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  Family C-4: Gipsy

Gipsy, a black mare by Rous' Emigrant, was bred at the Charles Smith's Clifton Stud (see also Family C - 3) on the Hawkesbury River. Smith was the most prominent breeder and owner of racehorses in the 1830s and '40s, standing some of the most significant of the early stallions in Australia, including Steeltrap, Rous' Emigrant, The Doctor, Theorem, and Emancipation at his famous Bungarribee Stud (Cumberland county), and at Abbotsbury, Bayly Park at South Creek, and Clifton, all properties purchased over the course of around fifteen years. After her family rose in prominence, an attempt was made to determine Gipsy's breeding -- it was asssumed she was a thoroughbred because the mares at Clifton, as far as was known, were all "purebred" -- and an elderly groom who had worked for Smith stated he believed her dam to be by Bay Camerton, from a mare by Steeltrap. This could never be confirmed.

Gipsy was purchased from Smith by John Beit and taken to New Zealand in 1844 or 1845, and was sold to Mr. Tinline, an early owner of racehorses in New Zealand (one of his horses, Cannon-ball, ran in the first recorded race in Nelson in February, 1843). Gipsy was raced by Tinline at Stoke, one of the principal early centers of horse breeding and racing in New Zealand. In the first meeting held there in 1845, carrying 9 st.-10 lbs., she beat Quilp in the Forced Handicap, and Raffen in the Scurry. The next year she "won the principal races so easily as to deprive them of all interest." In 1847 she beat the New Zealand-bred colt Il Barbiere (1842, Figaro-imp. mare by Emilius) in a weight-for-age race, although he trounced her in a race the next year.

Gipsy was covered four years in succession by her former rival, Il Barbiere, producing four winners: the chestnut colt Young Barber (1847); a brown filly, Gipsy Queen (1848); the black fillies Zitella (1849), and Zingara (1850). After that she produced a black filly, Zingaree, by Glendon (1851), and finally, the brown filly Meg Merrilies, by St. George in 1852, after which she died. Gipsy Queen and Meg Merrilies established successful branches of the family in New Zealand, largely developed in the stud of J.W. Mallock, with five New Zealand (formerly Canterbury) Derby winners prior to 1890 descending from them, most of them by Traducer.

Gipsy's daughter Zingara (1850, by Il Barbiere), was a first class runner for Henry Redwood, "father of the New Zealand Turf," winning races at all distances over the Nelson course, which was located close to Redwood's first stud farm at Hednesford. Redwood took her to Australia to race, where she dead-heated for first in the Australian Plate and won two other races. She was sold there, along with two other horses Redwood had successfully raced in Australia -- Zoe and Chevalier -- for £1000 each to Judge Alfred Cheeke of Sydney. At Mount Druitt Farm at South Creek, St. Marys, co-owned by Cheeke and the famous trainer-owner John Tait (owner of The Barb, see Family 3), she produced Dundee (1861, winner of the first big Randwick miles -- the AJC Doncaster Handicap and the AJC Epsom Handicap), and Coeur De Lion (1866, winner of the VRC Flying Stakes). Her grandaughter, Gitana went back to New Zealand, where her son, Gipsy King (1884) won the DJC Dunedin Champagne Stakes in 1887 and the Dunedin Cup in 1888; Gitana's grandson, Ivanoff (1903) won the CJC Canterbury Welcome Stakes as a juvenile.

One Gipsy Queen descendant, New Zealand-bred Calumny (1869), won the New Zealand Derby in 1872, and, after being taken to Australia, won the VRC Newmarket Handicap in 1875. In Australia she established a successful branch of the family, which included Cross Keys, who won the Adelaide St. Leger in 1903, and the famous Brisbane sprinter Auction (1936).

This family is still active in New Zealand and Australia, with recent winners including 2003 New Zealand Derby winner Cut the Cake, and Hello Dolly, winner of the 2001 WRC Fayette Park Prized Stakes and twice winner of the Hawkes Bay Challenge Stakes (2000, 2001).

Notable Descendants



Auction b.g. 1936
(Monash Valley - Miss Winton)
A tail-female descendant of Calumny, he was a brilliant sprinter, racing only in Queensland during World War II, when race meetings were significantly curtailed, winning numerous sprint races under huge imposts. His most significant win was the 1942 BATC Doomben Newmarket Handicap ("The Ten Thousand"), carrying 10 st.-12 lbs.

