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  Family 5: Massey Mare

The earliest reference to the Massey Mare comes in the GSB entry for her daughter, Old Ebony "Bred by the Duke of Rutland, in 1714, got by Basto, out of his Massey Mare, by Mr Massey's Black Barb."

The John Manners, (9th) Earl of Rutland, and later (first) Duke of Rutland, had a seat at Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, and a well-established stud at Grantham, in nearby Lincolnshire. The Earls of Rutland had been racing horses at least as early as the mid-sixteenth century, and their running horses were referred to as the "famous Belvoir strain." In addition, the Earls of Rutland had long-established estates in Derbyshire, most acquired through marriage, several of them near Chatsworth, the seat of the Dukes of Devonshire.

The Massey Mare produced two filly foals of record, Old Ebony (1714) and Brown Betty (1713), both by Basto (by the Byerley Turk), a good racehorse purchased from his breeder, Sir William Ramsden, of Byram (near Pontefract, Yorkshire), when young, and raced by the Duke of Devonshire. He was retired at the end of the season in 1710 and stood at stud at Chatsworth. Brown Betty was bred and raced by the Duke of Rutland, and was probably retained in his stud. Old Ebony appears to have been sold to the Duke of Devonshire, or was a product of the agreements we refer to today as mare leasing, wherein one foal was retained by the owner of the mare, and the next year's foal was taken by the owner of the stallion; these types of agreements are regularly recorded in old stud books. Old Ebony probably ran on the turf, since she was 14 when her first foal recorded foal was listed in the GSB; all of her foals recorded in the GSB were by Flying Childers, purchased by the (2nd) Duke of Devonshire in 1719, and later retired to his stud at Chatsworth. Old Ebony is listed in an inventory of the Duke's stud in 1729, with the unnamed foal by Childers at foot. Also listed in the inventory is a "Brown Basto Mare and her fole [by Flying Childers]," but it is not known if this mare was Brown Betty.

Old Ebony was the dam of four foals recorded in the GSB. Her first foal was Ebony (b.f. 1728) by Flying Childers, and through which this family further descends. Ebony produced seven foals of record (see below) including mares by Young Cartouch, Sedbury, and two (named Young Ebony and Hag) by Crab. Old Ebony's other three foals were all colts by Flying Childers, including Plaistow, noted in the GSB as a gray colt foaled in 1730 and sent to Ireland.

Brown Betty was the dam of Cole's Foxhunter, a bay colt foaled in 1727 and sired by Brisk (by the Darley Arabian). Cole's Foxhunter was the sire of the Chedworth Foxhunter (1750) and of a mare, the dam of Molly Longlegs (f. 1735 by Babraham).

Basto was a nearly-black horse, like his sire the Byerley Turk, and the persistence of this color in his progeny is evident in the names of the Ebony line. A letter from an anonymous correspondent to The Sporting Magazine (June, 1815) remarked upon the continuance of the color in the Byerley Turk line: "...the Byerley Turk, sire of Black Hearty, who was sire of Bonny Black--a mare which Mr. Lawrence considered superior even to Childers and Eclipse in the variety, if not greatness of her performances. Sir C. Bunbury's famous Sorcerer is a descendant of Basto and the Byerley Turk, and it has been observed how the original black colour from that foreign horse has maintained itself through so many crosses of different hues. Archer, Basto (the speediest horse of his time), Grasshopper, Jigg (sire of the famous Old Partner), and the Byerley Gelding were by the Byerley Turk." Thus, the notation of Plaistow being gray in the GSB is an error, either in recording the color or in parentage, since Flying Childers was a bay horse, and Old Ebony was black.

