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  Family 22: Belgrade Turk Mare

The first mare listed in the General Stud book for this family is Flora, born in 1749 or 1750, by Regulus, and bred by Sir Walter Strickland in northern Yorkshire. Her entry says she was out of a mare by Bartlett's Childers, whose dam was by Bay Bolton, who was out of a mare by the Belgrade Turk. All these famous sires stood in Yorkshire's North Riding.

The Belgrade Turk, a horse captured during the second Austrian seige of Turkish-held Belgrade, was acquired by the Duke of Lorraine and subsequently imported into England around 1719. He stood at the stud of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, an important early thoroughbred breeder, whose seat was at Constable Burton. The Belgrade Turk sired two daughters of importance to the thoroughbred, one an early mare in Family 25, and the mare of this family. He also sired Young Belgrade, who, when crossed with the daughters of good racehorses, produced some top runners of the mid-eighteenth century. Young Belgrade was the son of a Bay Bolton mare, owned and bred by Wyvill.

Bay Bolton was one of the most famous horses of his time, and during the period when the Belgrade Turk mare's daughter would have been foaled (after 1719), he would have been standing at the Duke of Bolton's Bolton Hall stud in Yorkshire. Bartlett's Childers, brother to the top racehorse Flying Childers, was an excellent sire who sent the Darley Arabian sire line forward through his son Squirt, and who got a number of mares important to the breed. Bartlett's Childers stood at the stud of John Bartlett at Nutwith Cote, near Masham, Yorkshire. Bartlett was distantly related to Wyvill, and to other families who had an influence on the thoroughbred.

It appears Flora made her way into the Wentworth Woodhouse (Rotherham, Yorkshire) stud of Charles Watson-Wentworth, sixth Lord Rockingham and second Marquis of Rockingham. It is from Flora's daughters, bred by Rockingham, that the family descends, a number of them bred to stallions that were owned by the Marquis, including Sampson, Tantrum, and the Godolphin Colt. Flora's daughter, Harriet (1769), by Matchem, is the conduit through which the family descends to the present.

At the time Bruce Lowe compiled his family numbers, Family 22 had two Derby winners, two Oaks winners and one St. Leger winner, plus three 1,000 Guineas winners and one 2,000 Guineas winner. In his notes for this family, he marked the "goodly roll of females." In the succeeding years, Family 22 has added a "goodly" number of additional classic winners, which would certainly rank it higher if the Lowe English Classic standard were applied today. The family has continued to display an outstanding roll of females, among them Waffles (dam of Derby winner Manna and St. Leger winner Sandwich), Athasi (dam of Derby and St. Leger winner Trigo and his two Irish Classic winning brothers), Neocracy (dam of Derby and St. Leger winner Tulyar and of English Champion Saint Crespin).

Belgrade Turk Mare's Known Produce:

Mare by Bay Bolton. Dam of
  f. Mare by Bartlett's Childers. Dam of
     f. Flora (1749 or 1750). Dam of
       c. by Sloe
       c. Weasel (1757) by Whitefoot
       c. (1758) by Whitefoot
       f. Florella (1760) by Godolphin Colt
       c. Marquis (1761) by Godolphin Colt
       f. Flos (1762) by Godolphin Colt
       c. (1764) by Sampson
       f. Marchioness (1766) by Godolphin Colt
       f. Florinda (1767) by Sampson
       c. (1768) by Sampson
       f. Harriet (1769) by Matchem
       c. Hotspur (1770) by Matchem
       c. Pillager (1771) by Squirrel
       c. Count (1772) by Snap
       c. Viscount (Young Chillaby) (1776) by Chillaby
       c. (1780) by Chillaby


Family #22 Oaks Winners

Catherine Hayes Imprudence
Catherine Hayes Imprudence

1853 CATHERINE HAYES br.f. 1850
(Lanercost - Constance)

1903 OUR LASSIE b.f. 1900
(Aryshire - Yours)

1947 IMPRUDENCE br.f. 1944
(Canot - Indiscretion)

1982 TIME CHARTER b.f. 1979
(Saritamer - Centrocon)

1989 SNOW BRIDE ch.f. 1986
(Blushing Groom - Awaasif)

Family #22 Derby Winners

St. Blaise Merry Hampton
St. Blaise Merry Hampton
Captain Cuttle Manna
Captain Cuttle Manna
Mill Reef Lammtarra
Mill Reef Lammtarra
Photo ©Racing Post