Calumny ch.f. 1869
(Traducer - Gitana)
Raced by the prominent early Canterbury owner-breeder Stephen Nosworthy, she was one of Traducer's good racing daughters of the late '60s and early '70s, and later a good broodmare. Ridden by the top jockey Bob Reay, in 1872 she won the Canterbury Derby (now the New Zealand Derby) over 1-1/2 miles, among other races, and in Australia won the VRC Newmarket Handicap. She was purchased in Australia and went to stud at Bundoora Park Stud, Melbourne; her grandaughter, Scuffle (1893, by Commotion) was owned by the New South Wales turfite, Dr. Lang, and in the stud produced Cross Keys (1899, by Padlock), who won the Adelaide St. Leger in 1903 and the WATC Imperial Stakes in 1904; she, in turn, bred the gelded Azamour (1913, by Mazagan), a dual winner of the WATC Easter Handicap. Calumney's near-relative Defamation (1868, by Traducer, from Calumny's sister, Futurity) also won the Canterbury Derby. Another sister to Calumny, Gossip (1868) produced four stakes winners: Leonara (1879) who won the Taranaki Cup and the ARC Easter Handicap Stakes; the 1896 Hawkes Bay Guineas winner Forester (1883), Wanganui Derby winner Revoke (1882), and Canard (by Anteros), winner of the 1886 New Zealand Grand National Steeplechase when it was still a four mile race, carrying 12 st-10 lbs.

Envy b.f. 1867
(Traducer - Azucena)
Stephen Nosworthy's filly Envy (1867, by Traducer) and her dam, Azucena (Towton-- Meg Merrilies), raced by Henry Lance, were both Canterbury (New Zealand) Derby winners, bred by J.W. Mallock, who initiated the race in 1860 by putting up £50, to be matched by the Canterbury Racing Club.

Manton br. c. 1885
(Musket - Tres Deuce)
One of Musket's good running sons, Manton was bred at Sylvia Park Stud and purchased, trained and owned by Patsy Butler, a jockey and then successful trainer, especially of distance horses and jumpers. His friend, Dan O'Brien, purchased the great Carbine at the same sale. Manton had three starts as a juvenile, twice succumbing to Carbine, before winning his last race of the season, where Carbine was absent. At age three, with Carbine racing in Australia, Manton dominated the three-year-old crop, winning the Hawkes Bay Guineas, the New Zealand Cup, by four lengths, the New Zealand Derby, the Canterbury Cup, the DJC Marshall Memorial Stakes, and the Wanganui Derby. His win of the "treble" (Derby, Canterbury Cup and New Zealand Cup) electrified the New Zealand racing public, a journalist noting "No such feat has been achieved either before or since, and it will probably be some years before we have another equal to such a task..." Butler, who made a great deal in betting on his horse, took Manton to Australia, where he was unsuccessful, and after he was sold, Manton broke down badly, and was retired to stud in Victoria. Unlike Musket's other top colts, he was not a success as a stallion. His half-sister Louie (1878, by Anteros) was a very good runner, winner of the Hawkes Bay Cup and the ARC Easter Handicap, and her sister Jessie (1883, by Anteros), produced Rex, a two-time winner of the ARC Easter Handicap Stakes and Chasseur, a winner of the CJC Steward's Handicap. Another half-sister, Namoa (1888, by Nordenfeldt), was a winner of the CJC Canterbury Welcome Stakes and is the principal conduit of the family to the present.

