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  Foundation Sires of the Thoroughbred: J
graphic

Alphabetized List of Important 17th and 18th Century Stallions

Jason
Jason
John Bull
John Bull
Johnny
Johnny
Jupiter
Jupiter by Eclipse
Jupiter the son
Jupiter by Jupiter
(Old) Janus
SIRE: GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line.
DAM: Amoret (Little Hartley Mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Williams' Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by Why Not - Royal mare (Family 15).
Bay 1738. Bred by Francis, (2nd) Earl of Godolphin, given by him to Sir William Middleton in 1748. Sired a handful of foals listed in the GSB (1749-1758), his unnamed daughter from Spinster (1743) by Crab being important in Family 4 (Second dam of Telemachus (1770, by Herod) and Expectation (1779, by Herod)), and son Coomb (1749) a racehorse. His most influential offspring does not appear in the GSB, a colt who ran under the name of Stiff Dick and/or Little Janus and was exported to the U.S., there racing and standing under the name Janus (see below).
(Little) Janus (also Stiff Dick)
SIRE: Janus - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line.
DAM: Mare by Fox - mare by Bald Galloway.
Chestnut 1746. Owned by Anthony Swymmer, an early Jockey Club member and M.P. for Southampton. Ran between 1750 and 1752; won twice at 4 miles, retired due to lameness. Sold to breeder and turf enthusiast George Grisewood, who re-sold him to Mordecai Booth, who owned a Virginia plantation near Gloucester. Imported by Booth into the U.S. in 1756, briefly ran there. In his long life passed through a succession of owners, mostly in North Carolina. He stood 14 hands 3/4 inches and was heavily muscled in appearance, small and blocky, quite unlike other four-mile heat runners of his day. Because of the speed he endowed on his progeny, Janus became a premier sire of quarter mile running horses, and thus had an important influence in the development of the American Quarter Horse. His most significant offspring include Meade's Celer, Peacock, Babram, Twigg, Buie, and numerous daughters key in American families. He died in North Carolina at the age of 34.
Jason (Bredwardian Castle)
SIRE: Standard - Young Belgrade - BELGRADE TURK.
DAM: Mare by Beaufort's White Arabian - mare by Brooke's Arabian - mare by Darley Arabian - mare by Brimmer.
Grey 1749. Bred by Nathaniel Curzon, sold to Sir James Lowther in 1756. Ran between 1753-1760. At age 4 won twice, at Cirencester and Litchfield. At age 5, renamed Jason, he won three races at Epsom, Dunstable and Newmarket; in 1735-36 he continued unbeaten at Guildford, Canterbury, Lewes, Stamford, Huntingdon, and other country meets, and at Newmarket, where he won the King's Plate in October 1755. Sold to Lowther, at age 8 he won the Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket, beating the good horses Brilliant and Spectator, among others, and a six mile, 500 guineas match, also at Newmarket. Ran in the 1758 Jockey Club Plate at Newmarket, age 9, finally beaten in a heavily contested race against Mizra (first) and Matchem (second). Used as a trial horse in 1759, he returned to the turf in 1760 for one last race, a match of 500 guineas, against Jessamy, which he won. Private stallion in Sir James Lowther's Stud at Lowther Castle, Westmoreland, getting a series of "good racehorses" for Lowther and Sir Harry Harpur, around 20 in all between 1762 and 1777, including the 1770 grey colt Pleader and the 1771 grey colt Sloven, both from the mare Miss Harvey ("The Flying Mare").
Javelin
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Miss Rose by Spectator - mare by Blank - Lord Leigh's Diana by Second - Mr. Hanger's Brown mare by Stanyan's Arabian - Gipsy by King William's No-tongued Barb - Sir Ralph Milbanke's famous mare by Makeless (Family 13).
Bay 1772. Bred by Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, and retained in his stud through the mid-1780s, appears to have been sold to Mr. Bullock afterwards. Sired around 30 foals between 1780 and 1799, about half of them for the Duke of Cumberland, or for his nephew, George, Prince of Wales. Some of his offspring include the racehorses Chance (1780), Ossian (1796), and Nutshell (1785), and Louisa (1794, dam of St. Leger winner Petronius (1805)) and Brown Javelin (1793, dam of Cowslip and important in Family 24).
Jew Trump
SIRE: CURWEN CHESTNUT ARABIAN.
DAM: Mare by Curwen Bay Barb.
1709. Bred and owned by Henry Curwen of Cumberland. Sired the Somerset Diamond (ch.c. 1726 out of a mare by The Turk), also bred by Curwen, a noteworthy racehorse, probably the same as the North Country Diamond.
(Old or Pelham's) Jigg
SIRE: BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Spanker, her pedigree beyond that unstated.
