Home

 Sires

 Dams

 Portraits

 Turf Hallmarks

 Breeders

 Genetic Markers

 Resources

 Contributors

 Store

 Search our site

 E-mail us


 

Historic Sires

Foundation Sires

  Alphabetized Index

  Chronologic Index

Leading Sires

Sire Line Charts

  Byerley Turk Sire Line

  Darley Arabian Sire Line

  Godolphin Arabian Sire Line

Horses That Jump

Roots of Modern Show Jumpers

Related Information

Foundation Breeders

Foundation Sires Quick Links

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: P
graphic

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions

Partner
Partner
Phosphorus
Phosphorus
Pilgrim
Pilgrim
Play or Pay
PlayorPay
Protector
Protector
Pulleines Chest Arab
PulleinesChestArab
Pumpkin
Pumpkin
Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus
Pacolet
SIRE: Blank - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Whiteneck mare by Crab - Young White Neck by Godolphin Arabian - Grey White Neck by Conyers' Arabian - Frampton's Whiteneck by Curwen's Baby Barb - Mixbury's dam by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
Grey 1763. His dam was bred in the Godolphin stud, eventually passing for several years by arrangement to the Earl of Grosvenor from her owner, the third Duke of Ancaster. She produced Pacolet for Lord Grosvenor, who raced him. A good racehorse of the late 1760s; he won a subscription purse at Newmarket in 1768, a Jockey Club Plate, and other races. He was ancestor of a number of greys who became famous, primarily through his grey daughter Faith (1779), who produced the successful sire Camillus. Also sired son Pacolet from Faith's dam (1780); Citizen (1785) imported into the U.S. and an important sire of top race mares and broodmares there, as well as a significant son, also called Pacolet; and an un-named mare who produced some racehorses, including the grey Lear (1789). One turf commentator noted he was not given much in the way of opportunity at stud, standing, as he did, during Eclipse's reign.
Pagett Turk/Arabian (Great Arabian)
Chestnut 1697. Imported 1703-4 from Constantinople for John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, Welbeck Abbey, via the auspices of William (6th) Lord Pagett, ambassador to Constantinople. This horse began covering mares at Welbeck in 1704, and continued in service until 1711, when the Duke died, with the last recorded crop of his youngsters in 1712. It is not known what happened to this horse when the stud was presumably dispersed following the Duchess's death in 1717; he may have remained at Welbeck and continued in the stud of Edward Lord Harley (Later Earl of Oxford), who married the Duke's daughter in 1713 and succeeded to the management of Welbeck, or he may have been sold, possibly to Mr. Pigot and continuing in the name of the Pigot Turk. In pedigrees, he is seen in Family 7, a D'Arcy bred mare from the Blacklegs family having been presented to the Duke by D'Arcy's son-in-law, William Jessop. Between 1705 and 1712 he got 22 foals for the Duke; some of these youngsters and/or their progeny are no doubt listed in the GSB, but they are not readily identifiable. He probably was the sire of the dam of Miss Belvoir (Family 6), from Betty Percival; the GSB is contradictory on this, indicating the mare was by the "Paget (or Pigot) Turk," although in another listing it unequivocally states she was by the Pagett Turk.
Pantaloon
SIRE: Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Curiosity by Snap - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - sister to True Blue by Honeywood's Arabian - Dam of the Two True Blues (Family 3).
