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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: G

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions


Godolphin Arabian
Godolphin Arabian



Gregory Arabian
Gregory Arabian

Grosvenor Arabian
Grosvenor Arabian
(Sir. T.) Gascoigne's Foreign Horse
Unknown date, probably c.1700, from his name apparently imported. Of importance because he sired a mare, Daffodil's Dam (c. 1710) who is the foundation mare of Family 20. Daffodil (1725, Portmore's, by the Bald Galloway) was a good racehorse who ran at Newmarket in the early 1730s. Sir Thomas Gascoigne, 4th Baronet, had a seat near Leeds, Yorkshire. A later, indirect, descendant (the 4th Baronet dying without issue), Sir Thomas, 8th Baronet, was an M.P. and man of many interests, among them racehorses: in the late 1770s he won the St. Leger with Hollandaise, Tommy and Symmetry, and the Oaks with Theophania.
Gibson's Grey Arabian (Barrington Arabian)
Gr.c. 17--. Purchased in Arabia Felix (now Yemen, and parts of other countries in the south Arabian peninsula). Probably initially owned by the Barrington family of Essex. Sired the 1765 bay colt Probation for the Duke of Grafton from the famous mare Julia, dam of Promise and Princess. He also got the racemare Dairymaid (Harpur's, 1772); the grey colt Rushbrook out of a Cade mare (1768); the bay colt Tribune (1766) and Don Felix (1767), and a grey filly (1769) from a Blank Mare.
SIRE: Cripple - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Miss Eliot by (Grisewood's) Partner - Caelia by (Croft's) Partner - Grey Brocklesby by Bloody Buttocks - Brocklesby by Greyhound - Brocklesby Betty by Curwen Bay Barb - Hobby mare by Lister Turk - (Kingston's) Piping Peg (Family 23).
Grey 1760.
Godolphin Arabian Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
Imported c. 1729.
Godolphin Brown Western Barb
Brown 1743. Purchased from Mr. Belcher in 1750, stood at the Earl of Godolphin's stud in Cambridgeshire, until 1756, when he was purchased by Thomas Larkin. From 1757 through 1761 he stood at Richmond in Yorkshire for a stud fee of 2 guineas per mare. While in the Godolphin stud, he sired sixteen foals there, although none of the six fillies appear in the General Stud Book. Of his sons, one, a bay colt (1752, from Child mare) sold to Sir John Moore, ran at Burford in 1757; Markwell (1754, from Child mare) ran in the late '50s; Hazard (1756, from sister to Blossom) was also a racehorse for Sir John Moore.
Godolphin Grey Barb
Grey. Owned by Francis, (2nd) Earl Godolphin, Babraham, Cambridgeshire, later sold. His date and history are unknown. He covered the Sister to Tortoise (by Whitefoot, dam of the Gower Stallion) some time after 1741 to produce a mare who was the dam of Coomb (1749 by Janus), Louisa (1750 by Babraham), and several other horses. He also sired Sir John Moore's Venture (1744). It appears he was sold fairly early in the existence of the Godolphin stud, since he is not listed in the Godolphin stud book covering the dates 1734-1763.
Gohanna (Brother to Precipitate)
SIRE: Mercury - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Mare by Herod - Maiden - Mr. Pratt's Old Mare - mare by Mogul - Camilla - Old Lady - Rockwood mare - Helmsley Turk mare (Family 24).
Bay 1790. Bred by the Earl of Egremont. Born in the same year as Waxy, he ran second to him in the Derby, but won a number of other major races at Newmarket that year, beating Druid and other top horses. At age 4 he won the Claret Stakes at the Newmarket First Spring meeting, and several other major races for a thousand guineas or more, but again fell second to Waxy in the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket. He ran every year to 1800, a total of 8 years altogether, to the age of 11, winning plates and matches, but losing more frequently as the years went on. Although he saved his highest praise for his own mount, Waxy, Waxy's jockey in many of the meetings with Gohanna (all but one of which Waxy won), did state Gohanna "was one of the most beautiful moulds ever seen, a perfect 'multum in parvo." The Druid noted, "...Gohanna was a plain, powerful, hunter-like style of horse...got his stock with great power, on short legs; and, if they exceeded fifteen-one, it was beyond average. His stock all had broad foreheads, small noses, prominent eyes, and were generally very speedy and staying." He got a number of top racing sons and sires, including Election, Golumpus, Canopus and Cardinal Beaufort, and through Golumpus carried this branch of the Darley Arabian line forward, with a branch, via great-grandson Trustee, setting root in the U.S. His daughters, many in the stud of Lord Egremont, produced a number of runners and broodmares of high quality, including Derby winner Moses, Tramp, Matilda, Rachel, and Rushlight (by Whalebone).
(Northumberland) Golden Arabian
SIRE: (Old) Snap - Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Blank - mare by Regulus (Nettles' dam) - mare by Lonsdale Bay Arabian - Bonny Lass by Bay Bolton - mare by Darley Arabian - mare by Byerley Turk - mare by Taffolet Barb - mare by Place's White Turk mare - Tregonwell Natural Barb mare (Family 1)
