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  Family 23: Piping Peg's Dam

The grey Piping Peg was a racemare, by the Lister Turk, who ran in the middle of the first decade of the eighteenth century at Newmarket. The distance of each of her two races in successive weeks in April of 1706 was eight miles, both races for 500 guineas, and both of which she lost to the horse Wenn. She was owned by Evelyn Pierrepont, Marquis of Dorchester, then fifth Earl of Kingston, (and then later 1st Duke of Kingston), whose seat was at Thoresby, Nottinghamshire. The only mention of her in the General Stud Book is as the dam of The Hobby Mare, and no information regarding her own dam is offered.

However, two pieces of evidence contradict the GSB, and show that the Hobby Mare was a sister of Piping Peg, and not her daughter. First, Charles Pelham, who bred and owned the Hobby Mare's daughter, Brocklesby Betty, and a colt, Hip, both by the Curwen Bay Barb, provided a pedigree to early racehorse breeder Cuthbert Routh: "Hipp was gott by Mr. Pelham's Bay Barb [also known as the Curwen Bay Barb], his dam by Lister's Turk, and was full sister to Piping Pegg..." [C.M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse (London: The Sportsman Office, 1924)]. This corrects the statement in the Hobby Mare GSB entry, which states "Piping Peg had also a sister to the Hobby mare, which was the dam in 1716 of Mr. Pelham's Hip, by The Curwen Bay Barb."

In addition, a portrait of the chestnut Brocklesby Betty, published in the mid-eighteenth century, says: "Brocklesby Betty's Dam was call'd the Hobby Mare; She was bred by the late Mr. Leeds; Her Sire was the Lister Turk; Eminent for being also the Sire of Snake; the Duke of Kingston's Brisk; Piping Peg; and many other fine Horses &etc." It is through the Hobby Mare and her daughter, Brocklesby Betty, that Family 23 descends; she was bred by Edward Leedes of Yorkshire, who owned the Leedes Arabian and bred his son, the good stallion Leedes, in addition to a number of other horses important to thoroughbred bloodlines. According to the GSB, the Hobby Mare produced a colt, 1709, and the aforementioned filly, Brocklesby Betty (1711), both bred by Charles Pelham of Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire, and both by the Curwen Bay Barb, who is also referred to as the "Curwen or Pelham Barb," and who was owned by Henry Curwen, of Workington, Cumberland, an intimate friend of Pelham's.

Brocklesby Betty
Brocklesby Betty
Brocklesby Betty was "...as certainly the Best Mare the Kingdom has produc'd, as that Childers was Superior in Speed, to all other Horses & whatever." At age 5 in Newmarket in April 1716, she won 100 guineas in a match against a mare owned by the Duke of Devonshire. Other races she won included the important Gold Cup at Black Hambleton in the race for mares, beating 12 others; the Gold Cup at Newmarket August, beating eight mares; a race at Lincoln for a Silver TeaBoard; a Gold Cup at York; a King's Plate at Newmarket; the Gold Cup at Newmarket April; a 200 guineas match against the Duke of Wharton's Snail, and a 900 guineas match against the Duke of Bridgewater's Ashridge Ball, considered the best racehorse of his day. Most of her races were over four miles in distance.

Brocklesby Betty's daughter, the grey Brocklesby (1721), by Greyhound, was bred by John Croft of Barforth, Yorkshire, and produced two mares for him who are known to have sent the family forward: Grey Brocklesby (1728) by Bloody Buttocks, second dam of the famous racehorse Gimcrack, who, through his son Medley, had such an impact on American bloodlines, and ancestress of other good sires, such as Barcaldine, Solon, and Chanticleer; and Bay Brocklesby (1731) by (Old/Bolton) Partner, who was ancestress of Hagioscope, Signorinetta, and Galopade. Brocklesby Betty's 1723 chestnut colt, also named Brocklesby, won the Contribution Stakes at Newmarket in 1728, and other races up until 1730; he was later a sire.