Brown Betty br.f. 1713 by Basto. Dam of
   Cole's Foxhunter, b.c. 1727 by Brisk. Sire.
Old Ebony blk.f. 1714 by Basto. Dam of
   Ebony f. 1728 by Flying Childers. Dam of
        f. by Sedbury
        f. by Young Cartouch
        Brown Betty br.f. by Lath. (sent to Ireland)
        Unnamed b.c. 1740 by Young Cartouch. (never broke)
        Young Ebony br.f. 1742 by Crab
        Skim br.c. 1743 by Crab (Sent to Ireland)
        Hag gr.f. 1744 by Crab
        Prim gr.c. 1745 by Crab
   Unnamed c. 1729 by Flying Childers
   Plaistow gr.c. 1730 by Flying Childers (Sent to Ireland)
   Unnamed c. 1738 by Flying Childers


Family #5 Oaks Winners

Neva Refraction
Neva Refraction
Miami Fille de l'air
Miami Fille de L'Air
Princess Dorrie Bayuda
Princess Dorrie Bayuda
Masaka Valoris
Masaka Valoris

1791 PORTIA ch. f. 1778
(Volunteer - Daughter of Herod)

1795 PLATINA ch.f. 1792
(Mercury - Daughter of Herod)

1817 NEVA b.f. 1814
(Cervantes - Mary)

1839 DECEPTION b.f. 1836
(Defence - Lady Stumps)

1845 REFRACTION br.f. 1842
(Glaucus - Prism)

1847 MIAMI b.f. 1844
(Venison - Diversion)

1864 FILLE DE L'AIR ch. f. 1861
(Faugh-A-Ballagh - Pauline)

1872 REINE b.f. 1869
(Monarque - Fille de l'Air)

1873 MARIE STUART ch.f. 1870
(Scottish Chief - Morgan La Faye)

1898 AIRS AND GRACES br.f. 1895
(Aryshire - Lady Alwyne)

1914 PRINCESS DORRIE br.f. 1911
(Your Majesty - Doris)

1919 BAYUDA b.f. 1916
(Bayardo - Jessica)

1940 GODIVA b.f. 1937
(Hyperion - Carpet Slipper)

1948 MASAKA b.f. 1945
(Nearco - Majideh)

1966 VALORIS br.f. 1963
(Tiziano - Vali)

2002 KAZZIA b.f. 1999
(Zinaad - Khoruna)

Family #5 Derby Winners

Dangerous The Merry Monarch
Dangerous The Merry Monarch
Hermit Ard Patrick
Hermit Ard Patrick
Minoru Grand Parade
Minoru Grand Parade

1807 ELECTION ch.c. 1804
(Gohanna- Chestnut Skim)

1822 MOSES b.c. 1819
(Seymour - Daughter of Gohanna)

1829 FREDERICK b.c. 1826
(Little John - Daughter of Phantom)

1833 DANGEROUS ch.c. 1830
(Tramp - Defiance)

1845 THE MERRY MONARCH b.c. 1842
(Slane - The Margravine)

1865 GLADIATEUR b.c. 1862
(Monarque - Miss Gladiator)

1867 HERMIT ch.c. 1864
(Newminster - Seclusion)

1873 DONCASTER ch.c. 1870
(Stockwell - Marigold)

1897 GALTEE MORE b.c. 1894
(Kendal - Morganette)

1902 ARD PATRICK br.c. 1899
(St. Florian - Morganette)

MINORU br.c. 1906
(Cyllene - Mother Siegal)