1883 ST. BLAISE ch.c. 1880
(Hermit - Fusee)

1887 MERRY HAMPTON b.c. 1884
(Hampton - Doll Tearsheet)

1922 CAPTAIN CUTTLE ch.c. 1919
(Hurry On - Bella Vista)

1925 MANNA b.c. 1922
(Phalaris - Waffles)

1929 TRIGO b.c. 1926
(Blandford - Athasi)

1952 TULYAR br.c. 1949
(Tehran - Neocracy)

1971 MILL REEF b.c. 1968
(Never Bend - Milan Mill)

1995 LAMMTARRA ch.c. 1992
(Nijinsky - Snow Bride)

Family #22 St. Leger Winners

Your Majesty Trigo
Your Majesty Trigo
Sandwich Tulyar
Sandwich Tulyar

1908 YOUR MAJESTY b.c. 1905
(Persimmon - Yours)

1929 TRIGO b.c. 1926
(Blandford - Athasi)

1931 SANDWICH b.c. 1928
(Sansovino - Waffles)

1941 SUN CASTLE b.c. 1938
(Hyperion - Castle Gay)

1952 TULYAR br.c. 1949
(Tehran - Neocracy)

1975 BRUNI gr.c. 1972
(Sea Hawk - Bombazine)

Family #22 Other Family Members

Amerigo Lady
Amerigo Lady
Blushing Groom
Blushing Groom
Image Courtesy Tony Leonard
Gold Bridge
Gold Bridge
Market Wise
Market Wise
Mr. Jinks
Mr. Jinks
St. Crespin
Saint Crespin
St. Frusquin
St. Frusquin

Ambergris ch. f. 1958
(Sicambre - Quarterdeck)
Irish-bred top two year old filly, won four of her five races as a juvenile, including the Champagne Stakes; at 3 she won the Irish Oaks, the Musidora Stakes, and ran second in the Epsom Oaks. Dam of Istiea and Forever Amber, two modest winners. Her second dam, Poker Chip, produced seven winners, including Wat Tyler (Champagne Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, sent to stud in U.S.) and her dam, Quarterdeck, was a good race filly who produced other winners.

Amerigo Lady b. f. 1964
(Amerigo - Lady Sybil)
Tough mare ran between ages 2 and 5, winning thirteen of her fifty-four races and placing second sixteen times, her wins included Hollywood Oaks, Top Flight Handicap (twice), Maskette Handicap, Santa Monica Handicap, Black Helen Handicap, Firenze Handicap. In the stud she produced the top handicapper and fair sire Pass the Glass. Her dam, Lady Sybil, was a good winner in Australia, including the Caufield Guineas and Oaks Stakes.

Ascetic's Silver ch. h. 1897
(Ascetic - Silver Lady)
Won both the Irish Grand National and the Grand National.

Blushing Groom ch. c. 1974
(Red God - Runaway Bride)
Undefeated at age 2 in France, at age 3 he won the French 2,000 Guineas and the Prix de Fontainebleau, proving to be a top miler. Although at stud in the U.S. from 1977 on, he was leading sire in England in 1989. Sire of sires, one of the main conduits sending the Nasrullah sire line forward, his sons include Nashwan (Champion in France, sire of Swain); Rainbow Quest (Champion older male in England, sire of Saumarez, Quest for Fame); Rahy (sire of Fantastic Light, Hawksley Hill); Runaway Groom (sire of Cherokee Run, Wekiva Springs); Sillery (sire of Silic); Mt. Livermore (sire of Housebuster, Pyramid Peak); Arazi (sire in Japan), Candy Stripes (top sire in Argentina), and many more. Also top sire of broodmares.

Botticelli b. c. 1951
(Blue Peter - Buonamica)
Tall, handsome horse won fourteen of his eighteen races in Italy and England, including the Italian St. Leger and the Ascot Gold Cup. Considered a disappointment in the stud, still he got some useful winners in Italy and Germany, including Antelami, Sarto, and Serov.

Brocard b. f. 1824
(Whalebone - Varennes)
A "prodigious favourite with the public, and was as good as she looked; but it was her lot to live in the days of many first-rate horses..." Won four races at age 3, against top colts and fillies, including a 200 match against Amphion, and ran second in the Oatlands, but did not place in the Oaks. At age 4 won the Swinley Stakes, beating the 1,000 Guineas winner and the Wokingham Stakes and dead-heated in the Audley End Stakes. At age 5 she won two match races, one against the colt Carthusian. Through daughter Corumba, ancestress of Your Majesty, Cylgad and Flying Bridge, Sweet Duchess and more.