Bay 1767. Bred by the second Viscount Bolingbroke. A half-brother to Justice, Thetis and Misfortune. Sold prior to 1773 to Charles James Fox. Ran in the 1770s to at least age 6, winning seventeen of his twenty-seven races, although few appear to have been at Newmarket. Stood at Richard Vernon's stud. Sired the racehorse Buffer (1788); brothers Harry Rowe (1793) and John Doe (1794); Tipoo (1781), Grey Pantaloon (1786); Merry Andrew (1783); and twelve other winners. Also got the mare Ruby, who produced several good racehorses, and sired the race filly Fame, from Diomed's dam. Not to be confused with the later, more famous and successful Pantaloon by Castrel.
Panton Arabians
Owned by "polite Tommy Panton," of Newmarket, later a Jockey Club steward (1791), and son of Thomas Panton, the Keeper of the King's Running Horses for George II. Thomas Panton, the younger, had an illegitimate half- sister who became the third Duke of Ancaster's, second wife, which created somewhat of a scandal at the time, but almost certainly aided in the younger Panton's success as a breeder and trainer at Newmarket. He also managed the Duke of Devonshire's stud, and it is possible, perhaps even probable, that the two arabians who carry his name in the GSB --The Panton (Grey) Arabian and the Panton (Chestnut) Arabian -- were the same horses who show up in the GSB as the Devonshire Chestnut Arabian and Devonshire Grey Arabian starting in 1756. Generally, the horses are referred to solely as The Panton Arabian in the GSB, the color only noted periodically. The Panton Grey Arabian sired the mare Virago (1760 out of (Ancaster) Crazy), dam of the racehorses Tarare, Hollandaise (a filly, St. Leger winner 1778) and Gunilda. He also got a 1755 grey filly for Lord Godolphin out of a daughter (Daphne) of the Widdrington Mare who had a 1762 filly (by Hector), and an unnamed mare who got two foals by Brilliant and two by Sultan. The Panton Chestnut Arabian sired the racehorse Shamster (1768), and probably some of the unnamed foals listed in the GSB as by the Panton Arabian.
Paragon
SIRE: Paymaster - Blank - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Calash by Herod - Teresa by Matchem - Brown Regulus by Regulus - Miss Starling, Jr. by (Bolton) Grey Starling - Ringbone by (Old) Partner - Lusty Thornton - Croft's Bay Barb - Chestnut Thornton by Makeless - Old Thornton by Brimmer - mare by Dicky Pierson - Burton Barb mare (Family 2).
Bay 1783. Bred by Lord Archibald Hamilton, later (9th) Duke of Hamilton. He apparently ran primarily in northern England, and possibly Scotland. He won St. Leger of 1786. Trained by northern trainer "Crying" Mangle near Middleham, Yorkshire, who also took Lord Hamilton's Spadille and Young Flora to victories in the St. Leger.
Partner (Old)
SIRE: Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Curwen Bay Barb (Sister to Mixbury) - mare by Old Spot - mare by White-Legged Lowther Barb - Vintner Mare (Family 9).
Chestnut 1718. Bred by Charles Pelham of Lincolnshire, and sold to Mr. Cotton of Sussex, who resold him to Lord Halifax, under whose colors he ran. Partner was, it was claimed, "a horse of great power, fine shape and beauty, and was allowed to be as fine a stallion as any ever bred in this kingdom." He was unbeaten in 1723 and '24 in four mile match races. He did not run in 1725, but returned to the turf in 1726 to beat Sloven in a four-mile match race; In 1728 he ran again at Newmarket against Smiling Ball. He lost that race, his first loss, and was purchased by John Croft of Barforth, Yorkshire, for his stud. His book was limited to Croft's mares and those of Croft's friends, but had a major impact on the breed by siring Tartar, who continued the main branch of the Byerley Turk line. Other offspring included the top racehorses and sires Sedbury, Golden Ball, Cato, and Old Traveller and many important daughters. Died at age 29.
Partner (Grisewood's)
SIRE: (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: mare by Hutton's Grey Barb - mare by Wilkinson's Whynot - mare by Wilkinson's Turk - Old Woodcock by D'Arcy's Woodcock (Family 62) .
