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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: C

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions


Cardinal Puff
Cardinal Puff
(Warren's) Careless

Old Cartouch
Old Cartouch

Wilson's Champion


Old Crab


Cullen Arabian
Cullen Arabian
(Old) Cade
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Roxana by Bald Galloway - mare by Acaster Turk (Lord Carlisle's White Turk) - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - Family 6 or Wyvill's Roan Mare.
Bay 1734. Bred by Francis, (2nd) Earl Godolphin. Fourth, and most important son of the broodmare Roxana, he carried on the Godolphin Line through his sons, the speedy Matchem and Changeling, sire of Le Sang and grandsire of two good racehorses, Bourbon (St. Leger) and Duchess (Doncaster Cup). Orphaned and raised on cow's milk, Cade was retained in the Godolphin stud for eleven years, then sold to Thomas Meredith of Easby, for whom he won several King's Plates; he died at Easby Abbey in 1756. Other offspring included Young Cade, who got a number of good broodmares, the race filly Sultana, and the foundation mare of Family 45; two important mares in Family 2, and one each in families 4, 15, 20, and Family 15. Some of his progeny were purchased to the U.S., including Wildair and Kitty Fisher.
(Young) Cade
SIRE: (Old) Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Miss Partner by Partner - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1747. Bred by John Croft, Barforth, Yorkshire. Never raced, but an attractive and popular stallion who got a number of winners. From around 30 horses listed in the GSB, his best included the racehorse Royal George (1760); Julius Caesar (1757); Cadmus (1765), Drone (1761, from Herod's dam); Dairy Maid (1765, dam of the racehorses Thunderbolt and Lightning, both by Eclipse); and the great racemare Masquerade (1771); the unnamed mare who was dam of the racehorses Pompey (1774) and Comet (1782); Clio (1760, Family 35), the dam of Miss Hervey (1775) and through her ancestress of Haphazard, Bustard and others. He is also seen in Families 45, and 63. Died in 1764 at Middleton Tyas in Yorkshire.
Cardinal Puff
SIRE: Babraham - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Shafto's Grey-legged Mare by Snip - sister to Trip by (Old) Partner - Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks - mare by (Old) Greyhound - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb Mare (Family 4).
Grey 1760. Bred by Jenison Shafto of Sussex. Ran for Shafto at age 4, beating Confederate in a match for 500 guineas. Sold to Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor, he ran for five more years in various big purse matches and plates, at distances from 2 to 4 miles. Among his wins were the King's Plate at Newmarket October meet in 1766; a King's Purse in 1767 at Newmarket, and the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket in 1769. He retired in 1770 to the Grosvenor stud.
(Old) Careless
DAM: Barb mare.
Chestnut, c. 1690. Bred by Edward Leedes, Great Milforth, Yorkshire. Top racehorse of his day, he ran under Lord Wharton's colors. In 1698 he was beaten by the King's horse, Stiff Dick, giving 5 st. in weight, over a 5 mile course. The following spring he ran against a mare owned by the Duke of Devonshire in a 1900 match over 6 miles at the Newmarket Spring Meeting, which he won. Eventually, according contemporary accounts, he "ceased to run at Newmarket merely for lack of competition." When Careless was 14 years old, Lord Wharton refused a 700 offer for him, and presented him to Leedes, by whom he had been bred. Careless stood at the important Leedes stud in Yorkshire. He got a number of horses, including Betty Leedes, important in Family 6 (dam of Flying Childers and Bartlett's Childers).
(Warren's) Careless
SIRE: Regulus - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Silvertail (Warren's) by (Henage's) Whitenose - mare by Rattle - mare by Darley Arabian - the Old Child mare by Gresley's Bay Arabian - Vixen (Cook's) by Helmsley Turk - Dodsworth's Dam (Family 32).