Captain Cuttle ch. c. 1919
(Hurry On - Bellavista)
Ran second to Collaborator in the Rous Plate at age 2, his only start, then went on to win the Wood Ditton Stakes, the Epsom Derby (by 4 lengths), and the St. James' Palace Stakes. He stood at stud in England and in Italy, leading sire in Italy in 1935; among his offspring were Pilade (Italian Derby, Premio del Jockey Club and others, sire); Scuttle (1,000 Guineas and others); The Recorder (Rous Memorial Stakes, Queen Anne Stakes and others, sire); Jacopo da Pontormo (Gran Premio D'Italia).

Catherine Hayes br. f. 1850
(Lanercost - Constance)
Very good race filly of "easy, graceful and sweeping" action and sweet temperament. At 2, she beat Rataplan and Pantomime in the Nursery Cup at Goodwood under top weight, and won four other good races. At age 3 she won the Epsom Oaks and the Coronation Stakes, but "caught cold across the loins which greatly affected her spine and crippled her action," and she failed to train on successfully. Produced the brilliant Belladrum (Ascot New Stakes, Woodcote Stakes, grandsire of Barcaldine); through daughter Cantata second dam of German Derby winner Hymenaeus; through daughter Albani, third dam of Fripon.

Exar br. c. 1956
(Arctic Prince - Excelsa)
Honest stayer bred in England and sold to Italy, he won the Gran Premio di Milano, Gran Premio d'Italia, July Stayers' Stakes, Doncaster Cup, and Goodwood Cup among other good races. Some of his offspring included Saraceno (Manchester Handicap, sire in New Zealand) and the winner Telstar. His dam, half-sister to Magic Red, won six races over distances from 12 to 20 furlongs, and his third dam was the great producer Black Ray (dam of Jacopo, Eclair, Black Domino and others).

Gladiator ch. c. 1833
(Partisan - Pauline)
Not particularly successful as a racehorse, placing second in the Derby and not doing much else. However, in the stud, highly influential sire of Sweetmeat (Doncaster Cup, significant sire), the important matron Queen Mary (dam of Bonnie Scotland, Broomielaw, Blink Bonny and others), Mmlle de Chantilly (Prix de Diane, City and Suburban Handicap), and grandsire of such horses as Macaroni and Parmesan.

Gold Bridge ch. c. 1929
(Golden Boss - Flying Diadem)
"Fastest horse of the 1934 season," this top sprinter won nine and placed in nine of his 22 races, including the Nunthorpe Sweepstakes (record time), King Stand Stakes (twice), Granville Stakes. In the stud his successes included Golden Cloud, another top sprinter and sprint sire; Rough Shod (important American matron, dam of Thong, Moccasin, Gambetta, Lt. Stevens and Ridan); Vilmorin (good sprinter, sire); Golden Pheasant (winner in England, France and the U.S., including Arlington Million); Cap d' Or (unbeaten at 3, dam of top sprinter Makarpura, later sire in Australia), and many others.

Imprudence br. f. 1944
(Canot - Indiscretion)
French-bred filly with powerful hindquarters, won twice at age 2 in France, and at age 3 won the French 1,000 Guineas, the English 1,000 Guineas, the Epsom Oaks, and some other races. Her best foal was the modest Ribot's Fling, but through her daughters she is ancestress of some grade 1 stakeswinners and good producers.

Jacopo br. c. 1928
(Sansovino - Black Ray)
Powerful colt with a long, sweeping stride, he was a good two year old in Great Britain, winner of the Princess of Wales' Stakes, Molcomb Stakes and others, later purchased to the U.S. Sire of Jacola (Champion 2 year old in U.S., dam of Jaconda and Phalanx); La Rose (dam of Turco II); Clever Song (dam of Quiz Song); Damaged Goods (Acorn Stakes and others), and a number of other good, long-running horses, primarily fillies, in the U.S. His dam won one small race at Liverpool, but in the stud produced Eclair (dam of Khaled), Foray (Top two year old in Great Britain), Infra Red (Princess Elizabeth Stakes, dam of Magic Red, Red Briar, Excelsa).

Khaled b. c. 1943
(Hyperion - Eclair)
Handsome horse was unbeaten at age 2, and at age 3 won the St. James Palace Stakes and four other races; sent to the U.S. he won a race at Santa Anita at age 5 before being retired to stud there. One of the most important sons of Hyperion in the U.S., he got 60 stakes winners from 524 foals, including Swaps (Kentucky Derby, American Derby, sire). His dam, Eclair, was one of the top 3 year olds of her generation in England.