Grey 1730. "...a horse of of high form and goodness," hampered by lameness throughout his career. Nonetheless, first running for his breeder, David Colyear, (1st) Earl of Portmore, and then for wealthy London innkeeper and horse dealer George Grisewood, he won frequently between 1738 and 1744, winning eleven "fifties" (50 plates), and many of lesser value at Salisbury, Winchester, Reading, Windsor, and Canterbury, and a number of races at Epsom, including a fifty in 1742, when he beat Squirt, the latter later sire of the famous stallion Marske, the sire of Eclipse. This Partner got Miss Elliot (1756), the dam of the grand Gimcrack.
Partner (Moore's)
SIRE: (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Sister to Starling by Bay Bolton - mare by son of Brownlow Turk - (Old) Lady by Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Helmsley Turk (Family 24).
Bay 1730. Bred by the third Duke of Bolton in Yorkshire, later owned by Sir John Moore. Ran in the late 1730s--in 1738, owned by Mr. Grisewood, he was beaten by Looby at Hereford. Sired a mare who produced the race colt Petit Gris (1769) and Snappina (1759, dam of Chrysis).
(Bolton) Patriot
SIRE: Bay Bolton - Grey Hautboy - (Old) Hautboy - WHITE D'ARCY TURK.
DAM: Mare by Jigg - (Old) Lady by Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Helmsley Turk (Family 24).
Grey 1729. Bred by the third Duke of Bolton of Yorkshire. Sired the dam of racehorse and sire Syphon (1750, grandsire of St. Leger winner Wildair); the dam of Bay Cade, dam of Tyrant (1760, by Spectator), Rattletrap (1771) and Nymph (1777); and the dam of (Wentworth's) Patriot (by Regulus).
Paymaster
SIRE: Blank - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Snapdragon by Snap - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - sister to True Blue by Honeywood's Arabian - Dam of the Two True Blues (Family 3).
Bay 1766. Bred by Jennison Shafto of West Wratting. Raced by the second Viscount Bolingbroke, confederate of Charles James Fox, and one-time owner of Highflyer. Paymaster sired the racehorses Bellona, Mars and Selavelin and 1786 St. Leger winner Paragon; the mare Empress, dam of Green Gage and Emperor; the dam of the good racehorses Pedlar and Sadler; the dam of True Briton, and the dam of Supervisor, among others. Some of his offspring were sent to the U.S. He died in 1791.
Pegasus
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Mare by Bosphorus - mare by (Williams) Forester - mare by Coalition Colt - mare by Bustard - Charming Molly by Second - mare by Stanyan Arabian - Gipsy by King William's No-tongued Barb - Milbanke's black mare by Makeless - D'Arcy Royal mare by Blunderbuss - Grey Royal by D'Arcy White Turk - mare by D'Arcy Yellow Turk - Sedbury Royal Mare (Family 13).
Chestnut 1784. Bred by George, Prince of Wales. Won twelve races in the late 1780s and early '90s, including the Macaroni Stakes at Newmarket, and a sweep of 200 guineas at Newmarket. Sired the racehorse Pompey (1797); Peggy Rose (1798); Peace-Maker (1797); racehorse Hippomenes (1802), and others.
Pelham Arabian
See Spanker.
Pelham Barb
See Curwen Bay Barb
Lord Percy's Arabian (Ali Bey)
The GSB says this horse was "...given to Count Orlow in 1771, and by him to Lord Pembroke, afterwards Lord Percy's." Count Orlow was Russian ambassador to the Court of St. James's in the early 1770s. Where he got the horse is, at present, not known. Lord Percy, at this time, would have been the son of the First Duke of Northumberland; his father had a large racing stable and used imported arabians in his breeding program. Ali Bey sired a mare in 1781 (dam by Herod) who produced several racehorses, including Bennington (1791, by Rockingham) and Brown Bess (1793, by Rockingham). In 1782 he sired a mare who produced four foals to various thoroughbred sires in the 1790s.
(Old) Pert
SIRE: Champion - LITTLETON'S OSBERTON ARABIAN.
DAM: (Old) Musick by Brimmer.