Chestnut 1751. Bred by John Borlace Warren, his dam also got the important horses Sportsman (Cade), Fearnought (Regulus) and Whimsey (Cullen Arabian). He ran from 1755 to 1761, unbeaten until 1758, at age 7, when he ran second in a plate race to Atlas. The following year he was beaten again by Atlas at Newmarket, in a purse for 100 guineas, but won the Great Subscription stakes at York later that year, although he fell lame in the running of it. In 1760, carrying the higher weight, he finally triumphed over his unbeaten arch-rival, Atlas, in the York Great Subscription stakes, his only race that year, which was memorialized in verse due to the great popular interest and high sums bet on it. On the death of his owner-breeder, he was sold to the (2nd) Duke of Kingston, who stood him at stud. He got the colts and racehorses Regulator (1767) and Alderman (1773), and several unnamed daughters, including the dam of Plutus and Pluto, the dam of of La France, and the dam of Eloisa and Leapfrog.
Carlisle White Turk
C. 1700 (?). Lord Carlisle was Charles Howard, the 3rd Earl of Carlisle (1669-1738), who was the owner of the Carlisle White Turk (probably known also as the Acaster Turk), and probably the Carlisle Barb (probably a different horse, also known as the Strickland Turk) as well. He had an estate at Naworth Castle in Cumberland, and a showplace, Castle Howard, near York, designed by Charles Vanbrugh. His second son, Colonel (Charles) Howard, is listed as breeder of some of the horses mentioned here. The Carlisle White Turk -- The only place this horse is mentioned in the GSB is as the sire of the Wharton mare (Family 17, "got by his [Carlisle's] Turk," dam of the racehorse the Carlisle Gelding (1713) and of Old Lady (c.1720) and two others (see below)). However, in Edward Coke's (first recorded owner of the Godolphin Arabian) stud book [C.M. Prior, The Royal Studs] the dam of Coke's mare Roxana (1718, dam of Lath, Roundhead, Cade) was stated to be by "Ld Carlisle's White Turk," as was the dam of "The Bald'd Mare. The GSB says the sire of the dams of these two mares was the Acaster Turk, which argues for the Carlisle White Turk and the Acaster Turk being one and the same. Yet another sister, Silverlocks (1725, also in Coke's stud) has the same pedigree as Roxana in the GSB. So does The Bald Galloway Mare (1719, dam of Cato (1731), Trusty (1735), and a filly by Partner), apparently another sister of Roxana. According to the GSB, the dam (Acaster Turk mare) of Roxana and her siblings had a brother, the racehorse Chaunter (1710); both Chaunter and his sister were from the Leedes Arabian Mare (sometimes called Cream Cheeks, Family 6). Another Acaster Turk mare, daughter of a son of Pulleine's Arabian, was the dam of (William's) Squirrel (1719), Molly in the Moss (1721), and the sire Easby Snake (also called Smith's Son of Snake, c. 1720, ancestor of Eclipse).
The Carlisle Barb
C.1712. The Carlisle Barb has two offspring listed in the GSB, a 1722 filly and a 1723 horse named Squirrel (not the famous, almost contemporary William's Squirrel) from the Wharton mare (Family 17) who was got by by Lord Carlisle's Turk(see above). It seems probable the Carlisle Barb was a different horse from the Carlisle Turk, it being unlikely such close in-breeding would be effected, and he is noted in the GSB as being called "a foreign horse of Sir C.W. Strickland" in the Racing Calendar. Sir William Strickland lived at Boynton Hall in Yorkshire, near York, and served as an M.P. for Carlisle. The Carlisle Barb is proabably the same horse as the Strickland Turk. The Strickland Turk is listed as the sire of one horse in the GSB, the colt Bat (1723) from the same dam of Roxanna and Silverlocks. He is described in the GSB as "...a foreign horse, of Sir W. Strickland's, also as Carlisle's Barb, about 1712." His description, and his covering date that produced Bat (1723) indicate he was the same horse as the Carlisle Barb (not, however, the same as the Carlisle Turk).
(Old) Cartouch
SIRE: Bald Galloway - ST. VICTOR BARB
DAM: Mare by Croft's Bay Barb (Cripple Barb) - mare by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - mare by Layton Violet Barb (Family 4).
Grey 1717. Bred by Lewis Elstob of Yorkshire, then purchased by Sir William Morgan who owned him as a racehorse and later stood him at stud, initially at his estate in Wales. He was later sold to a Mr. Chambers of Yorkshire, where he got most of his important foals. Reportedly less than 14 hand high, he probably ran in Galloway races, since old-time sportsmen asserted no horse in "the kingdom" could beat him carrying weight of "eight to twelve stone." He sired the dam of Neptune and Silverleg, both racehorses, and the dam of Uptail (not in the GSB), who ran at Newmarket in 1727; his most influential son was Young Cartouch, who got Silverleg (purportedly out of a half-sister), a good racehorse in the late 1740s, and a number of important broodmares.