1911 SUNSTAR br.c. 1908
(Sundridge - Doris)

1919 GRAND PARADE bl.c. 1916
(Orby - Grand Geraldine)

1988 KAHYASI b.c. 1985
(Ile de Bourbon - Kadissya)

2004 NORTH LIGHT b.c. 2001
(Danehill - Sought Out)

Family #5 St. Leger Winners

Quiz Barefoot
Quiz Barefoot
Matilda Galtee More
Matilda Galtee More

1801 QUIZ ch.c. 1798
(Buzzard - Miss West)

1821 JACK SPIGOT br.c. 1818
(Marmion - Sister to Bourbon)

1823 BAREFOOT ch.c. 1820
(Tramp - Rosamond)

1827 MATILDA b.f. 1824
(Comus - Juliana)

1865 GLADIATEUR b.c. 1862
(Monarque - Miss Gladiator)

1873 MARIE STUART ch.f. 1870
(Scottish Chief - Morgan La Faye)

1897 GALTEE MORE b.c. 1894
(Kendal - Morganette)

1979 SON OF LOVE ch.c. 1976
(Jefferson - Mot d'Amour)

2001 MILAN b.c. 1998
(Sadler's Wells - Kithanga)

Family #5 Other Members of the Family

Balancoire II
Balancoire II
Gallant Man
Gallant Man
Grey Flight
Grey Flight
Native Dancer
Native Dancer
Pleasant Colony
Pleasant Colony
Courtesy Tony Leonard
Royal Minstrel
Royal Minstrel
Sadlers Wells
Sadler's Wells
Courtesy Coolmore
Sea Biscuit
Twenty Grand
Twenty Grand

Balancoire II b.f. 1911
(Meddler - Ballantrae)
A stakes winner in France, after importation to America she bred six winners, including Distraction, Balance, Hilee and Swinging, and ancestress to Equipoise and Seabiscuit.

Bold Lad ch.c. 1962
(Bold Ruler - Misty Morn)
Champion at two, and winner of all major races that year, he returned at 4 to win the Metropolitan Handicap and the Roseben Handicap, despite nagging unsoundness. An exceptionally beautiful horse, he was disappointing at stud; his best were Italian great Sirlad and champion fillies Marble Arch and Gentle Thoughts.

Defiance ch.f. 1816
(Rubens - Little Folly)
Bred and raced by Oxfordshire breeder Issac Sadler, and later a highly successful broodmare for him. At age three she won Ascot's Duke of York's Plate, Warwick's St. Leger Stakes, and a sweep at Bath, and the following year took a handicap sweepstakes at Cheltenham. Bred nine foals, 1822-1837, including Derby winner Dangerous (see above), and winning daughters Design and Delight. Delight later second dam of the inbred The Emperor (1841), twice winner of the Ascot Gold Cup. Daughter Y. Defiance was later the dam of Doncaster Cup winner The Ban (1848), and another daughter, Dauntless, produced Cesarewitch winner Haco (1850). Two tail-female descendants went to Australasia, producing numerous classic and distance winners in Australia and New Zealand, including Melbourne Cup winner Piastre.

Doris br.f. 1898
(Loved One - Lauretta)
Barely 14.2 hands, she was a modest race filly that ran only as a juvenile, winning two of her nine races, both at five furlongs. In the stud, an outstanding producer of ten winners, including One Thousand Guineas and Oaks winner Princess Dorrie, Derby winner Sunstar (see), Kempton Imperial Produce Stakes winner Radiant, and a top juvenile colt, White Star.

Djebel b.c. 1937
(Tourbillon - Loika)
Won 15 of his 22 races from 2 to 5, including the 2,000 Guineas and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Leading sire in France in the late 1940s and in 1956, his offspring included My Babu, Sierra Nevada, Coronation V, Djebellica, Le Lavandou, Djedah, Clarion, Galcador, Apollonia.

Doncaster ch.c. 1870
(Stockwell - Marigold)
Sire of major importance to the breed, he was winner of 4 races, including the Derby, the Goodwood Cup, the Ascot Gold Cup and the Queen Alexandra Stakes. Through son Bend Or, sent the Eclipse line forward through multiple sire lines. Other offspring included the top race mare Sandiway, Clementina (dam of Le Samaritain), good broodmare Flying Footstep, and the influential sire Muncaster.

Equipoise livch.c. 1928
(Pennant - Swinging)
"The Chocolate Soldier" ran from ages 2 to 6, winning 29 out of 51 starts. Leading sire in the U.S. in 1942, he stood only 4 years, with 9 stakes winners from 74 foals, including champion Level Best, Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner Shut Out, the top handicappers Bolingbroke and Attention, Equestrian (sire of Stymie) and Igual (dam of Assault).

