams Turk/Turner's White Turk)
Grey c.1705. May have been imported. Apparently first owned by Sir John Williams, then sold to the grandson of the Cromwellian general Sir Thomas Honywood of Marks Hall, Essex, and later sold to Sir Charles Turner. Of significance for having sired a filly from Bowes' Byerley Turk mare, from whom all of Family 3 descends. He also got the two horses named True Blue, the eldest (1710) "...the best Plate Horse in England for four or five years." The younger horse, Young True Blue (1718) was "in a very high form," and sired the Rumford Gelding and Onslow's Grey Horse, "middling horses, out of road mares."
The Huttons of Marske
The Hutton family was established at Marske Hall, near Richmond in Yorkshire at the end of the 16th century, and through marriage was associated with the Bowes, D'Arcy and other families whose names are inextricably linked with the development of the thoroughbred. The Huttons were associated with thoroughbreds through the 20th century, but their principal influence spanned three generations of fathers and sons, all named John, from the late 17th century through the late 18th century. The horses listed on this page, identified as "Hutton's" were all bred or stood at stud by John Hutton II (1657-1730); other important stallions in the Marske stud, often from Marske-bred mares or sires, are listed under the appropriate alphabetized page. See Surley, Coneyskins, (Hutton's) Blacklegs, (Hutton's) Spot, Phantom, Marske, (Young) Marske.
Hutton's Bay Barb (Mulso Bay Turk)
Bay c. 1715-20. Origin not determined. Owned by John Hutton II of Marske Hall, Yorkshire. Covered a filly by Bay Bolton (Bay Bolton born 1705) who is seen early in several branches of Family 8. He also got the important sires and good racehorses (Hutton's) Blacklegs(1725), and Black Chance (1732, from a Hutton Surley mare). The GSB says the Pigot Turk was also known as the Mulso Bay Turk--the Pigot Turk sired a grey filly in 1724 called (Egerton) Nanny, from a mare (Old Country Wench) bred by a near-neighbor of Hutton's.
Hutton's Grey Barb
Grey 16--. The GSB says this horse was given by King William (III) to John Hutton in 1700. He is in the pedigree of many early sires and mares at the Marske stud (n.b. there was another Hutton Grey Barb who covered horses in the 1760s). Sired a filly from Hutton's Royal Colt mare, in Family 8; Bowes (c. 1710) in Family 2, and her brother, the racehorse and sire Surley (1708); a filly from a Selaby Turk mare in Family 58.

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