Lammtarra ch. c. 1992
(Nijinsky - Snow Bride)
U.S.-bred son of Champion Nijinsky and Oaks winner Snow Bride, sold to the U.K. Proved his class and courage by winning all four of his races--the Aristo Washington Singer Stakes at Newbury, the Epsom Derby (track record), the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Retired to stud in Japan at the end of his 3 year old year.

Loaningdale b. c. 1929
(Colorado - Perfection)
Dead-heated with the unbeaten Mannamead in the Rous Memorial Stakes, giving 7 pounds, and went on to win the Eclipse Stakes by two lengths. Also won the GreatYorkshire Stakes and the Craven Stakes at age 3. Not a success at stud in England, his best there was Glen Loan (Rous Memorial, Great Yorkshire); later sent to stud in Uruguay.

Market Wise b. c. 1938
(Broker's Tip - On Hand)
Long-running winner of 19 races (placing second 17 times) from 53 starts to age 5, he set an American record over two miles, defeating Whirlaway in the Jockey Club Gold Cup; other wins included Suburban Handicap, Pimlico Special, Wood Memorial Stakes. His best son was To Market (Arlington Handicap, Hawthorn Gold Cup, sire).

Mate ch. c. 1928
(Prince Pal - Killashandra)
Solid racehorse won 19 of his 63 races, including the Preakness Stakes, the American Derby, the Arlington Classic. Was not a successful sire, but he did get the champion U.S. steeplechaser Elkridge.

Merry Hampton b. c. 1884
(Hampton - Doll Tearsheet )
Won the Epsom Derby. Sired Pride (Ascot Gold Vase, Queen Alexandra Stakes); Merry Token (Leamington Handicap and others, dam of Mahubah who was dam of Man O' War); Merry Wife, dam of Ascot Gold Cup winner and good sire of stayers, Santoi.

Mr. Jinks gr. c. 1926
(Tetratema - False Piety )
Brilliant two year old in Great Britain, wins including the July Stakes, Lavant Stakes, Ascot's New Stakes; at age 3 won the 2,000 Guineas and the St. James Palace Stakes, but was not able to get the longer distances. Sired Maltravers, a top two year old (Rous Memorial Stakes, Chesterfield Stakes, Lavant Stakes and others); sisters Marmite (Bushbury Plate, Robin Hood Plate, producer) and Raven Locks (Leyburn Handicap and others, producer); Miss Honor (Conyngham Plate and others, producer); Miss Minx (dam of top handicapper The Rabbi, the stayer Aliscia, producer Ash Blonde); Hatton (dam of Hatton's Grace, winner of Irish Cambridgeshire (flat) and three-time winner of the Champion Hurdle (obstacles)).

Parth b. c. 1920
(Polymelus - Willia)
Ran to age 5, at age 3 he won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and at 4 the Great Jubilee Handicap. Sent to stud in France, where he got some winners, including French 2,000 Guineas winner Davout.

St. Blaise ch. c. 1880
(Hermit - Fusee)
Won the Epsom Derby; purchased by August Belmont and sent to his stud in Kentucky where, leading sire in 1890 and near the top in most of his other years at stud, he got St. Carlo (Great American Stakes and others); Potomac (Futurity Stakes, Lawrence Realization Stakes, leading 2 year old, good 3 year old ); La Tosca (Fashion Stakes and others, best 2 year old filly of her generation, later top 3 year old); Her Highness (Monmouth Oaks and others, top three year old); Lady Rosemary (ancestress Amour Drake); Semiramis, second dam of 2,000 Guineas winner Norman. Through son St. Leonards, great grandsire of The Porter; also, daughter St. Pauline was ancestress of a number of good stakes winners in the U.S. and England, such as Bryan G. and Isolater.

Saint Crespin III ch. c. 1956
(Aureole - Neocracy)
Handsome and well-bred colt won the Imperial Produce Stakes at 2, his only race, and at 3 won the Eclipse Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and was named Champion 3 year old Colt; retired early due to injury. Sired Altesse Royale (Epsom Oaks, 1,000 Guineas, Irish Oaks) and her sister Royal Saint (unbeaten at age 2); Casaque Grise (Champion 3 year old filly in France); Mige (Cheveley Park St); Shebeen (Princess Royal Stakes (twice), Houghton Stakes, Jockey Club Stakes); Misyaaf (stakes winner in France); Shoemaker (stakes winner in France, Ireland and England). His dam, a stakes winner at age 2, also produced Derby and St. Leger winner Tulyar, and Corbetto (Princess of Wales' Stakes).