Probably a chestnut. Born 1700-1705, if not earlier, bred in the Ancaster stud in Lincolnshire, probably by the Earl of Lindsey (later 1st Duke of Ancaster). Stood at the Ancaster stud. Sired (Ancaster) Ball (1712), a winner at York in 1717 and later a sire of several Ancaster stud fillies and colts; Young Pert (1719), a racehorse and sire; the colts Junquil (1719) and Ginger (1719). He is seen very early in two great Ancaster mare families--14 and 28--his daughters included Dainty (Family 28); (Young) Peg Mare (Family 14); (Young) Lady Mare (Family 14, dam of Look-at-Me-Lads (1731, a racemare and producer (grand dam of Lottery (1752), also ancestress of Miss Romp, incorrectly ascribed to Family 28); Favourite Mare (Family 14, dam of Julia (1721 by Governor, and the One-Eyed Merlin mare).
(Young) Pert (also Buckhunter)
SIRE: (Old) Pert - Champion - LITTLETON'S OSBERTON ARABIAN
DAM: Rusty mare by (Ancaster) Merlin - Pudding Mare by St. Martin - Somerset Mare by Wharton's Commoner - Coppin Mare by Selaby Turk (Family 28).
Chestnut 1719. Bred by the first Duke of Ancaster in Lincolnshire. Won plates at Lincoln and Nottingham in 1727.
Phantom
SIRE: Hobgoblin - Aleppo - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Surley - mare by Coneyskins - the Fen Mare by Hutton's Royal Colt - mare by Blunderbuss - Old Thornton mare by Place's White Turk - a Barb mare.
Grey 1737. Bred by a Mr. Wanley. He sired a filly, Black Phantom (1747) from the Ruby mare.
Phoenomenon
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Frenzy by Eclipse - mare by Engineer - mare by Blank - (Old) Lass of the Mill by Traveller - Miss Makeless by son of Greyhound - mare by Partner - Brown Woodcock by Woodcock - Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb - Chestnut Thornton by Makeless - Old Thornton by Brimmer - mare by Dicky Pierson - Burton Barb mare (Family 2).
Chestnut 1780. Bred by Sir John Lister Kaye of Yorkshire. Ran in top company, he failed to place in the Derby, but won the St. Leger and later the Doncaster Cup, in addition to 11 other races. Popular sire who got a number of good racehorses and broodmares, including: Freeholder (1788); Roman (1788) and sister Marvel (1792); Rosalind (1788); Stella (1795); Bellisima (1795, Oaks winner); Spunk (1788) and brother Gay Deceiver (1790); Hero (179-) and sister Heroine (1789); Huby (1788) and sister Roseberry (1792); Boreas (1787); Lizard (1787); Countess (1799) and brother Idas, (1787); the siblings Ambidexter (1787, St. Leger winner), Tygress (1793) and Hydaspes (1791); Jemima (1798); around 30 listed in the GSB in all. He was exported to the U.S. in 1798, but died soon after arrival; several of his sons were also exported to the U.S.
Pigot Turk (Mostyn Bay Barb)
Owned at one time by Sir Roger Mostyn of Wales. Got an unnamed mare who had several foals in the 1720s; a 1724 filly called (Egerton) Nanny who got a filly by Crab, dam of Young Country Wench (1751), who produced a number of racehorses in the 1760s, including Golden Grove and Domitian. See also Pagett Turk (above).
Pilgrim
SIRE: Sampson - Blaze - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Sister to Laurel by (Old) Cade - mare by (Bolton) Grey Starling - mare by (Old) Traveller - Young Nanny by Hartley's Blind Horse - Northern Nanny by D'Arcy's Highland Laddie - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 41).
Black 1762. Bred by Henry Meadly of Yorkshire. Sold to Marquis of Rockingham in 1766. Ran from 1767 through 1775, but did not run in 1771 or 1772. Highlights of his long career include: 1767 -- a match at Newmarket for 300 guineas over Sulpher, a 1,000 guineas match a Newmarket over Hippomenes, a sweep at the Newmarket October meeting; 1768 -- Great Subscription Stakes at York, in which he beat top horses Tortoise and Gimcrack; 1773 and '74--won several high stakes matches. Ran once in 1775 and was retired to Rockingham's stud, dying at White Lane Paddocks near Sheffield in 1788.