(Young) Cartouch
SIRE: (Old) Cartouch - Bald Galloway - ST. VICTOR BARB.
DAM: Mare by Hampton Court Chestnut Arabian - Pet mare by Wastell's Turk - mare by Hautboy - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
1731. Bred by the Duke of Somerset. Sired the mid-century racehorse Whynot (1750); the racemare Miss Harvey ("The Flying Mare," 1754, dam of Jolly Roger (1765) and Sloven (1771)); Spider (1752); racemare and producer Golden Grove (1760); unnamed mare (1750), second dam of Florizel (1768, by Herod), seen in Family 5; an unnamed mare (c. 174-), dam of the racehorses Creampot (1755) and Flirt (1758), and of a filly by Oroonoko who sent the Family 52 female line forward. In all, has about 15 offspring listed in the GSB. Died in 1759.
SIRE: (Old) Merlin - Bustler - HELMSLEY TURK.
DAM: Sister to Ruffler by a son of Brimmer - Dick Burton's mare (Family 31).
Bay 1704. Bred and run by Hugh Bethell of Yorkshire. Brother to Woodcock, and a filly by the Darley Arabian, the latter establishing a female line leading to such racehorses as Wanton, The Speaker and Wallace. He ran in the north of England towards the end of the first decade of the eighteenth century, and won the Queen's Cup at Kiplingcotes in 1710 and a 20 plate in a race, four mile heats, over Clifton and Rawcliffe Ings in 1711. Sired a mare important in descent in Family 15, and also two sisters in Family 40, one the dam of Quiet Cuddy (sire of Jenny Cameron, imported to the U.S.), and the race colts Favourite and Conqueror; the other sister was the grandam of the sire and racehorse Grey Childers, and also produced Ladylegs (a.k.a. Bald Charlotte), an important early race mare.
(Graham's) Champion
DAM: Mare by Hautboy (dam of Almanzor and Terror) (Family 53).
Bay 1707. There are several early horses named Champion in thoroughbred breeding. This Champion ran in the teens in the north--he was beaten by Bagpiper in a four mile plate race on the Yorkshire moors in 1714. His primary contribution to the breed is as sire of Selina's dam, the grandam of (King) Herod. He also sired the dam of (Bolton's) Goliah, who in turn sired (Vavasour's) Champion (1739), a 14.2 hand horse who ran during the 1740s against such horses as Torismond and Dormouse. Another, earlier Champion, by Sir Littleton's Osberton Arabian, sired Old Pert (c.1705), an important stallion in the Duke of Ancaster's stud who is seen in Families 14 and 28 through his daughters. Yet another Champion was foaled later in the century (see below).
(Wilson's) Champion
SIRE: Pot-8-Os - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Pot-8-Os Branch
DAM: Huncamunca by Highflyer - Cypher by Squirrel - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - sister to the two True Blues by Honeywood's Arabian - dam of the two True Blues by Byerley Turk (Family 3).
Bay 1797. Bred by Christopher Wilson ("Father of the Turf") of Tadcaster. Ran for two years; in 1800 won the Derby, with the assistance of his stable mate Surprise, and the St. Leger, the first horse to win both classic races. He won also a 300 guineas, two mile race at the Newmarket Spring meeting. The next year, having been sold to Lord Darlington, he won a 200 guineas sweep at the Newmarket Craven meet, a 200 guineas match against Warter at Newmarket and several other races, but failed in the Doncaster Cup, running third. In 1802 he broke down running a 1,000 guineas match against Lethe. Sold to Colonel Lumm and shipped to Ireland for stud duty.
SIRE: Woodpecker - Highflyer - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Eclipse - Rosebud by Snap - Miss Belsea by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - sister of the two True Blues by Honeyood's Arabian - dam of the two True Blues by Byerley Turk (Family 3).