Descent Chart

Bold=winners of stakes races and important handicap and weight-for-age races

Mare by Steeltrap
 Mare by Bay Camerton
   Gipsy (blk.f. 1840) by Rous' Emigrant
    Gipsy Queen (br.f. 1848) by Il Barbiere
    | Gitana (blk.f. 1856) by Sir Hercules
    |  Futurity (br.f. 1859) by Sleight of Hand Jr.
    |  | Defamation (ch.f. 1868) by Traducer
    |  Gossip (ch.f. 1868) by Traducer
    |  | Burlington (c. 1875) by Albany
    |  | Leonora (ch.f. 1879) by Leolinus
    |  | | Aronoel (ch.f. 1887) by Apremont
    |  | | Coeur de Lion (ch.c. 1893) by Dreadnought
    |  | Revoke (f. 1882) by Premier
    |  | Forester (c. 1883) by Puriri
    |  Calumny (ch.f. 1869) by Traducer
    |  | Spite (f. 1878) by The Peer
    |  | | Scuffle (f. 1893) by Commotion
    |  | |  Cross Keys (b.f. 1899) by Padlock
    |  | |  | Azamor (b.g. 1913) by Mazagan
    |  | |  Scourge (f. 1906) by Wallace
    |  | |   Molly Blankney (f. 1919) by Blankney II
    |  | |    Miss Winton (f. 1927) by Corban
    |  | |     Auction (b.g. 1936) by Monash Valley
    |  | Lady Teazle (f. 1882) by Angler
    |  |  Mischief (b.f. 1891) by Commotion
    |  Slanderer (ch.c. 1870) by Traducer
    |  Tres Deuce (ch.f. 1874) by Traducer
    |   Louie (ch.f. 1878) by Anteros
    |   Jessie (f. 1883) by Anteros
    |   | Rex (ch.g. 1892) by St. Leger
    |   | Chasseur (br.c. 1894) by Cuirassier
    |   Manton (br.c. 1885) by Musket
    |   Namoa (ch.f. 1888) by Nordenfeldt
    |   | Hine-nui-te-po (br.f. 1894) by Carlyon
    |   |  Possibility (b.f. 1901) by The Possible
    |   |   Lady Laddo (b.f. 1907) by Sir Laddo
    |   |    Rouen (b.c. 1917) by Bezonian
    |   |    Hinearoha (f. 1918) by Boniform
    |   |     Arikira (br.c. 1927) by Limond
    |   |     Triple Crown (f. 1937) by Wheriko
    |   |      Pinnacle Ridge (ch.f. 1950) by North Island
    |   |      Kirimon (f. 1955) by Tauloch
    |   |      Romantic Crown (f. 1956) by Knight's Romance
    |   |       Romantic (f. 1964) by Never Give Up
    |   |       | Cream Puff (f. 1971) by Five Arrows
    |   |       |  Eclair (f. 1985) by Imposing
    |   |       |   Icing on the Cake (f. 1990) by Straight Strike
    |   |       |   Cut the Cake (b.g. 2000) by Yamanin Vital
    |   |       Kaiponu (b.f. 1966) by Never Give Up
    |   |       | Mrs. Coobee (b.f. 1979) by Avaray
    |   |       | | Drambuie (b.f. 1986) by Red Tempo
    |   |       | |  Hello Dolly (b.f. 1995) by Mi Preferido
    |   |       | Madam's Choice (f. 1985) by Dealer's Choice
    |   |       |  Classic Spirit (g. 1991) by Beldale Lear
    |   |       |  No Fibs (f. 1995) by Casual Lies
    |   |       Royal Chick (b.f. 1967) by Bally Royal
    |   |       Heirship (b.f. 1968) by Bally Royal
    |   |       | Brauner Flight (br.f. 1981) by Brauner
    |   |       |  Shekanwyn (br.f. 1987) by Musical Phantasy
    |   |       |  | She's a Meanie (br.f. 1995) by Prince Salieri
    |   |       |  Saxonvale (g. 1989) by Centaine
    |   |       Louise (f. 1975) by Music Teacher
    |   Tingara (ch.f. 1889) by Nordenfeldt
    |    St. Crispin (ch.c. 1894) by St. Leger
    Zingara (blk.f. 1850) by Il Barbiere
    | Dundee (ch.c. 1861) by Whalebone
    | Coeur de Lion (b.c. 1855) by New Warrior
    | Gipsy (blk.f. 1870) by Yattendon
    |  Gitana (b.f. 1878) by Rapid Bay
    |   Gipsy King (b.c. 1884) by Le Loup
    |   Arline (f. 1892) by St. Clair
    |    Ivanoff (br.c. 1903) by Stepniak
    Meg Merrilies (br.f. 1852) by St. George
     Azucena (br.f. 1859) by Towton
     | Envy (b.f. 1867) by Traducer
     |  Jealousy (f. 1882) by Cassivelaunus
     |   Remembrance (c. 1888) by Fusilier
     Lady of the Lake (f. 1873) by Sledmere
      Symphony (f. 1881) by Perkin Warbeck
      | Culverin (f. 1890) by Artillery
      |  Letherin (g. 1900) by Lethe
      Lady Lorraine (f. 1892) by Lorraine
       Warsaw (c. 1904) by Stepniak

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