Pilot
SIRE: Dainty Davie - (Old) Traveller - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Dizzy by Blank - Ancaster Dizzy by Ancaster Driver - mare by Smiling Tom -mare by Oysterfoot Arabian - mare by (Old) Merlin - mare by Commoner - Coppin mare by Selaby Turk (Family 28).
Grey 1770. Won the subscription purse at York in both 1775 and 1776, and the annual City Plate at Chester in 1777. Sired David (1794).
Pipator
SIRE: Imperator - Conductor - Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Brunette by Squirrel - Dove by Matchless - mare by (Ancaster) Starling - Young Look-at-Me-Lads by (Ancaster) Grasshopper - Dolly (later Look-at-Me-Lads) by Newton Arabian - (Young) Lady Mare by (Old) Pert - (Old) Lady Mare by St. Martin - Oldfield Mare by Hale's Turk (Family 14). Note, this pedigree corrected per Ancaster stud book as printed in Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse.
Bay 1786. From an early side branch of the Godolphin Arabian sire line. Ran in 1789 through the '90s: at 3 placed third in the Prince's Stakes at Newmarket; at age 4 placed third in the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket, to Skyscraper and Skylark, and second in the Fortescue Stakes at Newmarket. Although always running in top competition, seldom a winner. Sired the good racehorse Takahama (1797); Tom Wheatley (1801); the racemare and producer Hyale (1797). Also sired the good racehorses and sires Remembrancer (1800) and Carbineer (1798)
Place's White Turk
It is generally accepted that this horse was imported into England from Aleppo in 1657 at the behest of Oliver Cromwell, as Lord Protector. Probably located first at Hampton Court, under the charge of the Protector's stud master, Rowland Place. It is believed he was taken by Place after Cromwell's death in 1658, and sent to Place's manor at Dinsdale in County Durham, situated near the D'Arcy stud with its collection of mares derived from largely imported breeding at Sedbury in Yorkshire. Place's Turk, crossed with D'Arcy, or Sedbury stud-derived mares, and his daughters, crossed with D'Arcy-bred or derived sires form a significant part early thoroughbred progenitors. His daughters are seen early in Families 1, 4, 54 and as the founding mares of Families 28 and 58. Also sired a horse named Wormwood, and possibly the sire (Croft's/Old) Commoner (the D'Arcy White Turk also seen in some pedigrees as sire of Old Commoner). More information on this horse.
Play or Pay (Mars)
SIRE: Ulysses - Florizel - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Herod - mare by Regulus - mare by Rib - mare by Snake - mare by Coneyskins - mare by Hutton Grey Barb - mare by Selaby Turk - mare by Place's White Turk (Family 58).
Brown 1791. Bred by George Parker. Sturdy horse ran for seven years, 1794 - 1800, primarily in the south. Sold after his first race, which he won, to J.H. Durand, and continued to win that year at Stockbridge and Winchester. Other wins included a 2 mile match at Epsom, the Guildford Town Plate and Egham Town Plate in 1795; the Craven Stakes at Newmarket in 1796; wins at Lewes, Epsom, Abingdon, Epsom and elsewhere. At the end of 1799 he was sold to a Mr. Dashwood. At the end of the 1800 season he was sold to John Hoomes of Virginia and sent to the U.S.
Plunder
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Nancy by Blank - mare by Crab - Spinster by (Croft's) Partner - Bay Bloody Buttocks by Bloody Buttocks - mare by Greyhound - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1771. Ran at Newmarket in the mid 1770s, placed third in a race at the Newmarket Spring meeting in 1776. Sired four good racehorses for Mr. Burlton from Miss Euston--Stella (1781, winner of 1784 Oaks), Flavia (1783), Oak (1784) and Maid of the Mill (1786, dam of Miller).
Postmaster
