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Bay colt, 1861 - 1886
By The Nabob - Vermeille by The Baron

Byerley Turk Sire Line;
Highflyer Sire Line Quick Chart.
Family #3 - m

The Nabob His sire, The Nabob


Vermout became a popular French hero when he beat the excellent English race horse, Blair Athol, in the 1864 Grand Prix de Paris, but his super-horse son, Boïard later supplanted him in French affections through his outstanding successes in the 1870s. Although another son, Perplexe, became a leading sire in France, his line soon died out, and it is through his daughters, and those of his sons, that he is seen in pedigrees today.

Vermout's sire, The Nabob (1849, from Hester by Camel), was bred by Colonel (later Major-General) Jonathan Peel at Hampton Court, where Peel had his breeding establishment. He was a handsome black horse, close to 16 hands tall, who won seven of his 26 races, including the Chesterfield Cup at age 4, and placed second in some good races, including the Cambridgeshire Stakes and the Cesarewitch Stakes. In 1857 he was purchased by Baron Arthur Schickler for 30,000 francs and sent to his stud in France, at that time located in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, and later at Haras de Martinvast near Cherbourg, where he stood for a fee of 1,000 francs.

In France The Nabob got three good racing sons, Bois-Roussel (1861, Prix du Jockey Club), Suzerain (1865, Prix du Jockey Club, prix de l'Empereur and others), and Vermout (sometimes spelled Vermouth). The Nabob also sired Rupee (1857), a brown filly from Bravery by Gameboy, winner of the Ascot New Stakes, the Biennial at Ascot and the Ascot Gold Cup.

Vermout's dam was Vermeille (1853, first called Merveille), out of the Priam daughter, Fair Helen (1837), whose other good offspring was Chester Cup winner Malton (1845, by Sheet Anchor); Fair Helen was imported into France in 1845. Vermeille's sire, the ill-tempered The Baron, was a good juvenile winner in Ireland and later triumphant in the Doncaster St. Leger and Cesarewitch Stakes. As a stallion in England he got "the emperor of stallions," Stockwell and his brother Rataplan. He was imported into France to begin stud duty at the Paris depot in the 1848-49 season, purchased by Perrot Thannberg, representing the Administration des Haras (French government stud). In France he was a successful stallion, particularly of fillies and broodmares.

Vermeille was born in the stud of J. Verry, and raced for Count F. Montguyon, winning three small provincial races. She was sold as a saddle mare to Count Murat, but she was soon purchased by Henri Delamarre, who had first started racing in 1853 with steeplechasers, when he owned Flying Buck, the principal rival of the famous jumper Franc Picard.

Delamarre soon segueyed into flat racing, and established a small stud farm at Gouvieux. In 1860 he formed a consortium that included Charles Laffitte, Edouard Fould, Albéric de Saint-Roman, and E. Archedeacon and entered into an agreement with Count Rœderer,whose family had owned the 200 hectares at Haras de Bois-Roussel since 1815, and who had done some horse breeding there between 1850 and 1860. Stallions and broodmares owned by the consortium were moved to the stud, which was managed by Delamarre, with the best offspring reserved by the partners for racing and the rest disposed of in annual yearling sales. The Bois-Roussel horses ran in Delmarre's colors, and eventually Delamarre assumed complete control of the stud, but not the property. Delamarre was a founding member of the Société d'Encouragement, and was often referred to as the "father of the French Turf." He died in 1913, age 84, having bred and raced four winners of the Prix du Jockey Club and four winners of the Prix de Diane, among numerous other winners.

Haras de Bois-Roussel's routine was to send the mares and foals out to the various large pastures (one of which was named the "Vermout Meadow" after the stallion's successes on the turf) during the day, and bring them into circular thatched-roof structures located in each pasture at night. At the center of each structure was a large room where equipment was stored, with access to each of the stalls that encircled it. The broodmare band numbered around twenty-five, and the size never varied much in all the years of its existence; barren and old mares were not disposed of, but were kept on as pensioners. Vermeille became the star broodmares of the stud, her immediate offspring winning 709,000 francs.