Chestnut 1787. Bred by George O'Brien Wyndham, (3rd) Earl of Egremont. Later sold to and run by Charles James Fox. Ran between 1789 and 1792 at Newmarket; he won a 500 guineas match against Dragon at age 2, was later beaten by the same horse in a 1,000 guineas match at age 4. Sent to Ireland to stud. He sired Bob Booty, an important Irish sire, and also Ellermire, dam of The Ill-Used, the latter imported into the U.S. by August Belmont and ancestor of such significant American horses as His Highness, Broomstick, Princess Nettie, Lady Madge, and so forth.
(Bartlett's) Childers
SIRE: DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Betty Leedes by Old Careless - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - Mare by Spanker (to Family 6) or Wyville Roan Mare.
(Flying) Childers
SIRE: DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Betty Leedes by Old Careless - Cream Cheeks by Leedes Arabian - Mare by Spanker (to Family 6) or Wyville Roan Mare. Bay 1715.
(Smales' or Young) Childers
SIRE: Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Whynot (Probably Family 62).
Chillaby (King William's White Barb)
Imported c.1700. Stood at stud at Hampton Court, which was revitalized when William III and Mary ascended the throne, after James II was de-throned (1688). The horse was imported from Barbary (North Africa), along with the mare Slugey ("a natural barb") carrying his foal ((Old) Greyhound). The agent for importation was Richard Marshall, the King's Master of the Royal Stud, who also served in the same post for Queen Anne in the next reign. Sired the aforementioned Greyhound, seen in a number of early pedigrees; Croft's Bay Barb (out of another Hampton Court mare, the Moonah Barb mare); the Farmer Mare (foundation mare of Family 27).
SIRE: (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK.
DAM: D'Arcy Pet Mare (possibly by D'Arcy White Turk) - Sedbury Royal mare (Family 11).
Grey 1705. Bred by Mr. Wilkes, later sold to Sir George Warburton. Significant as the sire of the 1720s racehorse and important sire Fox (1714) and Fox Cub (1714), both bred by Sir Ralph Ashton from Leedes Arabian mares. Clumsey's sister, Grey Wilkes, is a mainspring of Family 11.
(Croft's/Old) Commoner
The GSB says this horse was by Place's White Turk (imported 1657), but other information indicates he was actually by D'Arcy's White Turk, who was covering mares in the 1690s; his dam is not noted. A portrait (1741-45) of Squirrel by James Seymour gives his pedigree, noting that Hautboy was by the "White Darcy Turk, which got Commoner." (Croft's) Commoner was probably bred by James D'Arcy or by John Croft (d. 1729-30) of Barforth, Yorkshire, who was closely allied with the D'Arcy family at Sedbury. The GSB only lists offspring attributed to his son, (Wharton's) Commoner, but from both the dates and locations of the studs, at least one of them should probably attributed to Croft's horse. Although attributed to Wharton's Commoner in the GSB index, a mare listed in the main GSB pages as an "(Old) Commoner Mare" produced a number of foals by (Old) Greyhound and other horses between 1717-1729 for John Croft. From the Ancaster stud book, "Old" Commoner is noted as sire of the Somerset Mare (Family 28). Finally, a horse owned by the Duke of Rutland, called D'Arcy Commoner, ran at Nottingham in 1714, who could be this same Croft/Old Commoner horse.
(Wharton's) Commoner
SIRE: (Croft's) Commoner - WHITE TURK.
DAM: dam of Creeping Molly by a foreign horse.
This horse was owned by Sir Michael Wharton of Yorkshire. According to Cuthbert Routh's stud book, Creeping Molly's (and therefore Wharton Commoner's) dam was "a little white legged barb of Mr. Curwens out of a mare nobody can give any account of." See notes for Croft's Commoner above. This horse is listed in the GSB index as sire of all the Commoner horses, but is only noted specifically within the pages of the GSB as sire of a grey filly (half-sister to Bald Charlotte, no date but c. 1715, bred by Mr. Witty), who was the dam of the racehorse and sire Grey Childers (1726) and a filly by Sultan (Family 40). Also, from the dates of her offspring, sired the dam of the great producing mare Cripple (1720, a.k.a. Miss or Mother Neasham); the racemare Favourite (1725) and the racehorse and sire Firetail (1729).