C. 1700. Possibly bred by Charles Pelham. Owned by Sir Roger Moystn of Lincolnshire, he was, according to the GSB, a "common country stallion" until [Old] Partner's racing excellence was shown on the turf at age 6. Important early sire, he got the dam of Coneyskins (1712) and Brisk (1711), both significant sires; (Old) Partner (1718, famous racehorse and influential sire); the dam of Bolton Patriot (1729); the dam of (Henage's) Jigg (c.1720) and (Henage's) Whitenose (1722); Robinson Crusoe (a good racehorse and sire of the 1740s racehorses Cripple and Bucephalus); the racehorse Bumper; Miss Jigg (1717, dam of Mab, Family 9), and an unnamed son who got the racemare and producer Whimsey.
(Heneage's) Jigg
SIRE: (Halifax) Goliah - (Old) Greyhound - CHILLABY.
DAM: Mare by Jigg - mare by son of the Lister Turk - mare by brother to Snake (Family 69).
Brown c. 1720. Got a daughter (out of his own dam, according to the GSB), who was dam of (Hunt's) Jigg, 1741; Jigg-of-Jiggs and Heel-and-Toe (1745, and 1751 respectively; GSB reports sired by their own brother (Hunt's) Jigg); a colt named Spanker (1747) and a colt named Fox (1749), the latter two by their great-grandsire, Goliah. At least two of these highly in-bred offspring made it to the racecourse: Jigg of Jiggs ran in 1750 at Malton (beaten by Sampson); (Hunt's) Spanker won a King's Plate at Lichfield in 1752.
Joe Andrews
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Amaranda by Omnium - Cloudy by Blank - Fancy by Crab - Spinster by (Old) Partner - BayBloody Buttocks by Bloody Buttocks - mare by Greyhound - Brown Farewell by Makeless - mare by Brimmer - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton Violet Barb mare (Family 4).
Bay 1778. Bred by Mr. Searle, originally named Dennis O! Sent forward a successful branch of the Eclipse sire line through son, Dick Andrews (1797), and through him grandsire of racehorse and sire of classic winners, Tramp, and of the classic-winning mares Altisidora (St. Leger 1813) and Manuella (Oaks, 1812). At the end of the 19th century, he was still among the top three sons of Eclipse (along with Pot-8-Os and King Fergus) whose sire line descendants were top stallions.
John Bull
SIRE: Fortitude - Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Xantippe by Eclipse - Grecian Princess by (William's) Forester - mare by Coalition Colt - mare by Bustard - Charming Molly by Second - mare by Stanyan Arabian - Gipsy by King William's No-tongued Barb -Milkbanke's black mare by Makeless - mare by White Turk - Grey Royal mare (Family 13).
Chestnut 1789. Bred by and raced by Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor. Won the 1792 Derby Stakes at Epsom. Sired over 35 foals listed in the GSB, about a third of them bred in the Grosvenor stud. Offspring included the good runner and sire Ardrossan (1809); the racehorses Muley-Moloch (1803), Gauntlet (1803), Alfred (1796), Fortitude (1797), and Georgiana (1897); the producers Violante (third dam of Flatcatcher, Legerdemain, Sleight of Hand, Phryne), and Lady Cow (second dam of Derby winner Azor). He died at the age of 23, in 1812.
Johnny
SIRE: King Fergus -Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Mare by Justice - Marianne by Squirrel - Miss Meredith by Cade - Amorett (Little Hartley Mare) by Bartlett's Childers - Flying Whigg by Williams' Woodstock Arabian - Points by St. Victor Barb - Grey Whynot by Why Not - Royal Mare (Family 15).
Bay 1794. Bred by J.H. Durand. Ran at Newmarket and country meets between 1797 and 1800, at distances between 2 and 4 miles, often on successive days. At age 3 won 50 running 2 mile heats the same day he lost an earlier race at Alfriston, Sussex, and later in the season won at Egham, the next day running another 50 race over 2 miles in heats. In 1798 he won purses at Ascot, Canterbury, Newmarket October (beating Parisot), and placed second at Newmarket October in a sweep won by Oatlands. In 1799 he won six races, including the Ladies' Plate at Lewes, in which he beat Gohanna, placed in several other races. At age 6, ran once at Epsom and lost, and was retired. He died in 1811.
Jolly Roger
SIRE: Mogul - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Partner (Family unknown). Not identified in GSB, mistaken in that book and the ASB for the son of another Partner mare, Roger of the Vale (1741, by Roundhead), corrected as far as is known in the mid-20th century.
Chestnut 1743. According to Hervey [Racing in America, V. I, 1665-1865], bred by the Duke of Kingston, and run by him between 1748-1751. Imported into the U.S. in the fall of 1751 by John Spotswood and his brother-in-law, Bernard Moore and stood at Newpost, Rosegill and other Viriginia plantations until his death in 1769. A daughter (from Kitty Fisher) produced top runner and sire, Symmes' Wildair (by Fearnought), and two other daughters established American families A26 and A51. There were two other Jolly Rogers, born in the 1760s, one by Regulus, the other by the Gower Stallion, with a combined total in the GSB of six unnamed offspring.
Judgment
SIRE: Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line.