Vermeille's first important foal was the large, growthy bay colt Vermout (1861). Next came Vertugadin (1862, by Fitz Gladiator), a winner of the Grosser Preis von Baden Baden, and later a very successful sire of such good horses as Mondaine, Salteador, Salterelle, Opaline and Saxifrage. In 1863 Vermeille dropped Vérité (1863, by The Flying Dutchman), a winner of the Fûrstenberg-Rennen. In 1868 came Verdure (by West Australian), sold in 1871 to C.J. Lefèvre for the enormous sum of 100,000 francs; for him she bred Prix de Diane and Prix Hocquart winner Versigny (1877, by Flageolet), that bred on. Then came Verone (1870, by Patricien), the dam of Grand Critérium winner Vernet. The next year her sister Verte-Allure was born; she was dam of Verte-Bonne (1880 by Dollar), a winner of the Prix de Diane, and of Verdière (1883, by Idus), a winner of the Prix du Nabob and later the dam of Grand Prix de Deauville winner Van-Diemen (1894). Her last foal was the filly Extra (1877, by Wingrave), that became the dam of Prix du Cadran winner Excuse. A tally of Vermeille's most successful descendants through both sons and daughters to 1911 (50 years) included seven winners of the Grand Prix de Paris (and five that placed second), six winners of the Prix du Jockey Club, and eight winners of the Prix de Diane.

Vermout on the Turf

Vermout was a good, but not great, racehorse, but he became wildly popular when, going off at long odds in the Grand Prix de Paris, he beat not only some of the best of his generation in France -- Count Fredéric de Lagrange's French-bred Fille de l'Air, the outstanding juvenile runner in England and winner already of the Prix de Diane and the Epsom Oaks, Nathan de Rothschild's Baronello (winner of the Poule d'Essai) and Bois-Roussel (winner of the Prix du Jockey Club, the Poule des Produits (now Prix Daru), and the Prix de l'Empereur (Prix Lupin), also owned by Delamarre and by The Nabob) -- but also the English invader Blair Athol, who had already taken the Epsom Derby in which he beat a really high-class field, and would go on to win three more good races, including the Doncaster St. Leger. This fantastic victory, in which the jockeys of Blair Athol and Fille de l'Air, "believing only themselves in the race," (which the odds also showed) exhausted each other in an early battle, and Vermout, cruising behind, came forward to win by half a length, was surely a tribute to the cool riding of his jockey, Kitchener. As soon as Vermout passed the finish line, the crowd went wild, and the emperor, Napoleon III, there to view the event, tossed his hat in the air in an uncharacteristic public display.

Bois Roussel broke down in the running of this race, and was later sold for 50,000 francs to the Austrian government, and was sent to stud at Imperial Stud at Kisbér in Hungary.

Vermout's victory, more than the immediate thrill of the race, was viewed by the French as a definitive sign that French bloodstock breeding had arrived on the world scene, although Fille de l'Air had already made inroads into English superiority that year, and other horses of the 1860s were to cement this notion with many more victories in England (for example, later that year Dollar won the Goodwood Cup). Delamarre, an amateur artist, painted a tribute of the race, showing the horses going to the post.

As a juvenile, Vermout had won only one race, the Prix du Printemps, and he entered the Grand Prix de Paris with that as his sole triumph. After the Grand Prix, Vermout won the Prix de Chantilly at Paris, and then Delmarre and his trainer, Thomas R. Carter, sent him to Baden-Baden, regularly successfully raided during this period by French runners, where he won the the Grosser Preis von Baden-Baden (beating Dollar and Fille de l'Air) and the Furstenberg Rennen, but ran second to Fille de l'Air in the Saint-Leger Continental de Bade, and again second to her in the Prix Royal-Oak back in France in the fall. He was retired from the turf at the end of the season, and entered the stud at Haras Bois-Roussel.

Vermout in the Stud

Vermout got winners of 268 races with earnings of 2,130,263 francs, including four classic winners in France and one in England, almost all of them bred at Haras de Bois-Roussel, or, in a few cases, by racing associates of Delamarre's; a stud fee wasn't even published for him. Despite his consequent limited book, and the disruption of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870-71, if year-end results had been compiled as such in his time, he would have been leading sire in 1873, the year his super-horse son, Boïard, won his great races, and possibly in 1875, when Boïard won England's Ascot Gold Cup and two important races in France, and Perplexe had his two wins.