Piping Peg's Dam's Known Produce:
f. Piping Peg (c. 1698) by Lister Turk.
f. Hobby Mare by Lister Turk. Dam of
  c. Brocklesby (1709) by Curwen Bay Barb
  f. Brocklesby Betty (c. 1711) by Curwen Bay Barb. Dam of
    f. Brocklesby (1721) by Greyhound. Dam of
       f. Mare (1726) by Almanzor
       f. Grey Brocklesby (1728) by Bloody Buttocks
       c. Unnamed colt (1729) by Bloody Buttocks
       f. Mare (1730) by Bloody Buttocks
       f. Bay Brocklesby (1731) by Partner
       f. Mare (f, 1732) by Bloody Buttocks
       f. Unnamed colt (1733) by Bloody Buttocks
       f. Unnamed colt (1734) by Partner
    c. Brocklesby (1723) by Woodcock
f. Mare (c. 1700) by Lister Turk. Dam of
  c. Hip (1716) by Curwen Bay Barb.
  f. Long Megg (17--) by Curwen Bay Barb.


Family #23 Oaks Winners

Cyprian Songstress
Cyprian Songstress

1820 CAROLINE b.f. 1817
(Whalebone - Marianne)

1836 CYPRIAN b.f. 1833
(Partisan - Frailty)

1852 SONGSTRESS b.f. 1849
(Birdcatcher - Cyprian)

1897 LIMASOL ch.f. 1894
(Poulet - Queen of Cyprus)

1908 SIGNORINETTA b.f. 1905
(Chaleureux - Signorina)

Family #23 Derby Winners


1812 OCTAVIUS br.c. 1809
(Orville - Marianne)

1908 SIGNORINETTA b.f. 1905
(Chaleureux - Signorina)

Family #23 St. Leger Winners


1883 OSSIAN b.c. 1880
(Salvator - Music)

1956 CAMBREMER ch.c. 1953
(Chamossaire - Tomorrow)

Family #23 Other Family Members

A La Greque
A La Greque
Burgoo King
Burgoo King
Edith Cavell
Edith Cavell
Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale
Reel. With Permission from
National Museum of Racing
Tim Tam
Tim Tam
Twilight Tear
Twilight Tear
Two Lea
Two Lea
War Dance
War Dance

A La Greque ch.f. 1763
(Regulus - mare by Allworthy)
Important taproot mare in this family, and a good racemare. Bred and owned by John Pratt of Middleton, Yorkshire, she won a 100 guineas sweepstakes at Newmarket, York's Great Subscription purse, and a sweepstakes at Richmond at age four, and at age five the King's 100 guineas race at Newcastle-upon-Tyne and the Great Subscription purse at York a second time. Sold to Sir Lawrence Dundas of Richmond, at age six she won the King's 100 guineas at Newmarket. She produced nine foals for Sir Lawrence, most of them winners; all present day representatives of Family 23 descend from her daughters -- an unnamed filly by Marske, and Emma and Maria, both by Telemachus.

Affirmed ch. c. 1975
(Exclusive Native - Won't Tell You)
Gutsy and game winner of the American Triple Crown of 1978, also champion 2 year old, champion 3 year old, and 1978 and 1979 Horse of the Year in the U.S, winning 22 of his 29 starts and retiring as the then-richest horse in history. Sired 77 stakes winners, including dual champion grass mare in the U.S., Flawlessly; Irish champion Trusted Partner; Irish/English champion Zoman; Canadian champions Charlie Barley, One from Heaven and Canadian Horse of the Year Peteski; Italian champions Tibullo and Medi Flash; French champions Affidavit and Bint Pasha. Euthanized at age 26 in January 2001.