DAM: Young Warlock by (Constable's) Cottingham - Worlock Galloway by (Lister's) Snake - (Old) Lady by Bald Galloway - The Wharton Mare by Carlisle Turk - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 17).
Bay 1751. Bred by Cuthbert Routh of Yorkshire, owned by a Mr. Swinburn. Ran in the mid 1750s at Newmarket against horses such as Careless. Sired only a few foals listed in the GSB, in the mid-1770s, including General Bandbox (1776).
Julius Ceasar
SIRE: Young Cade - Cade - GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Godolphin Arabian Sire Line.
DAM: Mare by Snip - mare by Lonsdale Arabian.
c. 1757. Bred by Mr. Cross. Sired Clio (1768) for Cross, the dam of the racehorses Buzaglo (1780, winner at Newmarket) and Sir Christopher (1786), and about ten other horses listed in the GSB, including Takamahaka (1770), who ran at Newmarket in the mid 1770s.
Juniper
SIRE: Snap - Snip - Flying Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line
DAM: Mare by Blank - Bay Starling by (Bolton) Starling - Meynell by (Old) Partner - mare by Greyhound - mare by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian - mare by Whiteshirt - mare by (Old) Montagu - mare by Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal Mare (Family 12).
Bay 1767. Owned by Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, for whom he won the Cup at Newmarket October in 1771, and the Doncaster Cup in 1774 and 1775. Stood at the stud of Sir Harry Harpur. Despite his racing success, sired only a few horses, mostly for his owner, Harpur. His named offspring, of around 15 total listed in the GSB, include Young Juniper (1777), Young Juniper (1781) and Dromedary (1783). Not to be confused with Juniper (1752) by Babraham, who ran at Newmarket in the 1750s and was exported to the U.S.
(Old) Jupiter
SIRE: Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Mare by Tartar - mare by Mogul - mare by Sweepstakes - mare (sister to Sloven) by Bay Bolton - mare (sister to Mixbury) by Curwen Bay Barb - mare by (Old) Spot - mare by White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner mare (Family 9).
Chestnut 1774. Bred by Dennis O'Kelly. His dam was also dam of Antiochus, Venus Adonis, Lily of the Valley, Mercury, Volunteer, Queen Mab, all by Eclipse, all bred by O'Kelly. Sold to Thomas Douglas who ran him between 1777 and 1779. At age 3, he won two sweepstakes at Newmarket, beating horses such as Comet, Sweet Marjoram and Vengeance. He won one race in 1778, running last in the Newmarket October subscription purse won by Highflyer, and failed to place in 1779. Retired to Douglas' stud, afterwards stood in Yorkshire at the stud of Colonel Thornton. Sired the racehorses Ganymede (1784); Miss Pratt (1789); Thunderbolt (1787), Jupiter (1792, see below) and around 15 others.
Jupiter
SIRE: Jupiter - Eclipse - Marske - Squirt - Bartlett's Childers - DARLEY ARABIAN. Darley Arabian Sire Line: Eclipse Branch
DAM: Miss Blanchard by Highflyer - sister to Tandem by Syphon - mare by Regulus - mare by Snip - Young Worlock by (Constable's) Cottingham - mare by Warlock Galloway - mare by (Lister) Snake - (Old) Lady by Bald Galloway - The Wharton Mare by Carlisle Turk - mare by Byerley Turk (Family 17).
Bay 1792. Bred by Colonel Thornton at his stud in Yorkshire, and sold to Sir John Ramsden. Raced at Newmarket and country meets between 1797 and 1798, mostly at 4 mile distances. In 1797 won 185 at Derby, the Told Cup (3 miles) at Chesterfield, beating Moorcock. In 1798 he won a sweep at Newmarket Second Spring, beating Bennington and others, a King's Plate at Lewes, a Ladies' Plate at Newmarket Spring (beating Oaks winner Bellisima); a King's Plate at Newmarket October. Retired to stud at the end of the season.
Justice
SIRE: Herod - Tartar - (Old) Partner - Jigg - BYERLEY TURK. Byerley Turk Sire Line
DAM: Curiosity by Snap - mare by Regulus - mare by Bartlett's Childers - mare by Honywood's Arabian - dam of the two True Blues (Family 3).
Bred by Richard, (1st) Earl Grosvenor. Brown 1774. Ran at Newmarket, where he won two races, broke down, and was retired to the Grosvenor stud, where he was fairly well patronized. He sired three classic winners in Daedalus (1791, Derby winner), Rhadamanthus (1787, Derby winner, and sister Florella (1788)), Trifle (1782, Oaks, also her sister Olivia (1786)), as well as Mentor (racehorse and sire of Wowski, Tawny, Woodcot); sisters Trifle (1782) and Olivia (1786); Nosegay (1780), the dam of the racehorse Ninety-three; an unnamed mare (1788) seen in Family 27; and the unnamed dam of the racehorse and sire Asparagus (1787, by Pot-8-Os), in all around 30 offspring listed in the GSB.

Contents ©Copyright 2000 - 2005 Patricia Erigero

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