Compton Barb (Sedley Arabian)
Grey c.1755-60(?). Unknown parentage. May have been imported. As the Compton Barb sired several horses for Richard Vernon, M.P. for Bedford and an avid turfite (owned Woodpecker, among other top race horses), including Coquette (1765, Family 11), dam of Camilla by Trentham and Egremont's Driver (1783) and Infanta (1765). Purchased by Sir Charles Sedley, owner of Trentham and other good racehorses, and influential Jockey Club member. The horse became known as the Sedley Gray Arabian, and sired a dozen or so more foals under that name between 1767 and 1775. There, he sired Greyling (1766) and his sisters, taproots of Family 29--one was the dam of Doctor (1776, by Goldfinder), the other of Matronalia (1776 by Goldfinder) and Guildford (by Mambrino, 1784). Other offspring by this horse included the racehorse Hero (1770) and the 1775 filly Miranda, and a 1771 filly by Careless bred a filly by the Compton Barb, also called the Sedley Arabian.
SIRE: Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Snap - mare by Cullen Arabian - Grisewood's Lady Thigh by Partner- mare by Greyhound - Sophonisba's dam by the Curwen Bay Barb - mare by Lord Darcy's Chesnut Arabian - mare by Whiteshirt - Old Montagu Mare (Family 12).
Chestnut 1767. Conductor was owned by Mr. Pratt, and was one of his sire's best runners, winning ten races, and proving typical for the durability and honesty of Matchem's offspring. He was the first foal of his dam, and a full brother to two other good sons of Matchem, Alfred and Dictator. While not the best racing son of Matchem, he is his most important in an historic sense, since it's through Conductor that the Godolphin Arabian's male line passes into the present. His best sons were Imperator, the sire of Pipator, and Trumpator, who was even more influential than his own sire, getting Sorceror, Paynator, and Penelope among his many important offspring. Conductor also sired the mare Nelly, a link in the #10 Family through her daughter Dairymaid (by Diomed). Conductor died in August of 1790 at 23 years of age.
DAM: Mare by (Old) Jigg - pedigree not extended.
Grey 1712. Bred by John Manners, (2nd) Duke of Rutland, sold after his racing career in 1720 to John Hutton at Marske in Yorkshire, where he stood at stud. He won a gold cup at York and royal cups at Nottingham, Lincoln and also at Newmarket. At the important Hutton stud at Marske he got the Coneyskins mare, seen in Family 8 (4th dam of Marske, sire of Eclipse; ancestress of Orville, Rapid Rhone, Melton, The Colonel, Humphrey Clinker and others), and the dam of Routh's Surley (winner of Richmond stakes and gold cup at York in 1724) and his sister, the dam of Hutton's Spot. This mare also produced (Hutton's) Blacklegs, a racehorse and sire, also seen in Marske's pedigree. Coneyskins also got the second dam of Phantom (1737, by Hobgoblin), another early racehorse and sire who stood at Marske.
Conyers Arabian
Covered mares around 1715-1725, he was probably in the stud of King George I at Hampton Court. He sired the Grey White Neck mare, bred by the Duke of Devonshire, later (1736) in the (2nd) Earl of Godolphin's stud producing foals--she was an ancestress of the grey Pacolet and, through him, Camillus. The Conyers Arabian also got the racehorse and sire, Hodge's Centurion (grandsire of the 1749 racehorse Tantivy), and Smiling Tom, racehorse and sire (grandsire of Bachelor (1753)). The Conyers Arabian is also in the pedigree of Aimwell (1750 by Babraham), via a Hampton Court Childers mare.
Coombe Arabian
Grey c.1760. The GSB says this horse also went under the names Pigot Arabian and Bolingbroke Grey Arabian. He was grey; all but one of his offspring were grey (and she, bay), a number from bay or other colored mares. Covered mares between 1768 and 1773, most of them by Cade, Blank or Spectator. He only appears to have bred one horse for Pigot, probably Baron George Pigot who was governor of Madras in the late 1760s and early '70s, but the GSB lists his name as Coombe Arabian, not Pigot Arabian, although Pigot is shown as the breeder of some foals from the same mares who were bred to the Coombe Arabian by different breeders. Also bred a number of foals for the Duke of Grafton and for Henry Vernon under the Coombe name. The Bolingbroke Arabian bred horses for the (2nd) Viscount Bolingbroke (owner of Turf, Gimcrack, etc.) and several others, those with colors listed were mostly chestnut, with only one grey listed (Phillipo). His covering dates run from 1768-1773. It is possible they were two different horses--the Coombe/Pigot Arabian and the Bolingbroke Arabian. The Coombe Arabian sired over a dozen youngsters, including the racehorse Methodist (1768), the dam of Crop, Thetford, Grace (1768, Family 47), Minima (1768), Miller (1769), Pastime (1768), and Delina (1768). The Bolingbroke Arabian got around six foals, including Phillipo (1768) and Pink (1773). The Coombe Arabian may have been imported, since his dates are consistent with the wave of imported oriental horses of the mid-century. The Coombe name is a mystery, however, there is a Qom (pronounced Koomb), a long-time center of one of the Islamic sects, in central Iran (then Persia), and things Persian, such as enamels and rugs, were popular during this period in England.