Ferro br.c. 1923
(Landgraf - Frauenlob)
Winner of the German Derby and the Berlin Grand Prix among other major races in Germany, he became a prominent sire of runners such as Athanasius, Abendfrieden and Anblick.

Gallant Man b.c. 1954
(Migoli - Majideh)
Imported into the U.S. as a yearling, this tiny dynamo won 14 of 26 starts, including the Belmont Stakes, Travers Stakes and the Jockey Club Gold Cup among other distinctions. Sired Gallant Romeo, Gallant Bloom, My Gallant and Spicy Living, among others.

Gladiateur b.c. 1862
(Monarque - Miss Gladiator)
His English Triple Crown wins, in addition to his first places in the Grand Prix de Paris, the Ascot Gold Cup and the Grand St. Leger de France, served notice that French breeding was a force in the thoroughbred world. Poorly conformed and battling lameness throughout his career, he nonetheless is still considered one of the greats. Not a success at stud.

Grey Flight gr.f. 1945
(Mahmoud - Planetoid)
A good race mare, winner of 12 races from 35 starts. Her importance derives from her production as a broodmare; 14 winners from 15 foals, among them Champion 3 year old filly and 1963 broodmare of the year Misty Morn; long-running stakes winner Misty Day; stakes-winning and stakes-producing mare Bold Princess, and What a Pleasure, leading sire in the U.S. in 1975 and 1976. Ancestress of Bold Lad and Time for A Change.

Hoist the Flag b.c. 1968
Tom Rolfe - Wavy Navy
Won at 2 and unbeaten in two starts at 3, he broke his ankle during training and was retired to stud. Leading Sire of 2 Year Olds in U.S. in 1981 and Leading Broodmare sire in 1987. Offspring included dual Arc winner Alleged, Sensational, Stalwart.

Masaka b.f. 1945
(Nearco - Majideh)
Half-sister to Gallant Man (see), her dam was also ancestress of Son of Love, Top Knight, Law Society, and Silver Shark, among other top winners. Masaka was a good winner at 2, and at 3 won the One Thousand Guineas, Oaks, and Irish Oaks; sold to the U.S. where she brought a record price for a broodmare. Through daughter Bara Bibi ancestress of Irish and Epsom Derby winner Kahyasi; also ancestress of Lashkari.

Morganette br. f. 1884
(Springfield - Lady Morgan)
Unattractive, small and untalented, ran once at the age of two. In the stud, outstanding producer of three Derby winners -- Ard Patrick, Irish Derby winner Blairfinde, and English Triple Crown winner Galtee More.

Native Dancer gr.c. 1950
(Polynesian - Geisha)
Big (16.3 hands), handsome horse with great presence, he won 21 of his 22 races between 2 and 4, including the Belmont and Preakness Stakes, the Wood Memorial, Travers Stakes, and most of the major U.S. juvenile stakes races. Sired 45 stakes winners from 304 foals, including Raise a Native, Natalma (dam of Northern Dancer), Dan Cupid, Kauai King, Dancer's Image, Secret Step, and Shenanigans (dam of Icecapade, Ruffian).

Nuage b.c. 1907
(Simonian - Nephte)
Ran in France, winning the Grand Prix de Paris, among other races, then sent to Germany, where he became a top sire of such horses as Anschluss (German St. Leger) and top race fillies Adresse, Orla, Aversion, Gondel, Note.

Nureyev b.c. 1977
(Northern Dancer - Special)
Ran only 3 times, and his major win, the 2,000 Guineas, was set aside by the stewards, the first disqualification of the winner in the history of the race. Internationally influential sire, on the leading sire lists in England, the U.S. and France, important offspring include Theatrical, Miesque, Peintre Celebre, Soviet Star, Sonic Lady, Spinning World, Wolfhound.

Pleasant Colony dkb/br.c. 1968
(His Majesty - Sun Colony)
Just shy of 17 hands, he proved himself as a weight-carrier at classic distances, and in the stud an influence for stamina. Won 6 of his 14 races, including the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, the Wood Memorial and the Woodward Stakes. U.S. classic winner Colonial Affair and top English racing horse St. Jovite are among his important offspring.