His first crops of 1866 through 1868 were seriously affected by the Franco-Prussian war. He had some nice youngsters that reached ages two and three in 1870-71, and only a few had a chance to run, either in the provinces beyond besieged and occupied Paris and other parts of northern France (Longchamp had been destroyed and Chantilly occupied), or in England, where Delamarre took many of his horses, few of which raced there. It wasn't until late summer and fall in 1871 that Delamarre was able to return with his animals and begin rebuilding Haras de Bois-Roussel. It is unclear how many--if any-- of the estimated 80,000 horses that died during the war came from Bois-Roussel, but a later summary by the Société d'Encouragement commented on the number of three and four year-old racehorses taken by the French army for artillery use, and also on the number of blood horses removed to Germany, and on the many that died of starvation or that became food for the starving Parisians, reduced to "eating rats and drinking fine wine." Those who could afford to, and most racing men could, took their racehorses and bloodstock to England, Belgium, and the south of France.

Many of Vermout's youngsters resembled him in size, bulk and strength, and most were slow to come to hand -- "at two years one was far from suspecting in him [Vermout] a Grand Prix winner, and he transmits this characteristic to many of his sons" -- but he did get some good juveniles, including two winners of the Grand Critérium, the big race in the fall for two-year-olds, but even these matured into horses that won at classic distances or longer. His fillies were generally as good as his colts on the turf, although there was no female equivalent of the great Boïard. His son, Perplexe, was a leading sire in France, and got some sons that were useful at stud, but the line in direct sire descent soon died out, and it was Vermout's daughters, and those of his sons, that sent his blood forward to the present.

BOIARD (1870) was indisputedly the champion three-year-old in France, although such records were not formally kept then, and, like his sire, a great hero of the French turf, in a year that saw another outstanding French colt, C.J. Lefèvre's Flageolet, and the English Epsom Derby winner Doncaster, who met both, in France and in England. Boïard was bred at Haras Bois-Roussel, out of La Bossue (1861, by De Clare), a foundation broodmare for Delamarre that had been imported from England. Her dam was the oustanding Melbourne stayer Canezou (1845), that had won the One Thousand Guineas, the Doncaster Cup and the Goodwood Cup twice, among other races, and in the stud had produced St. James's Palace Stakes winner Paletot (1952), Two Thousand Guineas winner Fazzoletto (1853), and Cape Flyaway (1857), among other winners.

A big-boned, growthy colt like Vermout, Boïard was, like his sire, trained by Thomas R. Carter. He had a bad reaction to a poisonous insect bite which affected his training his juvenile year, and appeared only once, unplaced in the Prix de Salamandre. Turf observers said he was "badly built and incompetent to run," and dismissed him from further consideration.

Undeterred by critical assessment, Delamarre sent Boïard, now age three, to England to run in the Two Thousand Guineas. Flageolet was also there, as was Doncaster. None of them placed in the race, which was won by the Stockwell son, Gang Forward (later winner of the Jockey Club Cup, St. James's Palace Stakes and Ascot Derby, sent as a sire to Australia where he was useful), with Kaiser second by a short head. But Carter and Delamarre knew what they had, even if Boïard was slow in coming to hand. Back in France he won the Prix de Guiche, the Prix de la Seine, and the Poule des Produits at Longchamp (2000 meters, later Prix Daru).

He beat Flageolet by a short neck in the Prix du Jockey Club, and by the same close margin in Grand Prix de Paris, with Doncaster, who had crossed the channel to beat these two, third. Carter was so thrilled, he threw a big party at the étangs de Commelles -- a 19th century recreational site featuring fish ponds built by monks in the 13th century in the Chantilly forest near the village Coye-la-Forêt -- to celebrate the victories. Boïard, like Vermout, went on to win the Prix de Chantilly, and in the fall, the Prix Royal-Oak.

At age four he won both the big distance races in France, the Prix du Cadran, and the Prix Rainbow, and in England took the Ascot Gold Cup, 3/4 of a length ahead of Flageolet and Doncaster, that dead-heated for second place, in a field that also included Gang Forward, Kaiser, and Marie Stuart, that had won the Oaks and the Doncaster St. Leger. The day after the grueling Ascot Gold Cup he ran second to the much inferior King Lud in the Alexandra Plate, and was returned to France, his season over. At age five he came out to win the Prix Rainbow a second time, after which he was retired.