Ardross b. c. 1976
(Run the Gantlet - Le Melody)
Irish-bred Champion European stayer in 1982 and 1983, he won 14 of his 20 races to age six, his wins including the Jockey Club Cup, Yorkshire Cup (twice), Ascot Gold Cup (twice), Goodwood Cup, the Doncaster Cup (twice), the Jockey Club Stakes, The Geoffrey Freer Stakes (twice), and second to Akidya by a head in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, among other placings. Sired, among others, the staying filly Ard Countess; Alderbrook (Prix Dollar, Select Stakes, Prix Dollar, and others); the top Italian steeplechaser and two-time winner of the Gran Premio Merano, Miocamen; and Filia Ardross, winner of the Preis der Diana and the Hansa Preis and others in Germany and of the Select Stakes in England.

Barcaldine b. c. 1878
(Solon - Ballyroe)
Big-boned, high-mettled and undefeated, generally considered one of the all-time greats of racing, although never seriously tested due to the questionable management of his breeder and first owner. Won four races in his native Ireland at age 2; the Baldoyle Derby and two other races at age 3; did not run at age 4; at age 5 and with a change in ownership, won the Westminster Cup, Epsom Stakes, Ascot's Orange Cup, and the Northumberland Plate, beating top horses. Responsible for perpetuating the West Australian sire line through son Marco (Cambridgeshire Stakes, grandsire Hurry On); also sire of Mimi (Oaks and 1,000 Guineas); Sir Visto (Derby and St. Leger); Morion (Ascot Gold Cup); Espoir (German Derby); The Rush (Chester Cup), Wolf's Crag (Lincolnshire Handicap), and many more.

Burgoo King ch. c. 1929
(Bubbling Over - Minawand)
Son of Kentucky Derby winner Bubbling Over, he also won the Derby, then the Preakness Stakes; did not place in the Withers Stakes and shortly thereafter fell lame with a bowed tendon. At age 2 he won four times in small races, from twelve starts. Called "far from robust" by turf writers, he did not run at age 4, but was brought back at age 5 before retiring to stud. Sired six stakes winners, including the sturdy handicap mare Burgoo Maid who won 30 races in six years, 31 times second, and another tough horse, Be Fearless, winner of 33 races in 96 starts to age ten.

Bushranger ch. g. 1930
(Stefan the Great - War Path)
Top steeplechaser in the U.S.

Chanticleer gr. c. 1843
(Irish Birdcatcher - Whim)
Irish-bred stayer of courage, strength and speed, "...but very bad temper." Won 19 races, including the Northumberland Plate, Goodwood Stakes and Doncaster Cup, many thought he should have won the Ascot Emperor of Russia's Plate, where he placed second to Von Tromp. Sired, among others, the good stayer Eller (Great Yorkshire Stakes, sire of Formosa); Ellermire (dam of Ascot Gold Vase winner Elland, and of The Ill-Used); Lady Alice (dam of Weatherbit and St. Editha); Lord Alfred, a good two year-old; Sunbeam (St. Leger Stakes).

Cortolvin b. c. 1859
(Chicken or Cheerful Horn - Dairymaid)
Won the 1867 Grand National at Aintree, under the highest weight to that time (11-3), after placing second to Salamander in 1866 in that race. Irish-bred on both sire and dam side for several generations, his second dam, Michaelmas Daisy, was by Verulam, who also got Wanderer, the 1855 Grand National winner.

Cyprian b. f. 1833
(Partisan - Frailty)
"A good and honest mare, whose success was hardly equal to her merits," ran third in a sweepstakes as a two years old, her only race that year. At age 3 she won a sweepstakes for fillies which made her an odds-on favorite for the Oaks, which she won over a field of twelve. She also won the Northumberland Plate that year, then ran third in the Craven Stakes and was retired to stud. Excellent broodmare, dam of Songstress (Oaks, see below); Joe Lovell (Great Yorkshire Stakes). Through daughter Cypriana, third dam of Oaks winner Limasol (1894) and fourth dam of Ethelbert (Belmont Stakes); through daughter Meteora, fourth dam of Burgomaster; through daughter Miss Horewood, grandam of Pitsford (2,000 Guineas).