Bay 1764. Bred by John St. Leger Douglas of Essex and sold as a 3 year old to Jenison Shafto. Unbeaten in three seasons of racing at Newmarket, though lightly raced. His wins included the Ascot Stakes in 1768, the Gold Cup in an 1800 guineas sweep at the 1769 October Newmarket meeting, and a half-dozen other races, beating the top horses of his time. In 1770 he broke down during a training run in October. He retired to Shafto's stud, but was sold in the fall of 1771 for 1,350 guineas, to Sir Charles Sedley and was placed in service at his stud near Notthingham. When Sedley died, Goldfinder was sold again and stood at Coxe's Farm near Mitchem, Surrey. He got some good racehorses and broodmares, including the dam of Torrent (by Herod), the dam of John Bull (by Boston), the dam of Coiner (Saltram) and Miss Coiner (Don Quixote), and Manilla, the dam of Dexter, Nettle and Flycatcher. He also got sons Molecatcher and Goldfinder, the latter imported into the U.S. He died in 1789 at the age of 25.
Gower Stallion
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Sister to Tortoise by Whitefoot - Amorett (Little Hartley mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Williams/Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by (Old) Whynot (Family 13).
Bay 1740. Bred by Francis, (2nd) Earl of Godolphin. Sold "for a stallion" to the second Baron Gower (later Earl Gower and Viscount Trentham) of Yorkshire and Staffordshire. There doesn't appear to be any record of this horse racing, but he was an important sire in the 1740s, '50s and '60s standing at the Gower stud. He sired the racehorse and later sire, (Gower) Sweepstakes and his sister Clio, dam of Conqueror (by Bajazet); Mealey Eyes (1759); Gower, a racehorse who ran against Eclipse; Louisa (1747), a producer; Princess Amelia (1745), dam of Meleanger; the unnamed dam of Little Askham and Elconora; Spectre (1756), and others. He also sired an unnamed mare (1757 from Regulus) who was dam of Lucy (1771), Petrarch (1778), Espersykes (1775, an important stallion), and a mare (also 1757 from Grey Childers) important in Family 10.
Gregory's Arabian
Grey c.1765. Probably belonged to Arthur Gregory of Stivichall Hall near Coventry, Warwickshire. Covers by this horse listed in the GSB date between 1771 and 1776. Offspring include the grey colt Victor (1771, from a Bolton Starling mare), and several unnamed colts and fillies from various other mares. He does not appear to have made much impact on the breed.
DAM: SLUGEY (imported)
Ch. c. 1701. Imported from Barbary (North Africa) in utero, carried by the mare Slugey ("a natural barb"); his sire, Chillaby (King William's (III) White Barb) was imported at the same time. The agent for importation was Richard Marshall, the King's Master of the Royal Stud, who also served in the same post for Queen Anne in the next reign. Sold to John Croft, a significant Yorkshire breeder associated with the D'Arcy family, he stood at Great Barforth, Yorkshire, where he "covered many of the best mares." He got a number of good and "middling" racehorses, including Osymyn; Rake; Sampson, Goliah and Favourite; (Wharton's) Othello; Young Greyhound (1723), and (Panton's) Whitefoot. Also sired Desdemona (1714), a race mare and broodmare. Although the sire line died out, for all intents and purposes with his grandsons, he had a significant impact on the breed through his daughters (and the daughters of his sons), including two mares important in Family 4, the dam (1722) of Bay Bloody Buttocks and the dam (1720) of a (Croft's) Partner mare; the top producing mare, sister to Sampson (1723), seen in Family 12, who was the dam of (Grisewood's) Lady Thigh, (Grisewood's) Careless (by Bloody Buttocks, 1733), Meynell (1736), Fly (1738), Jenny Spinner (1740), Pompey (1741) and Cloudy (1745 by Forester). Another significant daughter was Brocklesby (1721), ancestress of the good racehorse A La Grecque, who is prominent in Family 12.
(Young) Greyhound
SIRE: (Old) Greyhound - CHILLABY.
DAM: Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Brown 1723. Bred by John Croft, Great Barforth, Yorkshire; sold to Richard Harrison of Yorkshire. Sired (Portmore's) Abigail (1735, first named Trumpery), the dam of Modesty (1754, dam of Pilot, Impudence). Also probably sired Miss Makeless (1737), important in Family 2; the dam of Miner (1752), Engineer (1756), and Fenton's Blaze mare (1750) in Family 36; a mare (daughter of Doll, 1721) who was dam of the racehorses Comet and Skewcap. There was another Young Greyhound, born 1718, from the Pet Mare by Wastell's Turk (also Family 4), also bred in Croft's stud, who may have sired some of these mares, but Abigail is definitely attributable to the Brown Farewell Young Greyhound, and probably, because of the name, Miss Makeless.
Grosvenor (Chestnut) Arabian
Chestnut 176-. This stallion, a good representative of Sabino markings in his tall white stockings, broad blaze and random white spots, covered mares from at least 1767 through 1790 at Richard, Earl of Grosvenor's stud in Cheshire. He sired the 1767 colt Euryalus and the 1768 colt David Gam, both chestnuts, and a number of fillies for Lord Grosvenor and also for Thomas Panton, including Fly (1770 from a Byerley Turk mare) and Mandane (1766, from Amelia (first Duchess)). Son Euryalus sired the 1780 filly Miss Holderness.

Contents ©Copyright 2000 - 2005 Patricia Erigero

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