Soon after his 1875 season was done, Delamarre sold Boïard to Baron Alphonse de Rothschild for the enormous sum of 150,000 francs, and Boïard was sent to the baron's Haras de Ferrières, and soon moved to the new Rothschild stud, Haras de Meautry. For such a great racehorse, he was a big disappointment at stud, despite receiving high class mares, and eventually, in 1884, he was sold to Russia. His best was probably Lavaret (1881, from Laversine by Monarque), winner of the Prix Gladiateur and of four races in England, including a successful challenge for the Whip at Newmarket in 1885. His other winners included Barbe Bleue (1879, out of Voluptas by Stockwell), winner of the Poule d'Essai in 1882 for the baron and later a generally indifferent stallion at Haras de Meautry; Polyeucte (1883, from Polly Perkins, by Parmesan), winner of the Grand Prix de Deauville and second in the Grand Prix de Paris; Serge (1881, from Sérena, by Faust), who took the 2100 meter Prix Greffulhe and the Whip at Newmarket for the baron, and his brother, Sterlitz (1878), winner of the Prix Morny; Forum (1881, out of Roma, by Lambton), who won the Prix du Nabob (Prix Noailles).

His daughters bred some winners, most notably Mlle. de la Valliere (1882, from Laversine, and so sister to Lavaret): she produced the grand runner Le Roi Soleil, later the sire of Sans Souci, who had such an influence on French breeding at the Rothschild's Haras de Meautry. Boïard is seen through some other daughters in today's pedigrees, but his main link to the present is through Mlle. de la Valliere and her son, Le Roi Soleil. Another Boïard daughter Didine (1881, from Bijou by Trumpeter) won the Prix de Belevue and two other races at age three, and won over fences at age four; she was later dam of Saphirine, who produced the Italian classic winners San Gallo and Saturno, and of Dormeuse (1891, by Saxifrage), the dam of Prix du Cadran winner Camisole (1900, by Simonian). Stèle (1883, Stella by Scottish Chief) produced Gong, and a daughter, Stella that bred on, with the U.S. champion juvenile Balladier one of her descendants. In Russia, Boïard got a son, Boyard (1886), winner of the Gosudaryni Imperatricy Moscow over 2400 meters, but other than that appears not to have had much influence.

PERPLEXE (1872), a well-muscled lustrous bay, was Vermout's second best racing son, and his best sire son. He was out of the Sting daughter, Pérípétie (1866), bred at Haras de Lonray, near Alençone, and a winner of the Poule des Produits (Prix Daru) and the Prix de Diane for Auguste Staub. She was sent to stud back at Haras de Lonray, in which Staub had an interest as part of a consortium of owner-breeders. In addition to PERPLEXE, born there in 1872, she produced Prenez Garde (1880, by Flageolet), that became second dam of the outstanding filly Ronde de Nuit (1906), winner of the Prix la Rochette, the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, the Prix Edgard Gillois, the Prix de la Forêt, and other races in 1908-9. PERPLEXE was sold as a yearling to Baron Arthur Schickler, who had imported his grandsire, The Nabob.

PERPLEXE won the Grand Critérium as a juvenile, but at age three, although among the best, he wasn't quite top-class. He was third behind Salvator and Nougat in the Grand Prix de Paris, second behind Saint-Cyr in the Grand Prix de Deauville (Nougat unplaced), and second after Dictature in the Prix de Chantilly. But he did win the Grand Saint-Léger de Caen, and, his big race, the Prix Royal-Oak. He was retired to Schickler's Haras de Martinvast, near Cherbourg, where the stallion Atlantic would soon join him, and where Atlantic's famous son, Le Sancy, was born and later stood as a stallion. PERPLEXE was the leading sire in France in 1893; most of his offspring were bred and raced by Schickler.

A mare at Martinvast when PERPLEXE arrived to stand at stud was the aged Grande Mademoiselle, a half-sister to Vermout (1860), who bred the winners Gulf Stream, Transatlantique, and Kuro Sivo for Schickler. Later Schickler secured the only French-bred mare in his stud of imported mares, the Vermout daughter, LA REYNA (1877), that became the dam of Jusquiame (1908, by Le Sancy), who produced Juveigneur (1916), a winner of the Prix Jean Prat and Prix Kergorlay.

PERPLEXE got five classic winners, including Ragotsky (1890, from Czardas by Kisbér, and so a half-brother to the grand race filly Semendria), whose wins of the Prix Hocquart, the Prix du Jockey Club and the Grand Prix of Paris helped put Schickler at the top of the breeder's list in 1893, and PERPLEXE at the top of the sires list. Ragotsky was not a particularly successful sire, but his sister by Perplexe, Hungaria (1893), bred on, and was tail-female ancestress of the famous Russian runner Anilin (1961), three-time winner of the Preis von Europa, and other races.