Refraction br. f. 1842
(Glaucus - Prism)
Top juvenile winner of the Ham Stakes and Clearwell Stakes, at age 3 won the Oaks over a top field of 21 and the Nassau Stakes. In the stud she produced Grosser Preis von Baden winner La Maladetta, whose female descendants were good iwnners in Hungary, France and Italy.

Ridan b.c. 1959
(Nantallah - Rough Shod)
Brother to Moccasin and Lt. Stevens, all sons of the good broodmare Rough Shod II (also ancestress of Sadler's Wells, Nureyev, Thatch), he won 13 of his 23 races from 2 to 4, and was unbeaten in his juvenile season. Sired 31 stakes winners from 327 foals, including Busiris, Spanish Riddle.

Royal Minstrel gr.c. 1925
(Tetratema - Harpsichord)
Handsome colt ran to age 4, winning the St. James's Palace Stakes at Ascot, the Eclipse Stakes and the Victoria Cup, among other races. Successful sire in the U.S. of Bransome, Mr. Bones, Singing Wood, Dabchick, First Fiddle, and Minstrelette.

Sadler's Wells b.c. 1981
(Northern Dancer - Fairy Bridge)
Good-looking, smooth-moving colt won 6 races at 2 and 3, including the Irish 2,000 Guineas, the Eclipse Stakes and the Irish Champion Stakes. Perennial Leading Sire in England, 1990, 1992-1999; Leading Sire in France in 1993. Offspring include Carnegie, In The Wings, Salsabil, Dance Design, Northern Spur, Old Vic, Correggio, El Prado.

Seabiscuit b.c. 1933
(Hard Tack - Swing On)
Legendary American horse won 33 of his 89 races as he criss-crossed the country from ages 2 to 7, including Bay Meadows Handicap (twice), Hollywood Gold Cup, Brooklyn Handicap, Laurel Stakes. Defeated War Admiral in a much-publicized match race at Pimlico. Went to stud in California, but disappointing as a sire; of his 108 foals, 4 were stakes winners.

Son-in-Law br.c. 1911
(Dark Ronald - Mother-in-Law)
Considered a leading source of stamina, he ran to the age of 5, winning 8 races, the Goodwood Cup, the Jockey Club Cup and the Cesearewitch Stake among them. Leading sire in England, his progeny included Straitlace, Beau Pere, Comedy King, Lady Juror, Rustom Pasha, Trilogy, Winalot. Seen in the pedigrees of many top international jumpers.

Star Appeal b.c. 1970
(Appiani - Sterna)
Tough German-bred winner of 11 of his 39 races, including the Madrid Free Handicap, the Grosser-Prix der Badischen Wirtschaft (twice), the Eclipse Stakes, and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. European Horse of the Year in 1975. Sired such good horses as Kamiros II, Madam Gay, Star Way.

Sunstar br.c. 1908
(Sundridge - Doris)
Courageous colt undefeated at 3, winning the 2,000 Guineas, the Newmarket Stakes and the Derby, although he developed leg trouble prior to the latter race and he broke down towards the end of it. Top sire in England, his offspring included Buchan, Craig An Eran, Cygnus, Galloper Light, North Star III, Villars.

The Palmer b.c. 1864
(Beadsman - Madame Eglantine)
Although overshadowed by his brother, Rosicrucian, good winner of the Ascot Derby, and sire of Pilgrimage (dam of Canterbury Pilgrim), the good race filly and broodmare Palmflower, and producers Jenny Howlett and Maria.

Twenty Grand b.c. 1928
(St. Germans - Bonus)
Top U.S. racehorse in the 1930s with a big stride, always game. Won 14 of his 23 races,including the Jockey Club Gold Cup, the Kentucky Derby, Belmont Stakes, Dwyer Stakes, Saratoga Cup and other major races. Proved sterile at stud.

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