(D'Arcy's) Counsellor
SIRE: (Londsdale's) Counsellor - [son of Shaftesbury Turk] - SHAFTESBURY TURK.
DAM: Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bred by James D'Arcy, Sedbury, Yorkshire. He sired the fillies Bay Layton (Family 4) and Grey Layton, both probably bred by D'Arcy, and also a filly who was dam of Bay Farewell (Family 4) by Makeless, bred by John Croft at Barforth, Yorkshire. Also sired Wood's Counsellor (see below).
(Londsdale's) Counsellor
SIRE: [son of Shaftesbury Turk] - SHAFTESBURY TURK.
DAM: [mare by D'Arcy White Turk] - mare by D'Arcy Yellow Turk - Old Bald Peg (Family 6). The information in brackets is an addenda to that in the GSB provided to Cuthbert Routh and included in his stud book of 1716-1752 (as published by C.M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse).
Bred by Sir William Lowther (1st) Viscount Lonsdale whose seat was in Cumbria. Lonsdale's Counsellor's contribution to the breed was to sire D'Arcy's Counsellor (see above).
(Wood's) Counsellor
SIRE: (D'Arcy's) Counsellor - - Counsellor [son of Shaftesbury Turk] - SHAFTESBURY TURK.
DAM: Mare by Makeless - Sir Hugh Cholmondeley's Barb mare.
GSB says he was born in 1694, but the date seems early for his known progeny, and questionable for his dam. Bred by Mr. Egerton. Sired Thunderbolt (1723) and his sister, the dam of the racehorse Fig (1733), Coughing Polly and her sister, Miss Mayes (dam of Farmer, later Skim, and Miss Doe) by Bartlett's Childers, Family 19.
(Old or Lord Portmore's) Crab
DAM: Mare by Basto - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Curwen's) Old Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Old Vintner Mare (Family 9).
Grey 1722. Bred by Charles Pelham of Lincolnshire. "A horse of size and strength, and was in a very high form with regard to running....he is at this time (tho a cripple) greatly esteem'd as a stallion." He ran for two years, in 1728 and 1729, primarily at distances of 4 miles, beating such horses as Victorious and Cleopatra. He broke down during the second heat of an 80 guineas race at Stamford and was retired to Thomas Panton's stud at Newmarket, where he died in 1750 at the age of 28. The most important son of the Alcock Arabian and one of the horses who transmitted grey coats, through his daughters and his son's daughters to the present. Sired the racehorse Spectator (1749); (Routh's) Crab (see below); (Shepherd's) Crab, and (Duke of Cumberland's) Crab (also bred by Cuthbert Routh); the racehorses and sires Bustard (1741) and Othello (1743); the racehorse and sire Rib (winner Ladies' Plate at Lincoln in 1742 and other races); Onslow's Whynot; the "dun" racehorse and sire Brilliant, and others who carried on the Alcock sire line for a few generations. His daughters included the the racemare Black Eyes (1741), later a broodmare; the mare Spinster (1743), important in Family 4; Hag (1744) and Young Ebony (1742), both seen in Family 5; Mab (1740) and an un-named mare in Family 9; a mare in Family 15.
(Routh's) Crab
DAM: Crop by Greyhound - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian -mare by Whiteshirt - mare by Old Montagu - mare by (Old) Hautboy - mare by Brimmer- Royal Mare (Family 12).
Grey 1736. Bred by Cuthbert Routh, Yorkshire. Sold to Lord Portmore (Portmore at one time owned 3 different Crabs) in 1741. He won a 50 plate at Epsom in 1741.