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Snap - mare by Gower stallion - mare by Grey Childers - Fair Helen by (Williams') Squirrel - mare by Oysterfoot Arabian (Family 10).
Bay 1771. Bred and raced by Mr. Greville. Ran 1774-76, primarily at Newmarket: was beaten twice by Shark in large stakes matches. Sired the filly Nelly (1784) and the colt Express (1785), and some unnamed younsters.
Pot-8-Os
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Pot-8-Os Branch
DAM: Sportsmistress by Sportsman - Golden Locks by Oroonoko - mare by (Old) Craab - mare by (Old) Partner - Thwaite's Dun mare by Acaster Turk (Family 38).
Chestnut 1773.
Precipitate
SIRE: Mercury - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Pot-8-Os Branch
DAM: Mare by Herod - Maiden by Matchem - Pratt's old mare by Squirt - mare by Mogul - Camilla by Bay Bolton - (Old) Lady by Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Helmsley Turk (Family 24).
Chestnut 1787. Bred and raced by the third Earl Egremont. In 1790 won the Bolton Stakes at Newmarket First Spring; in 1791 placed second to Dragon in the Claret Stakes at Newmarket First Spring; in 1792 won the King's Plate at Lewes, beating Skyscraper. Retired to Egremont's stud, he got, among others, the 1794 filly Jonquille; the 1795 chestnut filly Matrannee (dam of Coniac); racehorse and sire Petworth (1794); Baby (1801) and brother Tag (1797); the racehorse Hackney (1798) and Ceylon, from the Woodpecker mare Ceres; Raginer (1796) and Phantasmagoria (1799) from a Herod mare. A number of these were decent racehorses who ran in top company, some of them in-bred to Herod. Purchased to Virginia by William Lightfoot in 1803.
Pretender
SIRE: Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Bajazet - Miss Western by Sedbury - Mother Western by Easby Snake - Old Montagu mare - mare by Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal mare (Family 12).
Chestnut 1771. Bred and raced by the fourth Earl Abington. Ran in the mid 1770s, won a 500 guineas match against Shark in 1775, and beat him again in 1777 in a 1,000 guineas match, both at Newmarket. Bred primarily to Lord Abingdon's mares, he got Laura (1789); Pretender (1786); brothers No Pretender (1787) and Pandolpho (1789); Longitude (1782); Democracy (1782).
Prince T'Quassaw
SIRE: Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks - Bay Brocklesby by (Croft's) Partner - Brocklesby by (Old) Greyhound - Brocklesby Betty by Curwen Bay Barb - (Leedes) Piping Peg by Lister Turk - Piping Peg's Dam (Family 23). Pedigree corrected per Cuthbert Routh's stud book in Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse.
Bay 1751. Probably bred by William Fenwick. Ran in the 1750s; in 1757 beaten by Careless in a King's Plate at Newmarket. Owned and raced by the second Duke of Kingston, who eventually purchased Careless for his stud. Sired Tickler (1768), Hottentot (1773), and the dam of the racehorse Hopwell (by Drone), as well as a number of unnamed colts and fillies who may have been used as hunters.
Prophet
SIRE: Regulus - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Jenny Spinner by (Croft's) Partner - mare by Greyhound - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian - mare by Whiteshirt - mare by Old Montagu - mare by Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal mare (Family 12).
Chestnut 1760. Ran in the 1760s, won a 1400 guineas stakes at Newmarket in 1764, was beaten there by Gimcrack in 1765. Fairly popular as a sire, he got, among around 15 listed in the GSB, the 1768 roan filly Prophetess (dam of the roan Vestal in 1774), and her brother the 1770 roan colt Soothsayer. Also sired Pythia (1769); the race colt Trifle (1773); Miss Buller (1771) and brother Goldsmith (1772); the good racehorse Termagant (1771); Stanby (1775); the dam (1777) of Arethusa and St. George.
Protector
