Turf Hallmarks


 Genetic Markers




 Search our site

 E-mail us


Historic Dams

Families Explained

  English Foundation Mares

  American Foundation Mares

  Argentinian Foundation Mares

  Colonial Foundation Mares

  Half-Bred Foundation Mares

  Polish Foundation Mares

Champion Broodmares

  Kentucky Broodmare of the Year

  Sovereign Award Winners

Related Links

History of the Australian Stud Book

The British East India Company in Early Australia

Horse Racing in Australia

Australian Race Charts

New Zealand Race Charts

Leading Sires in Australia

Leading Sires in New Zealand

Colonial Family Quick Links

#1 #2 #3 #4
#5 #6 #7 #8
#9 #10 #11 #12
#13 #14 #15 #16
#17 #18 #19 #20
#21 #22 #23 #24
#25 #26 #27 #28
#29 #30 #31 #32
#33 #34 #35 #36
NSB: Princess NSB: Finesse
NSB: Maritana NSB: Flirt


  Family C-31:Jewess

This family produced at least one good racehorse in each generation in the nineteenth century, including winners of some big classic races, and of three Sydney Cups. Its last truly successful runner, Easingwold, was born in 1918.

Jewess was a broodmare in the Bylong Stud, near Bathurst, of the brothers James and John Lee. Some of the most influential broodmares and stallions in early Australian breeding were lodged or bred at Bylong, including the colonial taproot mares Sappho (Family C - 1), the Steeltrap Mare (Family C - 16), the Young English Mare (Family C - 9), and the stallions Marquis (1836, by Dover), imp. Kingston (1860, by Kingston), and the great native-born sire Sir Hercules (1843, by imp. Cap-a-pie).

Jewess was by Marquis, who had been bred at the Scott brothers' Hunter Valley thoroughbred nursery, Glendon, and served as a stallion at Bylong, where he got a number of important mares and a sire-son, Young Marquis (Family C - 9). Her dam was an arabian mare from parents imported by the Australian Agricultural Company in 1835. Jewess herself is not listed in the Australian Stud Book, but three of her daughters, and a grandaughter, that lists a fourth daughter in her pedigree, are. Her daughters were Quickstep, Blue Bell, Blue Bonnet, and Ildegonda (1860), all by Little John II; the first three were probably all bred in the 1850s. Little John II (c. 1840) was bred at the Rouse Hill stud of Richard Rouse Snr., from the mare Problem, by imp. Theorem, and was a stallion at Bylong, where he got some good runners from Sappho (Family C - 1), and other mares.

Quickstep produced a filly, Silverhair (1866), by Sir Hercules, that bred at least four foals for Australian-born James White on one of his several stations in the Hunter Valley, or at Kirkham, near Camden (southwest Sydney), where he built his mansion, now known as Camelot. White was the holder of vast acreages, and was a prominent member of Sydney society and political circles, as well as a long-time member of the Australian Jockey Club committee, and its chairman for seven years. He purchased and raced Derby and Melbourne Cup winner Chester, and New Zealand-bred Martini-Henry, who repeated that double win the following year, and bred and/or raced such other notables as Abercorn (by Chester), and the great stayer Trident (by Robinson Crusoe). Silverhair's son, Democrat (1873, by Gemma di Vergy) won the AJC Metropolitan Handicap and the Sydney Cup in 1878 for White. His brother, Sydney (1874), won the QTC Brisbane Cup.

Jewess' daughter Blue Bell bred ten foals for the Lees at Bylong. Of these, four siblings by the Lee's imported stallion Kingston had particular significance. Partisan (1866) won the 1871 Viceroy's Cup in India and Blue Peter (1869), won the VRC Essendon Stakes in 1872 and the VRC St. Leger Stakes the following year. At Bylong, Blue Bell's daughter Verbena (1868) became the dam of nine live foals, including Frisco (1883, by Grand Flaneur), another Sydney Cup winner in this family. Nightshade, Blue Bell's first foal, produced Regina (1891, by Forest King), winner of the AJC December Stakes and the VRC Oaks and later dam of Stuart King (1898), a good winner in South Australia. Nightshade was also the dam of Lubra (1894, by Forest King), third dam of Easingwold (1918, see below), who was the last of the family to win important races.