PERPLEXE'S daughter Perplexité (1878, from a King Tom mare that was out of the Oaks Stakes winner Mincemeat) was a good staying mare; she won the Grand Critérium as a juvenile, the Newmarket Oaks in England, and the Prix Royal-Oak, and ran second to Serpolette in the Prix de Longchamp and the Prix de Diane. At age four she was second to Bariolet in the Prix du Cadran. At Martinvast she bred three classic winners to the cover of three different stallions: Grand Prix de Paris winner Fitz Roya (also winner of Prix la Rochette, Prix de Malleret, and Prix de Juin), Prix du Jockey Club and Prix Royal-Oak winner Chene Royal (also winner of Prix Lupin and Prix du Cadran), and Prix du Jockey Club winner Palmiste (also took the Prix Lupin, Prix Greffulhe). Unfortunately, she did not get a daughter that bred on. Her brother, Palais Royal (1880) was later a useful sire of some good runners, including Fourire, winner of the Prix Monarque (Prix Eugene Adam) in 1899, and the Prix Boïard in both 1899 and 1900.

PERPLEXE'S son Sycomore (1883, from Mimosa by King Tom) won the Prix Yacowlef and was second in the Prix de la Bernay at age two, and the next season tied with Upas in the 1886 Prix du Jockey Club, also placing second in the Prix Hocquart and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and the Derby du Pin. That same year the Perplexe daughter Sakountala (1883, from Agnes Sorrel by King Tom) won the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, and was third in the Prix de Diane for Schickler, after winning the Prix Saint Firmin as a juvenile. Her sister, Macarena, later produced La Morinière, a winner of the Prix la Rochette and the Prix du Jockey Club.

Another PERPLEXE son, Fra Angelico (1892, from Escarboucle by Doncaster), won the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, the Prix de la Forêt, and the Prix Greffulhe (2100 meters) in France, and the Zukunfts-Rennen in Germany. He later got a classic winner in Polymnie (1898), winner of the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches.

PERPLEXE'S other good running sons included: Puchero (1887, from Japonica by See Saw), Grande Poule des Produits (Prix Lupin); La Licorne (1890, from La Dauphine), Prix Gladiateur; and Vanneau (1884, from Ortolan by Saunterer), winner of the Prix Hocquart.

PERPLEXE'S other useful daughters included Hecla (1886, from Little Sister by Hermit), a half-sister to Prix du Cadran winner and sire Krakatoa, and Fousi-Yama, a winner of many races, including the Prix du Cadran and Prix Daru. She won the Prix de la Morlaye and one other races as a juvenile, and the next season ran second in the Grand Prix de Deauville. She was later second dam of Houli (1909), winner of the Grand Prix de Paris. Another PERPLEXE daughter, La Jarretiere (1884, from North Wiltshire by Parmesan), won the Deuxième Critérium at Fontainebleau, the Prix de Villiers at Paris, and the Prix de la Salamandre at Chantilly as a juvenile, and at age three took the Prix de Meautry and the Prix des Tribunes at Chantilly, placing second to Bavarde in the Prix de Diane, and third three times in races in France and Germany. Epsom Oaks winner Monade (1959) and the great stayer of the 1980s, Sadeem (1983, winner of Ascot Gold Cup, Goodwood Cup, Prix Gladiateur) were tail-female descendants of La Jarretiere.

PERPLEXE daughter Reveuse (1880, from Reverie by Marignan) was another good broodmare. She produced two Grand Critérium winners by Energy, Révérend (1888, also winner of the Prix Greffulhe, Prix la Rochette, later sire of the good stayer Caïus) and Rueil (1889, also winner of the Grand Prix de Paris, later sire of the good runners Mauvezin, Sospiro and Presto II). Two of her daughters bred on with winning descendants.

VIGILANT (1890), was out of Virgule, by Saunterer. She had won the Fürstenburg-Rennen at Baden-Baden for Delamarre, and at Haras de Bois-Roussel had produced Vinaigrette (1873, by Patricien), a winner of the Grand Prix de Deauville, VIZIR (1881), a Vermout son that won the Biennal (later Prix Jean Prat) that had to be destroyed at age three, and VIGILANT, a winner of the Grand Critérium as a juvenile, and at age three, of the Grande Poule des Produits (2100 meters, later Prix Lupin). He injured himself in the running of the Prix du Jockey Club, and was retired to Haras de Bois-Roussel as a stallion, where he was not particularly successful.