Discovery ch. c. 1931
(Display - Ariadne)
Won two small races at age 2, and did not win any of the classics at age 3, always beaten by the preeminent Cavalcade, but he did win the Brooklyn Handicap by six lengths, against older horses, carrying the highest weight for a 3 year old. He went on that year to win the Kenner, Whitney, Maryland, and Rhode Island Handicaps, often carrying the highest weight and establishing a record time for a mile and 3/16 in the Rhode Island. At age 4, traveling over 9,000 miles and quickly becoming a popular favorite, he won eleven of his nineteen races, carrying an average of 130 pounds: his wins included the Brooklyn Handicap (American record), the Detroit Challenge Cup (by 30 lengths), the Arlington Handicap (135 pounds, a mile and a quarter in 2.01 1/5), the Hawthorne Gold Cup, and other top handicaps and stakes races. At age 5, he ran in California, winning the San Carlos Handicap, but failing in the Santa Anita and the San Antonio. Shipped back east he returned after a 4 month rest to win the Inchcape Handicap, and some other races, but the demands on him began to tell; running unplaced at the end of the season in the Havre de Grace Handicap, and pulling up lame, he was retired to Sagamore Stud. Known for his cheerful and willing temperament, his molten gold coat, and his great heart, weight-carrying ability and stamina, he was champion handicapper at ages 4 and 5. Did not leave a good sire son, but proved to be an excellent filly getter and influential broodmare sire. His best foals included the full siblings Loser Weeper (top handicapper) and Miss Disco (good stakes winner and dam of steeplechaser Independence and top sire Bold Ruler); Conniver (champion handicap mare); Geisha (dam of Native Dancer); Traffic Court (won 11 of her 63 starts, dam of Traffic Judge and Hasty Road); My Recipe (dam of Intentionally).

Domino br. c. 1891
(Himyar - Mannie Gray )
Best juvenile of his year and top three year old, died at age 6 having sired only 20 foals, but had incalcuable effect on American breeding.

Edith Cavell b. f. 1923
(Man o' War - The Nurse)
One of two excellent racing daughters from this cross, she was a good juvenile, winning the Astoria Stakes and two others, and improved at age 3 to win the Coaching Club American Oaks, the Latonia Oaks and the Pimlico Cup. At ages 4 and 5 was a good, but not top, handicapper, winning the Governor Bowie Handicap and the Pimlico Cup again (age 5). Had just one foal. Her sister, Florence Nightingale (1922 br. f.), won 5 of her 34 starts, including the Coaching Club of America Oaks by 5 lengths. Their dam, The Nurse, was unraced.

Galopade gr. f. 1828
(Catton - Camillina)
Doncaster Cup winner Galopade was imported into America around 1835 and heads her own branch of this family, with three daughters whose highly successful descendants are largely responsible for its success to the present date.

Gimcrack gr. c. 1760
(Cripple - Miss Elliot)
Highly popular 18th century racehorse ran for eight years; later sire of Medley, who brought his line to the U.S., and perpetuated it through his daughters, who became important American matriarchs.

Hamburg b. c. 1895
(Hanover - Lady Reel)
Fast racehorse and leading sire in America.

Jerry M. b. g. 1903
(Walmsgate - mare by Luminary)
First dual winner of the Grand National and the Grand Steeple-Chase de Paris.

Lecomte ch. c. 1850
(Boston - Reel)
A rich red chestnut, 15 1/2 hands tall, "...one of the finest animals I ever saw and looked like carrying 14 stone to hounds." Won his first outing at age 3 at the Metairie Race Course, New Orleans, in mile heats, the second heat the fastest recorded to that date. He won four more races before his first meeting with Lexington, to whom his name will always be linked, including the Jockey Club purse at New Orleans run in two mile heats. He was defeated by Lexington in the Great Post Stakes, and in turn defeated the great horse in a Jockey Club Purse of four mile heats at Metairie in 1854. He won three more races at Natchez and Metairie, and then faced Lexington again in 1855 at Metairie where he was decisively beaten. He won several more races before his sale to Richard Ten Broeck, owner of Lexington. He was sent to Kentucky, where he covered a few mares, and then was shipped to England to run with his half-sister Prioress. A leg injury sustained at Metairie proved serious, and he only ran once, being beaten by 20 lengths, and a month later died after a colic episode. Of the few foals he got before his ill-advised visit to England, one was Umpire, a good racehorse in England; others were Uncle Jeff, a winner at Metairie, and Sherrod, a top racehorse during the Civil War, and finally, an unnamed filly who became the third dam of Domino, ensuring that Lecomte's blood continues to be seen today.