St. Frusquin br. c. 1893
(St. Simon - Isabel)
Brave racehorse and good sire, winner of 5 races at age 2, and of the 2,000 Guineas, Eclipse Stakes and others at age 3; his generational rival was Persimmon.

Tourist II b. h. 1925
(Son-in-Law - Touraine)
British-bred, two-time winner of the American Grand National, and sire of steeplechasers, including Trough Hill, also a winner of the American Grand National.

Tresiete ch. c. 1926
(Alan Breck - Trentona)
Son of influential Argentinian sire Alan Breck, he won only six races in Argentina, including the Pollo de Potrillos, but became himself one of the most influential sires in that country, twice leading sire and two times second on that list. His offspring included the brothers, top stayer Balbuco and Bubalco (Gran Premio Jockey Club, Gran Premio Nacional and others, also winner in the U.S.); Tata (winner of Chilean classics up to 2400 meters and dam of Taimado and Tolpan, both winners of El Ensayo, and two other South American classic winners); Rolando (Gran Premio Jockey Club and others, influential sire, including of Miss Grillo (sent to U.S., good producer)).

Trigo b. c. 1926
(Blandford - Athasi)
The best of four good sons from the cross of Blandford with the excellent broodmare Athasi, all bred in Ireland by W. Barnett at his Cloghran Stud near Dublin, and trained by Richard C. Dawson. Trigo was started by J.T. Rogers in Ireland at age 2, winning the Phoenix Plate and the Anglesey Stakes. At age 3 he won the the Berkshire Handicap, and then went on to win the Derby, the St. Leger and the Irish St. Leger, the latter his last race. In the stud he got Irish 1,000 Guineas winner Harvest Star, Yorkshire Oaks winner Trigo Verde, Swell Dame (winner and dam of winners who were also producers), and Newbury Summer Cup winner Chirgwin. Trigo's brother Harinero (1930) won the Irish St. Leger and the Irish Derby; brother Primero (1931) dead-heated in the Irish Derby and won the Irish St. Leger; brother Athford was Ireland's top juvenile and went on to win the Doncaster Cup and the Great Jubilee Stakes. A sister, Centeno, won the Leopardstown Produce Stakes and Anglesey Stakes at age 2. Half-sister Windsor Park was grandam of Watteau. Their dam, Athasi, won several races, ages 2 to 6, including some distance handicaps and the Curragh's Summer Stakes; she died in 1944, having produced ten winners from fourteen foals.

(Tehran - Neocracy)
Quiet and workman-like unbeaten Champion 3 year old in Great Britain, winner of such races as the Epsom Derby Stakes, the Eclipse Stakes, the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, the St. Leger Stakes, the Ormonde Stakes and others. Sired Ginetta, champion 2 year old filly in France, and others at the Aga Khan's stud, then sold to the U.S., where he got 29 stakes winners from around 300 foals, including a top three year old filly in the U.S., Castle Forbes; top U.S. steeplechaser Mako; the excellent and long-running handicap mare Margarethen; Paris Pike (Hollywood Oaks); Tularia (International Handicap, dam of For the Moment), and many other winners and producers.

Waffles b. f. 1917
(Buckwheat - Lady Mischief )
Unraced excellent Irish-bred producer, dam of Derby winner Manna, St. Leger winner Sandwich, City and Suburban Handicap winner Parwiz, and ancestress of Burma Road, Barbara Sirani, Botticelli, Braque, Brughel, Bozzetto.

Your Majesty b. c. 1905
(Persimmon - Yours)
Big, handsome colt, plagued by injury and illness, still won the St. Leger, St. James' Palace Stakes, Eclipse Stakes and St. George Stakes. Sired Princess Dorrie (1,000 Guineas, Oaks); Scotch Rose (dam of Australian leading sire Pantheon). Sold to Argentina for 22,500, and an offer to repurchase him to England for 35, 000 was refused; there became highly influential sire and broodmare sire throughout South America, with winners in Uruguay, Chile and Peru, and was leading sire in 1920 and 1926 in Argentina; among his winners were Agueros (Gran Premio Jockey Club), Fair Play (winner of 9 top races); Henry Lee (top race horse and leading sire in Chile) and his good racing brother and also good sire Hermann Goos. A top broodmare sire (leading the lists in 1933, 1939 and 1940), he got Bourgogne (dam of Macon, outstanding racehorse in Argentina, later sire); Encore (dam of top Argentian racehorse and sire Embrujo) and a number of other excellent producers. His dam, Yours, also produced Oaks winner Our Lassie and the good producer Our Girl.

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