(Shepherd's) Crab
DAM: Spinster (the Widdrington Mare) by (Old) Partner - Bay Bloody Buttocks by Bloody Buttocks - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb Mare (Family 4).
Chestnut 1747. Run by Richard Vernon in the 1750s at Huntingdon (1753) and elsewhere. Sired Protector (1763, later exported to America, called Lath); the racemare Molly (1759); the racehorse Spy (1759), a 1760 mare in Family 15, and others.
SIRE: Tandem - Syphon - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Harriet - Flora - mare by Barlett's Childers - mare by Bay Bolton - mare by Belgrade Turk (Family 22).
Bay 1789. Bred by the (9th) Duke Hamilton, in 1786 and sold at age 3 to Mr. Broadhurst, he was later resold to the Prince of Wales (1791), and then sold again to Christopher Wilson (end of 1791 season). He ran from ages 4 to 8, winning the Craven Stakes (Newmarket-1791), and a number of sweeps, purses and matches at Newmarket, York, Burford, and elswhere.
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: The Blind Mare (sister to Blossom) by Crab - mare by Flying Childers - Miss Belvoir by Grantham - mare by Pagett Turk - Betty Perceival by Leedes Arabian - Family 6 or Wyvill Roan mare.
Grey 1750. Cripple's dam was purchased in 1749 by Francis, (2nd) Earl of Godolphin, and he probably foaled out Cripple for the (10th) Earl Eglinton, at the Godolphin stud. Best known as the sire of the popular, long-running Gimcrack (1760), and therefore grandsire of Medley, who produced so many important American matriarchs after export to the U.S. Also sired Doncaster Cup winner Tantrum.
Croft's Bay Barb (Cripple Barb)
DAM: Moonah Barb Mare (Family 21).
Bay c.1708. Bred at Hampton Court during Queen Anne's reign, from the Moonah Barb mare, who was imported in utero in 1699. At Hampton Court he bred two fillies from a sister to Brown Farewell (by Makeless), who had been given to the Queen by John Croft of Barforth, Yorkshire, the latter closely associated with the D'Arcy family at Sedbury of whose breeding the gift mare was. The first filly bred (Old) Cartouch (1717, see above), a famous racehorse and sire, and another racehorse, Button. The second filly bred the racehorse Centurion. By 1712 Croft's Bay Barb was probably at Croft's stud in Yorkshire; there he bred a 1713 chestnut filly, Scar, from Croft's mare Bay Layton (Family 4), and a 1715 colt from Bay Layton's daughter, Chestnut Layton. He also got fillies in the Thornton mare line at Croft's stud: Lusty Thornton (c.1713, from Chestnut Thornton), important in Family 2, and a 1714 filly from a sister to Old Thornton (by Brimmer).
Cullen Arabian
Imported 1745. Brown.
Curwen's Bay Barb (Sometimes Pelham Bay Barb)
Bay c.1690; imported 1698.
Cyprus Arabian
Belonged to John Manners, Duke of Ruthland, probably both the second (d. 1721) and third dukes, and presumably imported via Cyprus, under Ottoman rule, although his origin in that empire is not recorded. The GSB says he was "probably the same as the Hampton-Court chestnut Arabian." He was covering mares in the teens and 1720s. He got at least four unnamed mares, one the dam of the good racehorses Spanking Roger (1732) and Grantham (1741), both sires; the dam of Tawney, one of the horses used in the famous March (Queensbury) carriage match against time, also the dam (daughter of Bonny Black) of the race filly Chicken (dam of Gustavus and others), and a filly by Young True Blue who carried Family 39 forward; a 1720 filly from (Old) Crab's dam, seen in Family 9, who was the dam of Switch and the good race colt Kouli Khan; the dam of Poppet (1732) and Chuff (1736). The Hampton Court Chestnut Arabian got the dam of Bluster (1737, by Fearnought); the colt Red Rose and the dam of Young Cartouch (1731), both from the Pet Mare; the dam (by Sweepstakes) of Whistlejacket (1749) and the racehorses Beggar (1755) and Ticklepitcher (1757); Lady Cow (1725), the dam of Marksman; and possibly Diana, dam of Vixen (1737), and the filly Chiddy (1733) from Bald Charlotte.

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