Mannie Gray bl. f. 1874
(Enquirer - Lizzie G)
Influential American broodmare, dam of Domino, Correction, and tail-female taproot of other top racehorses.

Orégano ch. c. 1930
(Diadochos - Yerberita)
Top winner in Argentina, including the Gran Premio Jockey Club Argentino, General Luis Maria Campos, and four other races. Sent to stud in Chile, he got a number of classic winners in South America, including Tabano (Polla de Portrillos, El Ensayo, Chilean Derby, Chilean St. Leger and others); Polo Sur (Cotejo de Potrillos, Club Hipico de Santiago, Jockey Club Argentino, and others, champion racehorse and good sire); Saint Oregon (El Ensayo); Osiris (Hipodromo Chile, sire); Oribero (Sire of Epigrama); Yadran (winner in South America and the U.S.). A noted broodmare sire, he was also Chile's leading sire in 1950 and 1951.

Ponder b. c. 1946
(Pensive - Miss Rushin)
Unpromising at age 2, he trained on to become one of the top three year olds in the U.S., winning 9 of his 21 starts and placing second five times. His wins included the Kentucky Derby, the Lawrence Realization, Jockey Club Gold Cup, American Derby, Arlington Classic, and other top races. At age 4 he won the Santa Anita Maturity and the San Antonio Handicap. In the stud his best were Kentucky Derby - Belmont Stakes winner Needles, the good race filly and producer Plum Cake, and Twice Over, the second dam of Chris Evert. Died relatively early, at age 12.

Prioress b. f. 1853
(Sovereign - Reel)
Game, weight-carrying American-bred filly shipped to England to run, where she won the Cesarewitch, the Great Yorkshire Handicap, and several matches and plates.

Reel gr. f. 1838
(Glencoe - Galopade)
Significant American broodmare, dam of Prioress, Lecomte, Fanny Wells and War Dance; her tail-female descendants included Winning Colors, the grey filly who won the Kentucky Derby; Two Lea (see below), and Chris Evert, winner of the U.S. "triple crown" for fillies and a top broodmare.

Salpicón ch. c. 1916
(Val d' Or - Carbonada)
Argentinian-bred winner of top races at age 2, and at age 3, winner of seven of his nine races, including the Premio Argentina Club Hipico; El Derby; and the Viña del Mar. Between ages 4 and 6 he won the Club Hipico de Santiago, the Chilean Champion Stakes, and a number of other top races, and was ranked as one of the cracks of his generation, winning 24 of his 33 races. At stud in Chile, he was a preeminent sire, leading the list in 1931 and 1932. Among his get were Tutti Frutti (El Ensayo, El Derby, St. Leger, winner in Cuba, Colombia and the U.S.); Trampiato (El Ensayo); Rococó (El Derby), and a number of other Chilean classic winners.

Songstress b. f. 1849
(Irish Birdcatcher - Cyprian)
Songstress ran between ages 2 to 4. She ran twice at age two, winning one and placing second in the Triennial at Ascot. At age three, she beat a large field in the Oaks and went on to win the Triennial, but placed fifth in the St. Leger (won by Stockwell). She failed to win at 4, her connections putting her up against top company in races like the Cesarewitch; her best was a third in the Roxburgh Handicap at Kelso. Bred three foals in Great Britain, then sent to France; through daughter Nightingale, ancestress of Orlando (1899 by Orme).