SIRE: Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Cypron by Blaze - Selima by Bethell's Arabian - mare by Champion - mare by Darley Arabian - mare by (Old) Merlin (Family 26).
Brown 1770. Bred by the second Viscount Bolingbroke. Sold to Sir Charles Bunbury, thence to Richard, Earl Grosvenor. A top racehorse, he ran for 2 years at ages 4 and 5. In 1774 won a sweep and the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket Spring meeting and several high stakes matches at Newmarket; at age 5 won the Subscription Purse at Newmarket First Spring meeting, the Subscription purse at the Second Spring meeting, and a 500 guineas match against Priestess. Retired to Grosvenor's stud at the end of 1775, where he got the broodmares Astarte and Blossom (1782, dam of sisters Bella Donna and Rhododendron by Diomed).
Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian
Chestnut c.1690. Sometimes confused with Rockwood, a horse who appears to date at least a decade earlier. Owned by Thomas Pulleine (the elder), master of the stud to William III, and High Sheriff of Yorkshire in both 1696 and 1703. He may have been imported. He was covering mares in 1701. Sired (Old/Bolton) Lady (Family 24); several mares offered to the Duke of Newcastle whose fates are unknown, foaled around 1701; a filly out of the Vintner mare (Family 9), whose line appears to have petered out fairly early; the dam of the "famous Galloway," Lightfoot, and the racehorse Wasp and his sister (by Terror), the latter dam of a racing colt, Nutmeg. Also sired (Ancaster) Merlin, who sired a number of mares in Family 14. He also produced a son, called the Son of Pulleine's Arabian in the GSB, who produced a filly out of a Bay Bolton mare, who was dam of a filly by Bloody Buttocks and a racing colt, Belmont (1759).
Pumpkin
SIRE: Matchem - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Pratt's Old Mare by Squirt - mare by Mogul - Camilla by Bay Bolton - Old Lady by Pulleine's Chestnut Arabian - mare by Rockwood - mare by Bustler (Family 24).
Chestnut 1769. Bred by John Pratt, later sold to Thomas Foley (later Baron Foley). Pumpkin, one of the best sons of Matchem on the racecourse, ran between 1772 and 1776, usually in matches for fairly high stakes; in 1772 he beat Firetail in a 1,000 guineas match at Newmarket, and later in the year won a 500 guineas match, beating Conductor. Towards the end of his career he also beat Chalkstone, Mareschal, Priestess, Johnny and Mambrino, among others. Prior to his last racing year he was sold to Mr. Codrington, but retired to stud under Lord Foley's ownership. Sired Young Pumpkin (1778), Archer (1782), Tumbler (1780), Nimrod (1782), Grey Pumpkin (1783) and Seedling (a filly, 1784), among others.
Pyrrhus
SIRE: Sprightly - (Old) Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Snip - mare by Regulus - Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks - Bay Brocklesby by (Old) Partner - Brocklesby by Greyhound - Brocklesby Betty by Curwen Bay Barb - Hobby mare or Piping Peg by Lister Turk (Family 23).
Brown 1767. Probably bred by Richard Vernon. Owned and raced by racing confederates Thomas (later Lord) Foley and Charles James Fox (this partnership was also one-time owner of Trentham). The best horse of his year, he won the significant sum of 10,400 guineas in stakes and matches during his career. In a hard race at Newmarket in 1774 he beat the year-older Mambrino by a neck by forcing him to the outside. Sired Sisyphus (1780) and Edgar (1776) and some unnamed foals for Fox.

Contents ©Copyright 2000 - 2005 Patricia Erigero

Early Foundation Sires Quick Links
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Import Chronology Alphabetized Index Sire Descent Lines
Foundation Sires Overview


Home   Historic Sires   Historic Dams   Portraits   Turf Hallmarks   Breeders   Genetics   Resources   Contributors   Search   Store   E - mail

©1997 - 2005 Thoroughbred Heritage. All rights reserved.