VIGILANT'S best runner was Kasbah (1892, from Katia, by Guy Dayrell), a pretty good juvenile (second in the Grand Critérium), and at age three winner of the Prix de Diane and the Prix de Flore at Saint-Cloud, and placed three times in good races. In the stud she bred the grand racemare Kizil Kourgan, later dam of Ksar. VIGILANT also got Diarbek, winner of the Prix Daru in 1892 for Delamarre.

Other Vermout sons included: CLOTAIRE (1868, from Lady Clocklo by Royal Quand-Meme) won the Blankney Stakes in England for Delamarre at age three; PORPHYRE (1867, from Paulina) was a sturdy stayer that won provincial races and placed second in the Prix de Deauville, behind the grand filly Sornette; BIVOUAC (1869), a promising colt that won the Grand Prix de Trouville-Deauville, broke down after and was sold as a sire; APOLLON (1870, out of Anecdote) won the Prix de Cedre as a juvenile, beating Flageolet; JONQUILLE (1873) was second in the Grand Critérium to Braconnier; VIZIER (1881) won the Biennal (Prix Jean Prat), and was second in the Derby de l'Est at Reims before suffering a fatal kick from a stablemate.

ENGUERRANDE (1873) was out of Auguste Lupin's Prix de Diane winner Deliane, who had been bred Lupin's at Haras de Viroflay, and was out of the grand dual classic winning filly Imperieuse that Lupin had imported from England. Deliane also produced Enguerrande's sister, Prix de Diane winner LA JONCHERE (1874), and two brothers, LUSIGNAN (1875) and FLORESTAN (1880), and a half-brother Xaintrailles (1882, by Flageolet), a juvenile winner of Newmarket's Prendergast Stakes, and at age three of the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and the Grande Poule de Produits. Xaintrailles was later a useful sire at Haras de Viroflay.

ENGUERRANDE, raced by her breeder, Lupin, debuted in the Poule d'Essai, which she won, beating FILOSELLE and Kilt. Beaten by a neck in the Grande Poule des Produits (Prix Lupin) by Braconnier, she then ran third in the Prix de Diane, behind Mondaine and FILOSELLE. Lupin took her to England where, in the Epsom Oaks, she dead-heated with Count Fredéric de Lagrange's filly Camélia; the two divided the stakes and ENGUERRANDE walked-over for the nominal victory. Back in France, in the Prix du Jockey Club she lost by a nose to the Rothschild colt Kilt, and was a well-beat second to Kisbér in the Grand Prix de Paris. In the fall, she was third to Kilt and Mondaine in the Prix Royal-Oak, and ended her busy season by winning the Prix de Villebon.

At age four ENGUERRANDE won the Prix du Cadran, after which she was retired to Viroflay. She produced several daughters that bred on, including Corisande (1888, by Energy), that produced the good colt Ivry (1897), a winner of the Prix Hocquart and Prix Lupin, and Rosamonde (1887, by Hermit), tail-female ancestress of a number of Derby Roman winners through one daughter, and of numerous classic winners in Australia and New Zealand through another daughter.

LA JONCHERE, a year-younger sister to ENGUERRANDE, won the Prix des Cars, and in 1977 the Prix Daru and the Prix de Diane. At Viroflay she also bred daughters who continued the family line; her descendants included the half-brothers Eugene de Savoie (Grand Prix de Saint Cloud, etc.) and Filibert de Savoie (Grand Prix de Paris, Prix du Cadran, Prix Royal-Oak, sire), and the three-time winner of the Hollywood Gold Cup, Native Diver (1959, by Imbros).

Of Deliane's sons by Vermout, LUSIGNAN (1875) later got La Vigne, a winner of the Grand Steeple-Chase de Paris, and FLORESTAN (1880) got some good winners for Arthur Veil-Picard.

CRAMOISI (1868, from Mlle. Cravachon) won the Prix de Saint-Cloud and the Derby Continental at Gand for Delamarre. Her line died out.