Souverain b. c. 1943
(Maravedis - Jolie Reine)
French-bred, trained, and owned bright bay colt was good at 2, and at 3 proved to be one of Europe's top stayers, winning the Grand Prix de Paris, the Prix Jean Prat and the King George VI Stakes at Ascot, beating the favored Derby winner Airborne. At age 4 won the Ascot Gold Cup and other good distance races in France. Sired Scot (Prix Royal Oak, Grand Prix de Deauville) and winners in Italy, Ireland, Austria, England.

Thais br. f. 1893
(St. Serf - Poetry)
Excitable filly won the Crabbet Plate at age 2, and went on at age 3 to win the 1,000 Guineas, placing second to Canterbury Pilgrim in the Oaks, but beating her decisively in the Coronation Stakes at Ascot. She died early without producing a foal.

Tim Tam dk.b./br. c. 1955
(Tom Fool - Two Lea)
Champion Three Year old from two champion parents, he won the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, Everglade Stakes, Fountain of Youth Stakes, and a heart-breaking second in the Belmont Stakes, shattering a sesamoid in the last 2 furlongs of that race. In the stud his best foal was the great race mare Tosmah, champion 2 and 3 year old filly in the U.S; others included Royal Entrance (dam of champion 3 year old filly, Davona Dale); Flying Tammie (dam of champion turf horse Mac Diarmida); Tamerett (dam of Known Fact, Secrettame and others).

Twilight Tear b. f. 1941
(Bull Lea - Lady Lark)
U.S. Horse of the Year in 1944, this great racemare won four of her six starts at age 2, and eleven straight races at age 3, including the Coaching Club of America Oaks, the Acorn Stakes, the Pimlico Special (beating Devil Diver), the Classic Stakes. In the stud she produced A Gleam, another outstanding racing filly (Hollywood Oaks, Malibu Stakes and 10 others) and through her, grandam of two more good racehorses, Gleaming (Hialeah Turf Cup and 12 others, sire) and A Glitter (Coaching Club of America Oaks, Monmouth Oaks and five others).

Two Lea b. f. 1946
(Bull Lea - Two Bob)
Champion Handicap U.S. mare won 15 races in 26 starts, out of the money only twice in her four injury-plagued years of running; her last race at age six was her win of the 1 1 /4 mile Hollywood Gold Cup. She was equally successful in the stud, producing On and On (Brooklyn Handicap, Tropical Park Handicap and ten others from 58 starts, broodmare sire of Alydar); producer Mon Ange; Pied d'Or (Camden Handicap and 17 others); Champion Tim-Tam (see above). Her dam also produced Miz Clementine (Vagrancy Handicap, California Derby and 14 others, second dam of Best Turn) and Twosy (Sagamore Stakes and 20 other races, producer).

War Dance ch. c. 1860
(Lexington - Reel)
Last foal of the American matron Reel, he showed enough promise in training that his owner planned to send him to England to race, but he fell lame at New Orleans and was immediately sent to stud, where he became an influential stallion. Among his get were the filly Lizzie G, grandam through Mannie Gray of Domino; War Song, second dam of Knight of Ellerslie (Preakness, sire of Henry of Navarre); Limestone, who was a top racer over hurdles.

Zev br. c. 1920
(The Finn - Miss Kearney)
High-strung, speedy horse of great courage, top of his generation at age 3. At age 2 won the Grand Union Hotel Stakes and the Albany Handicap and three others in twelve starts, and second four times. At age 3 he won the Kentucky Derby at odds of 20 to 1, then went on to win the Belmont and Withers Stakes, and later proved he could go a distance by winning the Lawrence Realization. He achieved everlasting popularity by beating the Epsom Derby winner Papyrus in a special match race at Belmont Park; at the end of this three year old season, he had won twelve of his fourteen races and $272,008, the largest amount of money ever won in a single year by a thoroughbred to that date. At age 4 he won six of his seventeen races, his cumulative winnings totaling over $300,000, making him the richest racehorse in the world to that time. He was not a success at stud.

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