The third Jewess daughter, Blue Bonnet, was the dam of The Duke (1865, by Kingston), a winner of the AJC Derby in 1868 and of the 16 furlong Tattersall's NSW Club Cup in 1871.

Jewess' daughter Ildegonda (1860), was in the stud of John Readford, the son of pastoralist Thomas Readford who also had an inn at Cunningham's Creek, near Mudgee. John Readford took up property at the Gunnegaldra station on the Macquarie River. He and his brother Edward had a fairly large collection of broodmares that produced racehorses, including Ildegonda, who produced twelve foals, all of them by stallions owned by the Lees at Bylong; one, Marske (1864, by Sir Hercules), became a stallion, and two of her daughters, Wire (1875, by Barbarian) and her sister, Zyrina (1874), were retained by Readford and bred foals for him, but they did not win significant races, and it appears this branch, like the others, disappeared from the stud book in the first half of the twentieth century.

Notable Descendants

Easingwold ch.c. 1918
(Eaton Lad - Bahloo)
Bred by T.A. Harris in New South Wales, he became one of the best to ever race in Western Australia. He won the WATC Karrakatta Plate for juveniles, and was the top three-year old in 1921-22, winning the West Australian Derby and St. Leger Stakes (in record time that stood for 48 years), schooled by Bill Marks from his Glenelg Stables at Perth. His other wins included the WATC December Stakes, All-Aged Stakes, Osborne Stakes (twice), and the Perth Stakes. He also won the Kalgoorlie Cup (11 furlongs) in 1922, the VATC Herbert Power Handicap over 11 furlongs, twice, the VATC St. George Stakes (9 furlongs, beating Eurythmic) and the MVRC W.S. Cox Plate. In his later seasons he was trained by the famous Jack Holt (trainer of Heroic and other greats). As a stallion in Western Australia he got WATC Easter Mile winner Ganemedes and Easewold (1939), winner of the Kalgoorlie Cup twice, and was dam's sire of some Western Australian winners, including Falsetto and Thorium.

Descent Chart

Bold=winners of stakes races and important handicap and weight-for-age races

Arabian mare (f.) [imp. 1835]
 Jewess (f. 18-) by Marquis
  Quickstep (f. 185-) by Little John II
  | Silverhair (f. 1866) by Sir Hercules
  |  Democrat (b.c. 1873) by Gemma di Vergy
  |  Sydney (b.c. 1874) by Gemma di Vergy
  Blue Bell (f. 185-) by Little John II
  | Nightshade (blk.f. 1864) by Kingston
  | | Ghinni Ghinni (br./blk.f. 1874) by Barbarian
  | |  Regina (blk.f. 1891) by Forest King
  | |  | Stuart King (br.c. 1898) by Clan Stuart
  | |  Lubra (f. 1894) by Forest King
  | |   Enaweena (f. 1900) by Grafton
  | |   | Bahloo (f. 1908) by Maltster
  | |   |  Easingwold (ch.c. 1918) by Eaton Lad
  | |   Lancaster Lass (f. 1902) by Lancaster
  | |    Relievo (br.c. 1909) by Murillo
  | Partisan (c. 1866) by Kingston
  | Verbena (b.f. 1868) by Kingston
  | | Frisco (b/br.g. 1883) by Grand Flaneur
  | Blue Peter (b.c. 1869) by Kingston
  Blue Bonnet (f. 185-) by Little John II
  |  The Duke (b.c. 1865) by Kingston
  Ildegonda (f. 1860) by Little John II
    Marske (ch.c. 1864) by Sir Hercules

Home   Historic Sires   Historic Dams   Portraits   Turf Hallmarks   Breeders   Genetics   Resources   Contributors   Search   Store   E-mail

©2006 Patricia Erigero, Thoroughbred Heritage. All rights reserved.