VERANDA (1868) was out of Vera Cruz, by Fitz-Gladiator, out of Victoria, by Elizondo, a foundation mare at Haras de Bois-Roussel. Another staying daughter of Vermout, Véranda won the Prix de Villebon and in England, the Lincolnshire Handicap 1871, and the Prix du Cadran in 1872 for Delamarre. She broke down, having injured her pastern, and was retired to Haras de Bois-Roussel where she produced two good sons, Prix Hocquart winner Vesuve (1874, by Patricien), and Vasistas (1886, by Idus), a wonderful stayer that took the Chester Cup in England and the Grand Prix de Paris. She died soon after giving birth to Vasistas.

Another Vermout daughter out of Vera Cruz was VERSAILLES (1875). She produced two winners, Montreuil (1893), and Tapis Vert (1896), both of which won the Prix Greffulhe. Montreuil bred on: the 1922 Poule d'Essai des Pouliches filly Frisky (by Isard) and the stayer Nepenthe (1938, Prix du Cadran, Prix Noailles) were among her descendants.

Another daughter from Victoria was Victorieuse (1863, by Bakaloum), who won the Prix de Diane and the Prix de Longchamp (Prix Hocquart) for Delamarre. Put to Vermout, she produced VIVIENNE (1873), VICOMTESSE (1874), and VICIOSA (1881), among others. VIVIENNE bred St. Honoré (1883, by Dollar), winner of the Grand Prix de Bruxelles, and Villefranche (1889, by Wellingtonia), second dam of Maurice de Rothschild's excellent runner Verdun (Grand Prix de Paris, Poule d'Essai des Poulains, Prix Boïard, etc.), later a useful stallion in France and Argentina, and also second dam of Poule d'Essai des Pouliches winner Vellica. VICOMTESSE also had descendants that were winners.

The Sting daughter Agar, was a foundation broodmare at Haras de Bois-Roussel. She bred four good youngsters for Delamarre, including Papillotte (1856, by Gladiator), Cantonnade (1860, by Allez-y-Gaiment), Delamarre's Prix du Jockey Club winner Bois Roussel (1861, by The Nabob), and Anecdote (1862, by Fitz Gladiator). Papillotte later produced Patricien (1864, by Monarque), a winner of the Prix du Jockey Club, Prix Hocquart, and Prix Royal-Oak for Delamarre and later a stallion at Haras de Bois-Roussel, and two half-sisters by Vermout: PASTILLE (1868) and PALMYRE (1872), both of which bred on.

Agar's daughter Cantonnade bred a number of foals by Vermout, two of which are of special interest. CAMPECHE (1870) won the Prix de Diane for Delamarre, and in the stud produced Cambuse (1877, by Plutus), the dam of Cambyse (1884, by Androclès), a good winner of of nine races, with five places, in fifteen starts, later a sire at Haras de Cheffreville, where he got the good runners Codoman, Callistrate and Gardefeu, the latter grandsire, in tail-male of the Grand Prix de Paris winner and stallion Brûleur. Campêche's sister CAPITALE (1883), by Vermout, produced the Prix de Diane winner Cambridge (1895, by Gamin). A third sister, CADENCE (1881) won the Triennial, and the Prix de Bois-Roussel.

FILOSELLE (1873), a generational rival of ENGUERRANDE, also owned and bred by Delamarre, was out of Fidelité by Monarque. She was second to Mondaine in the Prix de Diane and to Kilt in the Prix Royal-Oak, and won Longchamp's Prix Hocquart over 2500 meters. Her daughter Fifine (1884, by Isonomy) Produced Fifre II, winner of the Prix Jean Prat and Prix Lagrange, and Foscarina, who, sent to Italy, produced Wistaria (1907) to the cover of Galeazzo, winner of the Oaks d'Italia and St. Leger Italiano among other races, and ancestress of a succession of generations of winners in Italy.

FRIANDISE (1879), a sister to FILOSELLE, won the Prix de Victot, the Prix de Seine-et-Marne, and the Prix de Bois-Roussel and four other races for Delamarre, and was second to Tristan in the Grand Prix de Deauville.

Vermout died "gently" in 1886 at Haras de Bois-Roussel, where he had been born 25 years earlier, an active stallion right up to the end of his life.

--Patricia Erigero

VERMOUT, bay colt, 1861 - Family # 3 - m
The Nabob
blk. 1849
The Nob
b. 1838
b. 1830
br. 1830
br. 1832
br. 1822
Mare by Selim
b. 1821
Mare by Precipitate
ch. 1853
The Baron
ch. 1842
ch. 1833
Sir Hercules
b. 1838
Miss Pratt
Fair Helen
b. 1837
b. 1827
b. 1830

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